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Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 1998 relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC

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Changes over time for: ANNEX V

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[F1ANNEX V U.K.

Part A. Provisional estimated indirect land-use change emissions from biofuels (gCO 2eq /MJ) (1) U.K.

a

The mean values included here represent a weighted average of the individually modelled feedstock values.

b

The range included here reflects 90 % of the results using the fifth and ninety-fifth percentile values resulting from the analysis. The fifth percentile suggests a value below which 5 % of the observations were found (i.e. 5 % of total data used showed results below 8, 4, and 33 gCO 2eq /MJ). The ninety-fifth percentile suggests a value below which 95 % of the observations were found (i.e. 5 % of total data used showed results above 16, 17, and 66 gCO 2eq /MJ).

Feedstock group Mean a Interpercentile range derived from the sensitivity analysis b
Cereals and other starch-rich crops 12 8 to 16
Sugars 13 4 to 17
Oil crops 55 33 to 66

Part B. Biofuels for which the estimated indirect land-use change emissions are considered to be zero U.K.

Biofuels produced from the following feedstock categories will be considered to have estimated indirect land-use change emissions of zero:

(1)

feedstocks which are not listed under Part A of this Annex.

(2)

feedstocks, the production of which has led to direct land-use change, i.e. a change from one of the following IPCC land cover categories; forest land, grassland, wetlands, settlements, or other land, to cropland or perennial cropland (2) . In such a case a direct land-use change emission value ( e l ) should have been calculated in accordance with paragraph 7 of Part C of Annex IV.]

(1)

[F1( + ) The mean values reported here represent a weighted average of the individually modelled feedstock values. The magnitude of the values in the Annex is sensitive to the range of assumptions (such as treatment of co-products, yield developments, carbon stocks and displacement of other commodities) used in the economic models developed for their estimation. Although it is therefore not possible to fully characterise the uncertainty range associated with such estimates, a sensitivity analysis conducted on the results based on a random variation of key parameters, a so-called Monte Carlo analysis, was conducted.

(2)

( ++ ) Perennial crops are defined as multi-annual crops, the stem of which is usually not annually harvested such as short rotation coppice and oil palm.

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