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Directive 2002/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Directive 2002/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 June 2002 relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise

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  1. Introductory Text

  2. Article 1.Objectives

  3. Article 2.Scope

  4. Article 3.Definitions

  5. Article 4.Implementation and responsibilities

  6. Article 5.Noise indicators and their application

  7. Article 6.Assessment methods

  8. Article 7.Strategic noise mapping

  9. Article 8.Action plans

  10. Article 9.Information to the public

  11. Article 10.Collection and publication of data by Member States and the Commission

  12. Article 11.Review and reporting

  13. Article 12. Adaptation to technical and scientific progress

  14. Article 13.Committee

  15. Article 14.Transposition

  16. Article 15.Entry into force

  17. Article 16.Addressees

    1. ANNEX I

      NOISE INDICATORS

      1. 1. Definition of the day-evening-night level Lden

      2. 2. Definition of the night-time noise indicator

      3. 3. Supplementary noise indicators

    2. ANNEX II

      ASSESSMENT METHODS FOR THE NOISE INDICATORS

      1. 1. INTRODUCTION

      2. 2. COMMON NOISE ASSESSMENT METHODS

        1. 2.1. General provisions — Road traffic, railway and industrial noise

          1. 2.1.1. Indicators, frequency range and band definitions

          2. 2.1.2. Quality framework

            1. Accuracy of input values

            2. Use of default values

            3. Quality of the software used for the calculations

        2. 2.2. Road traffic noise

          1. 2.2.1. Source description

            1. Classification of vehicles

            2. Number and position of equivalent sound sources

              1. Figure [2.2.a] Location of equivalent point source on light vehicles (category 1),...

            3. Sound power emission

              1. General considerations

              2. Traffic flow

              3. Individual vehicle

          2. 2.2.2. Reference conditions

          3. 2.2.3. Rolling noise

            1. General equation

            2. Correction for studded tyres

            3. Effect of air temperature on rolling noise correction

          4. 2.2.4. Propulsion noise

            1. General equation

            2. Effect of road gradients

          5. 2.2.5. Effect of the acceleration and deceleration of vehicles

          6. 2.2.6. Effect of the type of road surface

            1. General principles

            2. Age effect on road surface noise properties

        3. 2.3. Railway noise

          1. 2.3.1. Source description

            1. Classification of vehicles

              1. Definition of vehicle and train

            2. Classification of tracks and support structure

            3. Number and position of the equivalent sound sources

              1. Figure [2.3.a] Equivalent noise sources position

          2. 2.3.2. Sound power emission

            1. General equations

              1. Individual vehicle

              2. Traffic flow

                1. Figure [2.3.b] Geometrical definition

            2. Rolling noise

            3. Wheel and rail roughness

              1. Definition

            4. Vehicle, track and superstructure transfer function

              1. Figure [2.3.c] Scheme of the use of the different roughness and transfer...

            5. Impact noise (crossings, switches and junctions)

            6. Squeal

            7. Traction noise

            8. Aerodynamic noise

            9. Source directivity

          3. 2.3.3. Additional effects

            1. Correction for structural radiation (bridges and viaducts)

            2. Correction for other railway-related noise sources

        4. 2.4. Industrial noise

          1. 2.4.1. Source description

            1. Classification of source types (point, line, area)

            2. Number and position of equivalent sound sources

            3. Sound power emission

              1. General

            4. Source directivity

        5. 2.5. Calculation of noise propagation for road, railway, industrial sources.

          1. 2.5.1. Scope and applicability of the method

          2. 2.5.2. Definitions used

          3. 2.5.3. Geometrical considerations

            1. Source segmentation

            2. Propagation paths

            3. Significant heights above the ground

              1. Figure 2.5.a Equivalent heights in relation to the ground

            4. Calculation of the mean plane

            5. Reflections by building façades and other vertical obstacles

          4. 2.5.4. Sound propagation model

          5. 2.5.5. Calculation process

            1. Sound level in favourable conditions (L F ) for a...

            2. Sound level in homogeneous conditions (L H ) for a...

            3. Statistical approach inside urban areas for a path (S,R)

            4. Long-term sound level for a path (S,R)

            5. Long-term sound level at point R for all paths

            6. Long-term sound level at point R in decibels A (dBA)...

          6. 2.5.6. Calculation of noise propagation for road, railway, industrial sources.

            1. Geometrical divergence

            2. Atmospheric absorption

            3. Ground effect

            4. Acoustic characterisation of ground

              1. Figure 2.5.b Determination of the ground coefficient G path over a propagation...

            5. Calculations in homogeneous conditions

            6. Calculation in favourable conditions

            7. Diffraction

            8. General principles

              1. Figure 2.5.c Geometry of a calculation of the attenuation due to diffraction...

            9. Pure diffraction

            10. Calculation of the path difference

            11. Homogeneous conditions

              1. Figure 2.5.d Calculation of the path difference in homogeneous conditions. O ,...

            12. Favourable conditions

              1. Figure 2.5.e Calculation of the path difference in favourable conditions (single diffraction)...

              2. Figure 2.5.f Example of calculation of the path difference in favourable conditions,...

            13. Calculation of the attenuation A dif

            14. Calculation of the term Δ ground(S,O)

            15. Calculation of the term Δ ground(O,R)

            16. Vertical edge scenarios

            17. Reflections on vertical obstacles

              1. Attenuation through absorption

                1. Figure 2.5.g Specular reflection on an obstacle dealt with by the image...

              2. Attenuation through retrodiffraction

                1. Figure 2.5.h Sound ray reflected to the order of 4 in a...

                2. Figure 2.5.i The path difference for the second reflection

                3. Figure 2.5.j The path difference in the presence of a diffraction: actual...

        6. 2.6. General provisions — Aircraft noise

          1. 2.6.1. Definitions and symbols

            1. Terms

            2. Symbols

            3. Subscripts

          2. 2.6.2. Quality framework

            1. Accuracy of input values

            2. Use of default values

            3. Quality of the software used for the calculations

        7. 2.7. Aircraft noise

          1. 2.7.1. Aim and scope of document

          2. 2.7.2. Outline of the document

            1. Figure 2.7.a The noise contour generation process

          3. 2.7.3. The concept of segmentation

          4. 2.7.4. Flight paths: Tracks and profiles

          5. 2.7.5. Aircraft noise and performance

          6. 2.7.6. Airport and aircraft operations

            1. General airport data

            2. Runway data

            3. Ground track data

            4. Air traffic data

            5. Topographical data

            6. Reference conditions

              1. Reference conditions for NPD data

              2. Reference conditions for aeroplane aerodynamic and engine data

          7. 2.7.7. Description of the flight path

          8. 2.7.8. Relationships between flight path and flight configuration

          9. 2.7.9. Sources of flight path data

            1. Radar data

            2. Procedural steps

          10. 2.7.10. Coordinate systems

            1. The local coordinate system

              1. Figure 2.7.b Local coordinate system ( x,y,z ) and ground-track fixed coordinate...

            2. The ground-track fixed coordinate system

            3. The aircraft coordinate system

              1. Figure 2.7.c Aircraft fixed coordinate system ( x′,y′,z′ )

            4. Accounting for topography

              1. Figure 2.7.d Ground elevation along (left) and lateral (right) to ground track...(The nominal ground plane z = 0 passes through the...

          11. 2.7.11. Ground Tracks

            1. Backbone tracks

              1. Figure 2.7.e Ground track geometry in terms of turns and straight segments...

              2. Track dispersion

          12. 2.7.12. Flight profiles

          13. 2.7.13. Construction of flight path segments

            1. Ground track

              1. Figure 2.7.f Construction of flight path segments dividing turn into segments of...

            2. Flight profile

            3. Segmentation of the takeoff ground roll

              1. Example:

                  1. Figure 2.7.g Segmentation of a takeoff roll (example for 8 segments)

            4. Segmentation of the initial climb segment

              1. Example:

            5. Segmentation of airborne segments

            6. The landing ground roll

              1. Figure 2.7.h Modelling of landing ground roll

          14. 2.7.14. Noise calculation for a single event

          15. 2.7.15. Single event metrics

          16. 2.7.16. Determination of event levels from NPD-data

            1. Figure 2.7.i Interpolation in noise-power-distance curves

            2. Impedance adjustment of standard NPD data

          17. 2.7.17. General expressions

            1. Segment event level Lseg

            2. Event noise level L of an aircraft movement

          18. 2.7.18. Flight path segment parameters

            1. Geometric parameters

              1. Figure 2.7.j Flight path segment geometry for observer behind segment

              2. Figure 2.7.k Flight path segment geometry for observer alongside segment

              3. Figure 2.7.l Flight path segment geometry for observer ahead of segment

            2. Segment power P

          19. 2.7.19. Segment Event level correction terms

            1. The duration correction DV (Exposure levels LE only)

            2. Sound propagation geometry

              1. Figure 2.7.m Aircraft-observer angles in plane normal to flight path

            3. Engine installation correction Δ I

              1. Figure 2.7.n Lateral directivity of installation effects

            4. Lateral attenuation Λ(β,ℓ) (infinite flight path)

              1. Figure 2.7.o Variation of lateral attenuation Λ(β,ℓ) with elevation angle and distance...

            5. Finite segment lateral attenuation

              1. Figure 2.7.p Observer alongside segment

              2. Figure 2.7.q Observer behind segment

            6. The finite segment correction Δ F (Exposure levels L E...

            7. Specific Treatments of Ground-roll Segments, including the start-of-roll directivity function...

            8. The start-of-roll directivity function Δ SOR

              1. Figure 2.7.r Aircraft-observer geometry at ground for estimation of directivity correction

            9. Treatment of receivers located behind each takeoff and landing ground-roll...

          20. 2.7.20. Event noise level L of a general-aviation aircraft movement

          21. 2.7.21. Method for the Calculation of Helicopter Noise

          22. 2.7.22. Noise associated with Engine Testing (Run-Up) Operations, taxiing and auxiliary...

          23. 2.7.23. Calculation of cumulative levels

          24. 2.7.24. Weighted equivalent sound levels

          25. 2.7.25. The weighted number of operations

          26. 2.7.26. Standard grid calculation and refinement

            1. Figure 2.7.s Standard grid and grid refinement

          27. 2.7.27. Use of rotated grids

            1. Figure 2.7.t Use of a rotated grid

          28. 2.7.28. Tracing of contours

            1. Figure 2.7.u Concept of tracing algorithm

            2. Figure 2.7.v Geometric parameters defining conditions for the tracing algorithm

        8. 2.8. Assigning noise levels and population to buildings

          1. Determination of the number of inhabitants of a building

            1. CASE 1: the data on the number of inhabitants is...

            2. CASE 2: no data on the number of inhabitants is...

          2. Assigning receiver points to the façades of buildings

            1. CASE 1

              1. Figure a Example of location of receivers around a building following CASE...

            2. CASE 2

              1. Figure b Example of location of receivers around a building following CASE...

      3. 3. INPUT DATA

      4. 4. MEASUREMENT METHODS

      5. Appendix A

        Data requirements

        1. Section 2.7.6 of the main text describes in general terms...

        2. A1 GENERAL AIRPORT DATA

        3. A2 RUNWAY DESCRIPTION

        4. A3 GROUND TRACK DESCRIPTION

        5. A4 AIR TRAFFIC DESCRIPTION

        6. A5 FLIGHT PROCEDURE DATA SHEET

      6. Appendix B

        Flight performance calculations

        1. Terms and symbols

        2. Terms

        3. Symbols

        4. B1 INTRODUCTION

          1. Flight path synthesis

          2. Flight path analysis

        5. B2 ENGINE THRUST

          1. Guidance on operation with reduced takeoff thrust

          2. Reduced Climb Thrust

        6. B3 VERTICAL PROFILES OF AIR TEMPERATURE, PRESSURE, DENSITY AND WINDSPEED

        7. B4 THE EFFECTS OF TURNS

          1. Approximate method

        8. B5 TAKEOFF GROUND ROLL

          1. Figure B-1 Equivalent takeoff distance

        9. B6 CLIMB AT CONSTANT SPEED

        10. B7 POWER CUTBACK (TRANSITION SEGMENT)

          1. Amount of thrust reduction

          2. Constant speed climb segment with cutback

            1. Figure B-2 Constant speed climb segment with cutback (illustration — not to...

        11. B8 ACCELERATING CLIMB AND FLAP RETRACTION

          1. Accelerating segment with cutback

        12. B9 ADDITIONAL CLIMB AND ACCELERATION SEGMENTS AFTER FLAP RETRACTION

        13. B10 DESCENT AND DECELERATION

        14. B11 LANDING APPROACH

      7. Appendix C

        Modelling of lateral ground track spreading

        1. It is recommended that, in the absence of radar data,...

        2. Assuming a Gaussian distribution with a standard deviation S ,...

        3. Figure C-1 Subdivision of a ground track into 7 subtracks (The width...(The width of the swathe is 5 times the standard...

        4. A Gaussian distribution can normally be modelled adequately using 7...

        5. However, the adequacy of the approximation depends on the relationship...

      8. Appendix D

        Recalculation of NPD-data for non-reference conditions

        1. The noise level contributions from each segment of the flight...

        2. Figure D-1 Meteorological conditions recorded during noise certification tests

        3. The curves overlaid on Figure D-1 , calculated using an...

        4. Because the attenuation rates, given in Table D-1 , are...

        5. The attenuation coefficients in Table D-1 may be assumed valid...

        6. The ANP database provides the following NPD data for each...

        7. maximum sound level versus slant distance, L max (d) time...

        8. all data being normalised to the AIR-1845 atmosphere.

        9. Adjustment of the NPD curves to user-specified conditions T and...

        10. First the reference spectrum is corrected to remove the SAE...

        11. The increment Δ L is the difference between the NPDs...

        12. Applying Δ L to adjust both L max and L...

      9. Appendix E

        The finite segment correction

        1. This appendix outlines the derivation of the finite segment correction...

        2. E1 GEOMETRY

          1. Figure E-1 Geometry between flight path and observer location O

        3. E2 ESTIMATION OF THE ENERGY FRACTION

        4. E3 CONSISTENCY OF MAXIMUM AND TIME INTEGRATED METRICS — THE SCALED...

      10. Appendix F

        Database for road traffic source

        1. This appendix presents the database for most of the existing...

      11. Appendix G

        1. Database for railway source

      12. Appendix H

        Database for industrial source

        1. This appendix presents a few examples for input values for...

      13. Appendix I

        Database for aircraft source — NPD data

        1. This appendix presents the database for most of the existing...

        2. This section introduces complementary data for general aviation aircraft.

        3. GASEPF and GASEPV data

        4. Aircraft classes data

        5. Aircraft Noise and Performance data for the four classes are...

        6. Helicopter Noise and Performance Data Set 1

        7. Helicopter Noise and Performance Data Set 2

    3. ANNEX III

      ASSESSMENT METHODS FOR HARMFUL EFFECTS

      1. The dose-effect relations introduced by future revisions of this Annex...

      2. the relation between annoyance and Lden for road, rail and...

      3. If necessary, specific dose-effect relations could be presented for:

      4. dwellings with special insulation against noise as defined in Annex...

    4. ANNEX IV

      MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR STRATEGIC NOISE MAPPING

      1. 1. A strategic noise map is the presentation of data on...

      2. 2. Strategic noise maps may be presented to the public as:...

      3. 3. Strategic noise maps for agglomerations shall put a special emphasis...

      4. 4. Strategic noise mapping will be used for the following purposes:...

      5. 5. Minimum requirements for the strategic noise maps concerning the data...

      6. 6. For the purposes of informing the citizen in accordance with...

      7. 7. Strategic noise maps for local or national application must be...

      8. 8. For agglomerations separate strategic noise maps must be made for...

      9. 9. The Commission may develop guidelines providing further guidance on noise...

    5. ANNEX V

      MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR ACTION PLANS

      1. 1. An action plan must at least include the following elements:...

      2. 2. The actions which the competent authorities intend to take in...

      3. 3. Each action plan should contain estimates in terms of the...

      4. 4. The Commission may develop guidelines providing further guidance on the...

    6. ANNEX VI

      DATA TO BE SENT TO THE COMMISSION

      1. The data to be sent to the Commission are as...

      2. 1. For agglomerations 1.1. A concise description of the agglomeration:...

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