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ANNEX IMETHODS OF SAMPLING FOR OFFICIAL CONTROL OF THE LEVELS OF FUSARIUM TOXINS IN CERTAIN FOODSTUFFS

1.Purpose and scope

Samples intended for official checking of the levels of Fusarium toxins content in foodstuffs shall be taken according to the methods set out in this Annex. Aggregate samples thus obtained shall be considered as representative of the lots. Compliance with maximum limits laid down in Annex I to Regulation (EC) 466/2001 shall be established on the basis of the levels determined in the laboratory samples.

2.Definitions

For the purpose of this Annex, the following definitions shall apply:

2.1. Lot

:

an identifiable quantity of a food commodity delivered at one time and determined by the official to have common characteristics, such as origin, variety, type of packing, packer, consignor or markings.

2.2. Sublot

:

designated part of a large lot in order to apply the sampling method on that designated part; each sublot must be physically separate and identifiable.

2.3. Incremental sample

:

a quantity of material taken from a single place in the lot or sublot.

2.4. Aggregate sample

:

the combined total of all the incremental samples taken from the lot or sublot.

3.General provisions

3.1.Personnel

Sampling shall be performed by an authorised person as designated by the Member State.

3.2.Material to be sampled

Each lot which is to be examined must be sampled separately. In accordance with the point 4.3, large lots must be subdivided into sublots to be sampled separately.

3.3.Precautions to be taken

In the course of sampling and preparation of the samples precautions, must be taken to avoid any changes, which would affect the Fusarium toxin content, adversely affect the analytical determination or make the aggregate samples unrepresentative.

3.4.Incremental samples

As far as possible incremental samples shall be taken at various places distributed throughout the lot or sublot. Departure from such procedure must be recorded in the record.

3.5.Preparation of the aggregate sample

The aggregate sample shall be made up by uniting the incremental samples.

3.6.Replicate samples

The replicate samples for enforcement, trade (defence) and reference (referee) purposes shall be taken from the homogenised aggregate sample, unless such procedure conflicts with Member States’ rules.

3.7.Packaging and transmission of samples

Each sample shall be placed in a clean, inert container offering adequate protection from contamination and against damage in transit. All necessary precautions shall be taken to avoid any change in composition of the sample, which might arise during transportation or storage.

3.8.Sealing and labelling of samples

Each sample taken for official use shall be sealed at the place of sampling and identified following the regulations of the Member State.

A record must be kept of each sampling, permitting each lot to be identified unambiguously and giving the date and place of sampling together with any additional information likely to be of assistance to the analyst.

4.Specific provisions

4.1.Different types of lots

Food commodities may be traded in bulk, containers, or individual packings, such as sacks, bags, retail packings. The sampling procedure may be applied to all the different forms in which the commodities are put on the market.

Without prejudice to the specific provisions set out in points 4.3, 4.4 and 4.5, the following formula may be used as a guide for the sampling of lots traded in individual packs, such as sacks, bags, retail packings.

4.2.Weight of the incremental sample

The weight of the incremental sample must be about 100 grams, unless otherwise defined in this Annex. In the case of lots in retail packings, the weight of the incremental sample shall depend on the weight of the retail packing.

4.3.General survey of the sampling procedure for cereals and cereal products

Table 1

Subdivision of lots into sublots depending on product and lot weight

a

Depending on the lot weight — see Table 2.

CommodityLot weight(tonnes)Weight or number of sublotsNo incremental samplesAggregate sample Weight(kg)
Cereals and cereal products≥ 1 500500 tonnes10010
> 300 and < 1 5003 sublots10010
≥ 50 and ≤ 300100 tonnes10010
< 503-100a1-10

4.4.Sampling procedure for cereals and cereal products for lots ≥ 50 tonnes

4.5.Sampling procedure for cereals and cereal products for lots < 50 tonnes

For lots of cereals and cereal products less than 50 tonnes, the sampling plan must be used with 10 to 100 incremental samples, depending on the lot weight, resulting in an aggregate sample of 1 to 10 kg. For very small lots (≤ 0,5 tonnes) a lower number of incremental samples may be taken, but the aggregate sample uniting all incremental samples shall be also in that case at least 1 kg.

The figures in Table 2 may be used to determine the number of incremental samples to be taken.

Table 2

Number of incremental samples to be taken depending on the weight of the lot of cereals and cereal products

Lot weight (tonnes)No of incremental samples
≤ 0,053
> 0,05-≤ 0,55
> 0,5-≤ 110
> 1-≤ 320
> 3-≤ 1040
> 10-≤ 2060
> 20-≤ 50100

4.6.Sampling procedure for foods intended for infants and young children

4.7.Sampling at retail stage

Sampling of foodstuffs at the retail stage must be done where possible in accordance with the sampling provisions set out in points 4.4. and 4.5. Where that is not possible, other effective sampling procedures at retail stage may be used provided that they ensure sufficient representativeness for the sampled lot.

5.Acceptance of a lot or sublot