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Directive 2001/85/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (repealed)Show full title

Directive 2001/85/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2001 relating to special provisions for vehicles used for the carriage of passengers comprising more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat, and amending Directives 70/156/EEC and 97/27/EC (repealed)

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  1. Introductory Text

  2. Article 1.. . . . . . . . . ....

  3. Article 2.. . . . . . . . . ....

  4. Article 3.. . . . . . . . . ....

  5. Article 4.. . . . . . . . . ....

  6. Article 5.. . . . . . . . . ....

  7. Article 6.. . . . . . . . . ....

  8. Article 7.. . . . . . . . . ....

  9. Article 8.. . . . . . . . . ....

  10. Article 9.. . . . . . . . . ....

  11. Article 10.. . . . . . . . . ....

    1. ANNEX I

      SCOPE, DEFINITIONS, APPLICATION FOR EC VEHICLE TYPE-APPROVAL OR SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT TYPE-APPROVAL OF A BODYWORK, MODIFICATIONS OF VEHICLE OR BODYWORK TYPE, CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION AND REQUIREMENTS

      1. 1. SCOPE

        1. 1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 1.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 1.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 1.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 1.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 1.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 1.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

      2. 2. DEFINITIONS

        1. 2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 2.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 2.1.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 2.1.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 2.1.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 2.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 2.1.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 2.1.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 2.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 2.1.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 2.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          5. 2.1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

          6. 2.1.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 2.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 2.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        5. 2.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

        6. 2.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

        7. 2.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

        8. 2.8. . . . . . . . . . ....

        9. 2.9. . . . . . . . . . ....

        10. 2.10. . . . . . . . . . ....

        11. 2.11. . . . . . . . . . ....

        12. 2.12. . . . . . . . . . ....

        13. 2.13. . . . . . . . . . ....

        14. 2.14. . . . . . . . . . ....

        15. 2.15. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 2.15.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 2.15.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 2.15.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        16. 2.16. . . . . . . . . . ....

        17. 2.17. . . . . . . . . . ....

        18. 2.18. . . . . . . . . . ....

        19. 2.19. . . . . . . . . . ....

        20. 2.20. . . . . . . . . . ....

        21. 2.21. . . . . . . . . . ....

        22. 2.22. . . . . . . . . . ....

        23. 2.23. . . . . . . . . . ....

        24. 2.24. . . . . . . . . . ....

        25. 2.25. . . . . . . . . . ....

        26. 2.26. . . . . . . . . . ....

        27. 2.27. . . . . . . . . . ....

        28. 2.28. . . . . . . . . . ....

        29. 2.29. . . . . . . . . . ....

        30. 2.30. . . . . . . . . . ....

        31. 2.31. . . . . . . . . . ....

        32. 2.32. . . . . . . . . . ....

        33. 2.33. . . . . . . . . . ....

        34. 2.34. . . . . . . . . . ....

        35. 2.35. . . . . . . . . . ....

        36. 2.36. . . . . . . . . . ....

        37. 2.37. . . . . . . . . . ....

        38. 2.38. . . . . . . . . . ....

        39. 2.39. . . . . . . . . . ....

      3. 3. APPLICATION FOR EC TYPE-APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE OR OF A...

        1. 3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 3.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

      4. 4. GRANTING OF EC VEHICLE TYPE-APPROVAL

        1. 4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 4.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 4.4. Markings

          1. 4.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 4.4.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 4.4.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 4.4.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 4.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

      5. 5. MODIFICATION OF THE TYPES AND AMENDMENTS TO APPROVAL

        1. 5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      6. 6. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

      7. 7. REQUIREMENTS

        1. 7.1. General

          1. 7.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 7.2. Area available for passengers

          1. 7.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.2.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.2.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.2.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.2.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.2.1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.2.1.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.2.1.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.2.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.2.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.2.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.2.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.2.2.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.2.2.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.2.2.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

            8. 7.2.2.8. . . . . . . . . . ....

            9. 7.2.2.9. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 7.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.2.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.2.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.2.4.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 7.3. Marking of vehicles

          1. 7.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.3.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.3.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.3.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.3.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.3.3.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.3.3.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 7.4. Stability test

          1. 7.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.4.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.4.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.4.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 7.4.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          5. 7.4.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.4.5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.4.5.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.4.5.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.4.5.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.4.5.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.4.5.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.4.5.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

        5. 7.5. Protection against fire risks

          1. 7.5.1. Engine compartment

            1. 7.5.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.5.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.5.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.5.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.5.2. Electrical equipment and wiring

            1. 7.5.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.5.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.5.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.5.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.5.2.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.5.2.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.5.3. Batteries

            1. 7.5.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.5.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.5.3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 7.5.4. Fire extinguishers and first-aid equipment

            1. 7.5.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.5.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.5.4.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          5. 7.5.5. Materials

        6. 7.6. Exits

          1. 7.6.1. Number of exits

            1. 7.6.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.6.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.6.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.6.1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.6.1.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.6.1.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.6.1.7.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.6.1.7.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 7.6.1.7.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            8. 7.6.1.8. . . . . . . . . . ....

            9. 7.6.1.9. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.6.1.9.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.6.1.9.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            10. 7.6.1.10. . . . . . . . . . ....

            11. 7.6.1.11. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.6.2. Siting of exits

            1. 7.6.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.6.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.6.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.6.2.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.6.2.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.6.2.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.6.3. Minimum dimensions of exits

            1. 7.6.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 7.6.4. Technical requirements for all service doors

            1. 7.6.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.6.4.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.6.4.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.6.4.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.6.4.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.6.4.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

            8. 7.6.4.8. . . . . . . . . . ....

            9. 7.6.4.9. . . . . . . . . . ....

          5. 7.6.5. Additional technical requirements for power-operated service doors

            1. 7.6.5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.6.5.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.6.5.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 7.6.5.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 7.6.5.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

              5. 7.6.5.1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

              6. 7.6.5.1.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

              7. 7.6.5.1.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.5.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.6.5.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.6.5.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.6.5.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.6.5.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.6.5.6.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 7.6.5.6.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 7.6.5.6.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                  1. 7.6.5.6.1.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                  2. 7.6.5.6.1.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                  3. 7.6.5.6.1.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.6.5.6.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 7.6.5.6.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 7.6.5.6.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.6.5.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

            8. 7.6.5.8. . . . . . . . . . ....

            9. 7.6.5.9. . . . . . . . . . ....

          6. 7.6.6. Additional technical requirements for automatically operated service doors

            1. 7.6.6.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.6.6.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.6.6.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 7.6.6.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 7.6.6.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.6.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.6.6.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 7.6.6.2.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 7.6.6.2.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.6.6.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.6.6.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.6.6.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.6.6.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 7.6.6.3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 7.6.6.3.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.6.6.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.6.6.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.6.6.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 7.6.6.4.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 7.6.6.4.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          7. 7.6.7. Technical requirements for emergency doors

            1. 7.6.7.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.7.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.6.7.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.6.7.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.6.7.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.6.7.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

          8. 7.6.8. Technical requirements for emergency windows

            1. 7.6.8.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.8.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.6.8.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.6.8.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.6.8.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.6.8.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.6.8.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.6.8.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

          9. 7.6.9. Technical requirements for escape hatches

            1. 7.6.9.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.9.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.6.9.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.6.9.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.6.9.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

          10. 7.6.10. Technical requirements for retractable steps

            1. 7.6.10.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.10.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.6.10.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.6.10.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.6.10.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.6.10.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.6.10.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

            8. 7.6.10.8. . . . . . . . . . ....

            9. 7.6.10.9. . . . . . . . . . ....

          11. 7.6.11. Markings

            1. 7.6.11.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.6.11.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.6.11.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.6.11.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        7. 7.7. Interior arrangements

          1. 7.7.1. Access to service doors (see Annex III, figure 1)

            1. 7.7.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.7.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.7.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.7.1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.7.1.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.7.1.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

            8. 7.7.1.8. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.7.1.8.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.7.1.8.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 7.7.1.8.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 7.7.1.8.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            9. 7.7.1.9. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.7.1.9.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.7.1.9.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            10. 7.7.1.10. . . . . . . . . . ....

            11. 7.7.1.11. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.7.2. Access to emergency doors (see Annex III, figure 5)

            1. 7.7.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.7.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.7.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.7.3. Access to emergency windows

            1. 7.7.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.7.3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 7.7.4. Access to escape hatches

            1. 7.7.4.1. Escape hatches in the roof

              1. 7.7.4.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.7.4.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.4.2. Escape hatches in the floor

          5. 7.7.5. Gangways (see Annex III, figure 6)

            1. 7.7.5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.7.5.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 7.7.5.1.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 7.7.5.1.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                3. 7.7.5.1.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.5.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.7.5.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.7.5.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.7.5.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.7.5.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.7.5.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.7.5.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.7.5.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

            8. 7.7.5.8. . . . . . . . . . ....

            9. 7.7.5.9. . . . . . . . . . ....

          6. 7.7.6. Slope of gangway

            1. 7.7.6.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.6.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.7.6.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.7.6.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          7. 7.7.7. Steps (see Annex III, figure 8)

            1. 7.7.7.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.7.7.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.7.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.7.7.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.7.7.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.7.7.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.7.7.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 7.7.7.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

          8. 7.7.8. Passenger seats and space for seated passengers

            1. 7.7.8.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.7.8.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.7.8.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 7.7.8.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 7.7.8.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.8.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.7.8.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.7.8.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.7.8.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.7.8.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.7.8.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.7.8.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 7.7.8.4.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 7.7.8.4.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

              5. 7.7.8.4.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

              6. 7.7.8.4.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.7.8.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.7.8.5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.7.8.5.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 7.7.8.5.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 7.7.8.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.7.8.6.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.7.8.6.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 7.7.8.6.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 7.7.8.6.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 7.7.8.6.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 7.7.8.6.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 7.7.8.6.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                3. 7.7.8.6.3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

                4. 7.7.8.6.3.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 7.7.8.6.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 7.7.8.6.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 7.7.8.6.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                  1. 7.7.8.6.4.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                  2. 7.7.8.6.4.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                3. 7.7.8.6.4.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          9. 7.7.9. Communication with the driver

            1. 7.7.9.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.9.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          10. 7.7.10. Hot-drink machines and cooking equipment

            1. 7.7.10.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.10.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          11. 7.7.11. Doors to interior compartments

            1. 7.7.11.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.7.11.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.7.11.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.7.11.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        8. 7.8. Artificial lighting

          1. 7.8.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.8.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.8.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.8.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.8.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.8.1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.8.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.8.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        9. 7.9. Articulated section of articulated vehicles

          1. 7.9.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.9.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.9.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.9.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.9.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.9.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.9.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 7.9.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.9.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.9.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.9.4.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        10. 7.10. Direction-holding of articulated vehicles

        11. 7.11. Handrails and handholds

          1. 7.11.1. General requirements

            1. 7.11.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.11.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.11.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.11.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 7.11.1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.11.2. Handrails and handholds for standing passengers

            1. 7.11.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.11.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 7.11.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 7.11.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.11.3. Handrails and handholds for service doors

            1. 7.11.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.11.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 7.11.3.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 7.11.3.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 7.11.4. Handrails to priority seating

            1. 7.11.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        12. 7.12. Guarding of step wells

        13. 7.13. Baggage racks and occupant protection

        14. 7.14. Trap doors, if fitted

        15. 7.15. Visual entertainment

      8. Appendix

        VERIFICATION OF STATIC TILTING LIMIT BY MEANS OF CALCULATION

        1. 1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 3. Preparations for calculation

          1. 3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 3.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 4. Validity of the calculation method.

          1. 4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

    2. ANNEX II

      EC TYPE-APPROVAL DOCUMENTATION

      1. Appendix 1

        1. Subappendix 1

        2. Subappendix 2

        3. Subappendix 3

      2. Appendix 2

        1. Subappendix 1

          1. Addendum to EC type-approval certificate No …

        2. Subappendix 2

          1. Addendum to EC type-approval certificate No …

        3. Subappendix 3

          1. Addendum to EC type-approval certificate No …

    3. ANNEX III

      EXPLANATORY DIAGRAMS

      1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      2. . . . . . . . . . ....

      3. . . . . . . . . . ....

      4. . . . . . . . . . ....

      5. . . . . . . . . . ....

      6. . . . . . . . . . ....

      7. . . . . . . . . . ....

      8. . . . . . . . . . ....

      9. . . . . . . . . . ....

      10. . . . . . . . . . ....

      11. . . . . . . . . . ....

    4. ANNEX IV

      STRENGTH OF SUPERSTRUCTURE

      1. 1. Scope

      2. 2. Definitions

        1. 2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

      3. 3. General specifications and requirements

        1. 3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 3.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

      4. 4. Test methods

        1. 4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 4.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 4.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 4.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 4.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

      5. 5. Residual space

        1. 5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 5.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

      6. 6. Interpretation of test results

        1. 6.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      7. Figure 1 Residual space (All dimensions in millimetres) Appendix 1 ROLL-OVER TEST...(All dimensions in millimetres) Appendix 1 ROLL-OVER TEST ON A...

      8. Appendix 1

        ROLL-OVER TEST ON A COMPLETE VEHICLE

        1. 1. Test condition

          1. 1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          5. 1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

          6. 1.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 2. Test procedure (see figure 1)

          1. 2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 2.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 2.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 2.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 2.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 2.2.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          5. 2.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

          6. 2.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

          7. 2.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

      9. Appendix 2

        ROLL-OVER TEST ON A BODYWORK SECTION

        1. 1. Test conditions

          1. 1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          5. 1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

          6. 1.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 2. Test procedure

          1. 2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      10. Appendix 3

        PENDULUM TEST ON A BODYWORK SECTION

        1. 1. Energy level and direction of impact

          1. 1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 2. Test conditions

          1. 2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          5. 2.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

          6. 2.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

          7. 2.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

          8. 2.8. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 3. Description of the pendulum

          1. 3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. Subappendix 1

          Calculation of total energy (E*)

          1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. Calculation of total energy (E*)

        5. Subappendix 2

          Requirements for the distribution of the main energy absorbing parts of the superstructure

          1. 1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 3. . . . . . . . . . ....

      11. Appendix 4

        VERIFICATION OF STRENGTH OF SUPERSTRUCTURE BY CALCULATION

        1. 1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 4. Preparations for calculation

          1. 4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        5. 5. Tests of section of superstructure

    5. ANNEX V

      (See Annex I, paragraph 7.6.5.6.1.1)

      1. 1. General

      2. 2. Definitions

        1. 2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        5. 2.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

        6. 2.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

      3. 3. Measurements

        1. 3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 3.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 3.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 3.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 3.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

      4. 4. Measuring device

        1. 4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 4.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 4.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

    6. ANNEX VI

      SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VEHICLES HAVING A CAPACITY NOT EXCEEDING 22 PASSENGERS

      1. 1.1. Minimum dimensions for exits

        1. 1.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      2. 1.2. Siting of exits

        1. 1.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 1.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 1.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 1.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

    7. ANNEX VII

      REQUIREMENTS FOR TECHNICAL DEVICES FACILITATING ACCESS FOR PASSENGERS WITH REDUCED MOBILITY

      1. 1. GENERAL

      2. 2. SCOPE

      3. 3. REQUIREMENTS

        1. 3.1. Steps

        2. 3.2. Priority seats and space for passengers with reduced mobility

          1. 3.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 3.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 3.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          5. 3.2.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

          6. 3.2.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

          7. 3.2.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 3.3. Communication devices

          1. 3.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 3.3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 3.3.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 3.4. Pictograms

          1. 3.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        5. 3.5. Floor slope

        6. 3.6. Wheelchair accommodation provisions

          1. 3.6.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.6.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 3.6.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 3.6.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        7. 3.7. Seats in the wheelchair space

          1. 3.7.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.7.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 3.7.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        8. 3.8. Stability of wheelchairs

          1. 3.8.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 3.8.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 3.8.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.8.1.2.1. In forward direction in the case of a separate wheelchair...

                1. 3.8.1.2.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 3.8.1.2.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.8.1.2.2. In forward direction in the case of a combined wheelchair...

                1. 3.8.1.2.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 3.8.1.2.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 3.8.1.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.8.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 3.8.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 3.8.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 3.8.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 3.8.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.8.2.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.8.2.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 3.8.2.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.8.2.5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.8.2.5.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            6. 3.8.2.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.8.2.6.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.8.2.6.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 3.8.2.6.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 3.8.2.6.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

              5. 3.8.2.6.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

              6. 3.8.2.6.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

              7. 3.8.2.6.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

            7. 3.8.2.7. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.8.2.7.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 3.8.2.7.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 3.8.2.7.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.8.2.7.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 3.8.2.7.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 3.8.2.7.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 3.8.2.7.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            8. 3.8.2.8. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.8.2.8.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 3.8.2.8.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 3.8.2.8.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                3. 3.8.2.8.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

                4. 3.8.2.8.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

                5. 3.8.2.8.1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.8.2.8.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 3.8.2.8.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 3.8.2.8.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 3.8.2.8.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 3.8.2.8.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

                1. 3.8.2.8.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

                2. 3.8.2.8.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            9. 3.8.2.9. . . . . . . . . . ....

            10. 3.8.2.10. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.8.2.10.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.8.2.10.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 3.8.2.10.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 3.8.2.10.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            11. 3.8.2.11. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 3.8.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        9. 3.9. Door controls

          1. 3.9.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        10. 3.10. Lighting

          1. 3.10.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        11. 3.11. Provisions for boarding aids

          1. 3.11.1. General requirements

            1. 3.11.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 3.11.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 3.11.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 3.11.2. Kneeling system

            1. 3.11.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 3.11.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 3.11.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 3.11.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 3.11.3. Lift

            1. 3.11.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.11.3.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.11.3.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 3.11.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.11.3.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.11.3.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 3.11.3.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 3.11.3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.11.3.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.11.3.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 3.11.3.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.11.3.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.11.3.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 3.11.4. Ramp

            1. 3.11.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.11.4.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.11.4.1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 3.11.4.1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 3.11.4.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

              5. 3.11.4.1.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 3.11.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.11.4.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            3. 3.11.4.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.11.4.3.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.11.4.3.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

              3. 3.11.4.3.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

              4. 3.11.4.3.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

            4. 3.11.4.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.11.4.4.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

              2. 3.11.4.4.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            5. 3.11.4.5. . . . . . . . . . ....

              1. 3.11.4.5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

    8. ANNEX VIII

      SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR DOUBLE-DECK VEHICLES

      1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      2. 7.4.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      3. 7.5.5. Fire extinguishers and first-aid equipment

        1. 7.5.5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      4. 7.6. Exits

        1. 7.6.1. Number of exits

          1. 7.6.1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.6.1.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.6.1.11. . . . . . . . . . ....

          4. 7.6.1.12. . . . . . . . . . ....

          5. 7.6.1.13. . . . . . . . . . ....

          6. 7.6.1.14. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 7.6.2. Siting of exits

          1. 7.6.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.6.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.6.2.4. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 7.6.4. Technical requirements for all service doors

          1. 7.6.4.6. . . . . . . . . . ....

        4. 7.6.7. Technical requirements for emergency doors

          1. 7.6.7.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

      5. 7.7.5. Gangways (see figure 1)

        1. 7.7.5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 7.7.5.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 7.7.5.10 . . . . . . . . . ....

      6. 7.7.7. Steps

        1. 7.7.7.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      7. 7.7.8.6. Free height over seating positions

        1. 7.7.8.6.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

      8. 7.7.12 Intercommunication staircase (see Annex III, figure 1)

        1. 7.7.12.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 7.7.12.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          1. 7.7.12.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.7.12.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

          3. 7.7.12.2.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 7.7.12.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

      9. 7.11. Handrails and handholds

        1. 7.11.5. Handrails and handholds for intercommunication staircases

          1. 7.11.5.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

          2. 7.11.5.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

            1. 7.11.5.2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

            2. 7.11.5.2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

      10. 7.14. Guarding of stepwells and exposed seats

        1. 7.14.2 . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 7.14.3 . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 7.14.4 . . . . . . . . . ....

      11. Appendix

    9. ANNEX IX

      EC TYPE-APPROVAL FOR A SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT AND EC TYPE-APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE FITTED WITH A BODYWORK ALREADY APPROVED AS A SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT

      1. 1. Separate technical unit type-approval

        1. 1.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 1.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

        3. 1.3. . . . . . . . . . ....

      2. 2. EC type-approval of a vehicle fitted with a bodywork already...

        1. 2.1. . . . . . . . . . ....

        2. 2.2. . . . . . . . . . ....

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