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Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 1998 relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC

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[F1A. Typical and default values for biofuels if produced with no net carbon emissions from land use change U.K.

a

Not including animal oil produced from animal by-products classified as category 3 material in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1774/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 October 2002 laying down health rules concerning animal by-products not intended for human consumption b

Biofuel production pathway Typical greenhouse gas emission saving Default greenhouse gas emission saving
Sugar beet ethanol 61 % 52 %
Wheat ethanol (process fuel not specified) 32 % 16 %
Wheat ethanol (lignite as process fuel in CHP plant) 32 % 16 %
Wheat ethanol (natural gas as process fuel in conventional boiler) 45 % 34 %
Wheat ethanol (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant) 53 % 47 %
Wheat ethanol (straw as process fuel in CHP plant) 69 % 69 %
Corn (maize) ethanol, Community produced (natural gas as process fuel in CHP plant) 56 % 49 %
Sugar cane ethanol 71 % 71 %
The part from renewable sources of ethyl-Tertio-butyl-ether (ETBE) Equal to that of the ethanol production Pathway used
The part from renewable sources of tertiary-amyl-ethyl-ether (TAEE) Equal to that of the ethanol production pathway used
Rape seed biodiesel 45 % 38 %
Sunflower biodiesel 58 % 51 %
Soybean biodiesel 40 % 31 %
Palm oil biodiesel (process not specified) 36 % 19 %
Palm oil biodiesel (process with methane capture at oil mill) 62 % 56 %
Waste vegetable or animal a oil biodiesel 88 % 83 %
Hydrotreated vegetable oil from rape seed 51 % 47 %
Hydrotreated vegetable oil from sunflower 65 % 62 %
Hydrotreated vegetable oil from palm oil (process not specified) 40 % 26 %
Hydrotreated vegetable oil from palm oil (process with methane capture at oil mill) 68 % 65 %
Pure vegetable oil from rape seed 58 % 57 %
Biogas from municipal organic waste as compressed natural gas 80 % 73 %
Biogas from wet manure as compressed natural gas 84 % 81 %
Biogas from dry manure as compressed natural gas 86 % 82 %

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