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Council Directive of 20 December 1979 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to units of measurement and on the repeal of Directive 71/354/EEC (80/181/EEC)

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Changes over time for: Council Directive of 20 December 1979 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to units of measurement and on the repeal of Directive 71/354/EEC (80/181/EEC) (Annexes only)

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[X1ANNEX U.K.+E.U.

CHAPTER I U.K.+E.U. LEGAL UNITS OF MEASUREMENT REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 1 (a)

1. SI UNITS AND THEIR DECIMAL MULTIPLES AND SUBMULTIPLES U.K.+E.U.

1.1. SI base units U.K.+E.U.
Quantity Unit
Name Symbol
Length metre m
Mass kilogram kg
Time second s
Electric current ampere A
Thermodynamic temperature kelvin K
Amount of substance mole mol
Luminous intensity candela cd
Definitions of SI base units: U.K.+E.U.
[F1Unit of length U.K.+E.U.

A metre is the length of the path travelled in a vacuum by light during 1/ 299 792 458 seconds.

(Seventeenth CGPM (1983), Resolution 1).]

Unit of mass U.K.+E.U.

The kilogram is the unit of mass; it is equal to the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram.

(Third CGPM (1901), page 70 of the conference report).

Unit of time U.K.+E.U.

The second is the duration of 9 192 631 770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between the two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium-133 atom.

(Thirteenth CGPM (1967), resolution 1).

Unit of electric current U.K.+E.U.

The ampere is that constant current, which if maintained in two straight parallel conductors of infinite length, of negligible circular cross-section, and placed one metre apart in vacuum, would produce between those conductors a force equal to 2 × 10 -7 newton per metre of length.

(CIPM (1946), resolution 2, approved by the ninth CGPM (1948)).

[F2Unit of thermodynamic temperature U.K.+E.U.

The kelvin, unit of thermodynamic temperature, is the fraction 1/273,16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water.

This definition refers to water having the isotopic composition defined by the following amount-of-substance ratios: 0,00015576 mole of  2 H per mole of  1 H, 0,0003799 mole of 17 O per mole of 16 O and 0,0020052 mole of 18 O per mole of  16 O.

(Thirteenth CGPM (1967), resolution 4 and Twenty-third CGPM (2007), resolution 10)]

Unit of amount of substance U.K.+E.U.
(1)

The mole is the amount of substance of a system which contains as many elementary entities as there are atoms in 0·012 kilogram of carbon 12.

(2)

When the mole is used, the elementary entities must be specified and may be atoms, molecules, ions, electrons, other particles, or specified groups of such particles.

(Fourteenth CGPM (1971), resolution 3).

Unit of luminous intensity U.K.+E.U.

The candela is the luminous intensity, in a given direction, of a source that emits monochromatic radiation of frequency of 540 × 10 12 hertz and that has a radiant intensity in that direction of (1/683) watt per steradian.

(Sixteenth CGPM (1979), resolution 3).

1.1.1. [F2Special name and symbol of the SI derived unit of temperature for expressing Celsius temperature] U.K.+E.U.
Quantity Unit
Name Symbol
Celsius temperature degree Celsius °C

[F3Celsius temperature [X2t] is defined as the difference [X2t = T - T 0] between the two thermodynamic temperatures [X2T] and [X2T 0 where T 0]  = 273,15 K. An interval or difference of temperature may be expressed either in kelvins or in degrees Celsius. The unit degree Celsius is equal to the unit kelvin .]

[F21.2. SI derived units] U.K.+E.U.
F41.2.1.SI supplementary unitsU.K.+E.U.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F21.2.2. General rule for SI derived units U.K.+E.U.

Units derived coherently from SI base units are given as algebraic expressions in the form of products of powers of the SI base units with a numerical factor equal to 1.

1.2.3. SI derived units with special names and symbols U.K.+E.U.
a

Special names for the unit of power: the name volt–ampere (symbol VA ) when it is used to express the apparent power of alternating electric current, and var (symbol var ) when it is used to express reactive electric power. The var is not included in GCPM resolutions.

Quantity Unit Expression
Name Symbol In terms of other SI units In terms of SI base units
Plane angle radian rad m · m –1
Solid angle steradian sr m 2 · m –2
Frequency hertz Hz s –1
Force newton N m · kg · s –2
Pressure, stress pascal Pa N · m –2 m –1 · kg · s –2
Energy, work; quantity of heat joule J N · m m 2 · kg · s –2
Power a , radiant flux watt W J · s –1 m 2 · kg · s –3
Quantity of electricity, electric charge coulomb C s · A
Electric potential, potential difference, electromotive force volt V W · A –1 m 2 · kg · s –3 · A –1
Electric resistance ohm Ω V · A –1 m 2 · kg · s –3 · A –2
Conductance siemens S A · V –1 m –2 · kg –1 · s 3 · A 2
Capacitance farad F C · V –1 m –2 · kg –1 · s 4 · A 2
Magnetic flux weber Wb V · s m 2 · kg · s –2 · A –1
Magnetic flux density tesla T Wb · m –2 kg · s –2 · A –1
Inductance henry H Wb · A –1 m 2 · kg · s –2 · A –2
Luminous flux lumen lm cd · sr cd
Illuminance lux lx lm · m –2 m –2 · cd
Activity (of a radionuclide) becquerel Bq s –1
Absorbed dose, specific energy imparted, kerma, absorbed dose index gray Gy J · kg –1 m 2 · s –2
Dose equivalent sievert Sv J · kg –1 m 2 · s –2
Catalytic activity katal kat mol · s –1

Units derived from SI base units may be expressed in terms of the units listed in Chapter I.

In particular, derived SI units may be expressed by the special names and symbols given in the above table; for example, the SI unit of dynamic viscosity may be expressed as m –1 · kg · s –1 or N · s · m –2 or Pa · s.]

1.3. Prefixes and their symbols used to designate certain decimal multiples and submultiples U.K.+E.U.
[F3Factor Prefix Symbol
10 24 yotta Y
10 21 zetta Z
10 18 exa E
10 15 peta P
10 12 tera T
10 9 giga G
10 6 mega M
10 3 kilo [X3k]
10 2 hecto [X3h]
10 1 deca da
10 -1 deci d
10 -2 centi c
10 -3 milli m
10 -6 micro μ
10 -9 nano n
10 -12 pico p
10 -15 femto f
10 -18 atto a
10 -21 zepto z
10 -24 yocto y]

The names and symbols of the decimal multiples and submultiples of the unit of mass are formed by attaching prefixes to the word gram and their symbols to the symbol g .

Where a derived unit is expressed as a fraction, its decimal multiples and submultiples may be designated by attaching a prefix to units in the numerator or the denominator, or in both these parts.

Compound prefixes, that is to say prefixes formed by the juxtaposition of several of the above prefixes, may not be used.

1.4. Special authorized names and symbols of decimal multiples and submultiples of SI units U.K.+E.U.
a

The two symbols I and L may be used for the litre unit.

(Sixteenth CGPM (1979), resolution 6).

b

Unit listed in the International Bureau of Weights and Measures booklet as among the units to be permitted temporarily.

Quantity Unit
Name Symbol Value
Volume litre 1 or L a 1 l = 1 dm 3 = 10 -3 m 3
Mass tonne t 1 t = 1 Mg = 10 3 kg
Pressure, stress bar bar b 1 bar = 10 5 Pa
Note: U.K.+E.U.

The prefixes and their symbols listed in 1.3 may be used in conjunction with the units and symbols contained in Table 1.4. U.K.+E.U.

2. UNITS WHICH ARE DEFINED ON THE BASIS OF SI UNITS BUT ARE NOT DECIMAL MULTIPLES OR SUBMULTIPLES THEREOF U.K.+E.U.

a

The character (*) after a unit name or symbol indicates that it does not appear in the lists drawn up by the CGPM, CIPM o BIPM. This applies to the whole of this Annex.

b

No international symbol exists.

Quantity Unit
Name Symbol Value
Plane angle revolution* a b 1 revolution = 2 π rad
grade* or gon* gon*
degree °
minute of angle
second of angle
Time minute min 1 min = 60 s
hour h 1 h = 3 600 s
day d 1 d = 86 400 s
Note: U.K.+E.U.

The prefixes listed in 1.3 may only be used in conjunction with the names grade or gon and the symbol gon . U.K.+E.U.

[F33. UNITS USED WITH THE SI, WHOSE VALUES IN SI ARE OBTAINED EXPERIMENTALLY U.K.+E.U.

Note:

The prefixes and their symbols listed in 1.3 may be used in conjunction with these two units and with their symbols.]

Quantity Unit
Name Symbol Definition
Energy Electronvolt eV The electron volt is the kinetic energy acquired by an electron in passing through a potential difference of 1 volt in vaccum
Mass Unified atomic mass unit u The unified atomic mass units is equal to 1/12 of the mass of an atom of the nuclide 12 C.

4. UNITS AND NAMES OF UNITS PERMITTED IN SPECIALIZED FIELDS ONLY U.K.+E.U.

Quantity Unit
Name Symbol Value
Vergency of optical systems dioptre* 1 dioptre = 1 m -1
Mass of precious stones metric carat 1 metric carat = 2 × 10 -4 kg
Area of farmland and building land are a 1 a = 10 2 m 2
Mass per unit length of textile yarns and threads tex* tex* 1 tex = 10 -6 kg · m -1
Blood pressure and pressure of other body fluids Millimetre of mercury mm Hg(*) 1 mm Hg = 133,322 Pa
Effective cross-sectional area Barn b 1 b = 10 -28 m 2
Note: U.K.+E.U.

[F1The prefixes and their symbols listed in 1.3 may be used in conjunction with the above units and symbols, with the exception of the millimetre of mercury and its symbol. The multiple of 10 2 a is, however, called a hectare .] U.K.+E.U.

5. COMPOUND UNITS U.K.+E.U.

Combinations of the units listed in Chapter I form compound units.

[F5CHAPTER II U.K.+E.U. LEGAL UNITS OF MEASUREMENT REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 1 (b), PERMITTED FOR SPECIFIC USES ONLY

Field of application Unit
Name Approximate value Symbol
Road traffic signs, distance and speed measurement mile 1 mile = 1 609  m mile
yard 1 yd = 0,9144 m yd
foot 1 ft = 0,3048 m ft
inch 1 in = 2,54 × 10 -2 m in
Dispense of draught beer and cider; milk in returnable containers pint 1 pt = 0,5683 × 10 -3 m 3 pt
[ F4 ]
Transaction in precious metals troy ounce 1 oz tr = 31,10 × 10 -3  kg oz tr

[F2The units listed in this Chapter may be combined with each other or with those in Chapter I to form compound units.] ]

CHAPTER III U.K.+E.U. LEGAL UNITS OF MEASUREMENT REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 1 (c)

QUANTITIES, NAMES OF UNITS, SYMBOLS AND APPROXIMATE VALUES

a

[ F6 ]

Length
inch 1 in = 2·54 × 10 -2 m
foot 1 ft = 0·3048 m
[ F6 ]
mile 1 mile = 1 609 m
yard 1 yard = 0·9144 m
Area
square foot 1 sq ft = 0·929 × 10 -1 m 2
acre 1 ac = 4 047 m 2
square yard 1 sq yd = 0·8361 m 2
Volume
fluid ounce 1 fl oz = 28·41 × 10 -6 m 3
gill 1 gill = 0·1421 × 10 -3 m 3
pint 1 pt = 0·5683 × 10 -3 m 3
quart 1 qt = 1·137 × 10 -3 m 3
gallon 1 gal = 4·546 × 10 -3 m 3
Mass
ounce (avoirdupois) 1 oz = 28·35 × 10 -3 kg
troy ounce 1 oz tr = 31·10 × 10 -3 kg
pound 1 lb = 0·4536 kg
Energy
therm 1 therm = 105·506 × 10 6 J

Until the date to be fixed under Article 1 (c), the units listed in Chapter III may be combined with each other or with those in Chapter I to form compound units.]

[F7CHAPTER IV U.K.+E.U. LEGAL UNITS OF MEASUREMENT REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE I (d), PERMITTED IN SPECIALIZED FIELDS ONLY

Field of application Unit
Name Approximate value Symbol
Marine navigation fathom 1 fm = 1,829 m fm
Beer, cider, waters, lemonades and fruit juices in returnable containers pint 1 pt = 0,5683 × 10 -3 m 3 pt
fluid ounce 1 fl oz = 28,41 × 10 -6 m 3 fl. oz
Spirit drinks gill 1 gill = 0,142 × 10 -3 m 3 gill
Goods sold loose in bulk

ounce

(avoir dupois)

1 oz = 28,35 × 10 -3  kg oz
pound 1 lb = 0,4536 kg lb
Gas supply therm 1 therm = 105,506 × 10 6 J therm

Until the date to be fixed under Article 1 (d), the units listed in this Chapter may be combined with each other or with those in Chapter I to form compound units.]

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