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European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/ECShow full title

European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste

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Changes over time for: ANNEX II

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ANNEX IIU.K.ESSENTAIL REQUIREMENTS ON THE COMPOSITION AND THE REUSABLE AND RECOVERABLE, INCLUDING RECYCLABLE, NATURE OF PACKAGING

1.Requirements specific to the manufacturing and composition of packagingU.K.

  • Packaging shall be so manufactured that the packaging volume and weight be limited to the minimum adequate amount to maintain the necessary level of safety, hygiene and acceptance for the packed product and for the consumer.

  • [F1Packaging shall be designed, produced and commercialised in such a way as to permit its reuse or recovery, including recycling, in line with the waste hierarchy, and to minimise its impact on the environment when packaging waste or residues from packaging waste management operations are disposed of.]

  • Packaging shall be so manufactured that the presence of noxious and other hazardous substances and materials as constituents of the packaging material or of any of the packaging components is minimized with regard to their presence in emissions, ash or leachate when packaging or residues from management operations or packaging waste are incinerated or landfilled.

2.Requirements specific to the reusable nature of packagingU.K.

The following requirements must be simultaneously satisfied:

  • the physical properties and characteristics of the packaging shall enable a number of trips or rotations in normally predictable conditions of use,

  • possiblity of processing the used packaging in order to meet health and safety requirements for the workforce,

  • fulfil the requirements specific to recoverable packaging when the packaging is no longer reused and thus becomes waste.

3.Requirements specific to the recoverable nature of packagingU.K.

(a)Packaging recoverable in the form of material recyclingU.K.

Packaging must be manufactured in such a way as to enable the recycling of a certain percentage by weight of the materials used into the manufacture of marketable products, in compliance with current standards in the Community. The establishment of this percentage may vary, depending on the type of material of which the packaging is composed.

(b)Packaging recoverable in the form of energy recoveryU.K.

Packaging waste processed for the purpose of energy recovery shall have a minimum inferior calorific value to allow optimization of energy recovery.

[F1(c) Packaging recoverable in the form of composting U.K.

Packaging waste processed for the purpose of composting shall be of such a biodegradable nature that it does not hinder the separate collection and the composting process or activity into which it is introduced.

(d) Biodegradable packaging U.K.

Biodegradable packaging waste shall be of such a nature that it is capable of undergoing physical, chemical, thermal or biological decomposition such that most of the finished compost ultimately decomposes into carbon dioxide, biomass and water. Oxo-degradable plastic packaging shall not be considered as biodegradable.]

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