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Council Decision 2012/423/CFSPShow full title

Council Decision 2012/423/CFSP of 23 July 2012 in support of ballistic missile non-proliferation in the framework of the implementation of the EU Strategy against Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and of the Council Common Position 2003/805/CFSP

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2.DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECTU.K.+E.U.

2.1. Project 1: Support to the HCoC U.K.+E.U.

2.1.1. Objective of the project U.K.+E.U.

The Code represents an important instrument for curbing the proliferation of ballistic missiles and related technologies through confidence-building and transparency measures. However, more needs to be done to support it, in particular with the aim of:

  • promoting the universality of the Code, and in particular the subscription to the Code by all States with ballistic missile capabilities;

  • supporting the implementation of the Code in all its aspects;

  • reinforce the visibility of the Code, in particular on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of its signature.

2.1.2. Description of the project U.K.+E.U.

The project provides for three types of activities:

(a)

the preparation and publication of a "welcome package" printed booklet and a CD or USB stick for outreach activities towards non-subscribing States, also recalling obligations for subscribing States. It will also be available online, covering all the necessary information about the Code and the relevant points of contact.

(b)

Supporting the HCoC secure Internet-based information and communication mechanism ("electronic Immediate Central Contact" – e-ICC), including through technical enhancement of the website in close cooperation with the Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

(c)

Organising of an event for the 10th anniversary of the HCoC. The implementing agency will provide financial support to activities to mark this anniversary. This will primarily take the form of an international conference to be organised during winter 2012-2013 possibly in the Hague, New York or Vienna (to be determined by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (HR) in close consultation with Member States in the framework of the competent Council Working Party).

2.1.3. Expected results of the project U.K.+E.U.
  • Use of the "welcome package" by the HCoC chair, the Austrian Secretariat ("Immediate Central Contact" – ICC), the Union and other partners as necessary in their outreach activities.

  • Wide distribution of the "welcome package" during the various events.

  • Further developing and upgrading the dedicated HCoC website.

  • Raising the international profile of the HCoC by organising an international event on its tenth anniversary.

2.1.4. Beneficiaries of the project U.K.+E.U.

The beneficiaries of the project are both States subscribing to the HCoC and non-subscribing States.

2.2. Project 2: Support To Ballistic Missile Non-Proliferation U.K.+E.U.

2.2.1. Purpose of the project U.K.+E.U.

Beyond the HCoC, the continued proliferation of ballistic missiles capable of delivering WMD constitutes a cause of growing concern for the international community, in particular ongoing missiles programmes in the Middle-East, North-East Asia and South Asia, including Iran and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

More generally, the project will support a range of activities to fight against the proliferation of ballistic missiles, aimed in particular at raising awareness of the threat, stepping up efforts to increase the effectiveness of multilateral instruments, building up support to initiatives to address those specific challenges and helping interested countries to reinforce nationally their relevant export control regimes.

2.2.2. Description of the project U.K.+E.U.

The project provides for three types of measures:

(a)

The publication of food-for-thought papers. Possible subjects could include:

  • legally-binding measures on short-range and intermediate range ground-to-ground ballistic missiles;

  • further multilateral steps to prevent the threat of missile proliferation and to promote disarmament efforts in the field of ballistic missile, focusing in particular on possible confidence-building measures;

  • export and transit control mechanisms.

(b)

The organisation of three awareness-building sessions about dual-use technology and knowledge transfer issues in order to prevent them in the field of ballistic missiles. The sessions will allow considering both trends in the technology transfer for ballistic missiles and what could be promoted to prevent it at an early stage. To this end, FRS will organise three workshops for experts from scientific, space and industry communities of HCoC subscribing and non-subscribing States.

(c)

Targeted expert missions outside the Union. In coordination with the European Union Centres of Excellence, two experts on ballistic missile non-proliferation will conduct field missions in targeted countries. Possible destinations could include, but are not limited to, Malaysia, the United Arab Emirates, China, Algeria, South Africa, India, Brazil, Thailand and Mexico. The final list of countries will be defined in close cooperation with the EEAS, as well as the opportunity of joint demarches with UN 1540 Committee outreach efforts.

2.2.3. Expected results of the project U.K.+E.U.
  • Fostering missile non-proliferation;

  • Promoting multilateral efforts curbing missile proliferation including the HCoC;

  • Encouraging the debate on new initiatives aimed at curbing missile proliferation;

  • Raising awareness about dual-use technology and knowledge transfer issues in order to prevent them in the field of ballistic missiles through awareness-building sessions.

2.2.4. Project beneficiaries U.K.+E.U.

The Union and the Member States will benefit from the food-for-thought papers; wider distribution will be decided by the HR in close consultation with Member States in the framework of the competent Council Working Party. The final Decision will be based on proposals by the implementing entity in accordance with Article 2(2).

Awareness-building sessions will be an opportunity to engage the wider community of experts on space and missile issues by holding sessions for representatives of the industry, of the research community, and beyond.

Targeted expert missions will focus on key non-subscribing States or on regional players with an important role in technological transfers and space related activities.

2.3. Project 3: Organise Outreach events on HCoC and Ballistic Missile Non-Proliferation U.K.+E.U.

2.3.1. Purpose of the project U.K.+E.U.

This project will raise awareness of both missile non-proliferation and the HCoC by organising several events aimed at engaging non-subscribing States. To this end, events will be organised in Vienna, Geneva and New York to engage the UN delegations in the margins of relevant events.

2.3.2. Project description U.K.+E.U.

The project will provide for two types of events:

(a)

Financing of six outreach events in support of both the HCoC and ballistic missile non-proliferation that will take place in three cities:

  • in New York, in the margins of the UN General Assembly First Committee or of the non-Proliferation Treaty Preparatory Committees;

  • in Geneva, in the margins of the Conference on Disarmament;

  • in Vienna, in the margins of the HCoC, COPUOS or other relevant activities of the UN in Vienna.

Those events could take different forms:

  • seminars gathering up to 80 participants from UN missions in New York, Geneva and Vienna around a selected group of speakers and European Union officials;

  • closed lunches or dinners aimed at engaging senior officials from selected countries around an EU senior representative and experts.

To this end, the implementing entity will propose for each event to the HR a list of countries, some of which will be non-subscribing States. This will allow convening senior representatives that deal with non-proliferation issues.

(b)

Financing of three regional outreach seminars that could take place in Latin America (e.g. Chile, Mexico, Argentina, or Brazil), the Middle East (e.g. the Gulf countries, UAE or Jordan), and Asia (e.g. Singapore or Vietnam).The choice of the location will be made in agreement with the HR, in close consultation with Member States in the framework of the competent Council Working Party. The seminar will be dedicated to trends in missile proliferation and a focus on regional issues and will address the HCoC and practical information about being a subscribing state.

2.3.3. Expected results of the project U.K.+E.U.
  • Raising awareness of missile proliferation trends and more particularly on the Code of Conduct against ballistic missile proliferation (HCoC) with regard to non-subscribing States and promoting discussions on further efforts to promote missile non-proliferation;

  • Fostering debate within and outside the Union on future initiatives;

  • Raising the profile of missile proliferation as a strategic challenge.

2.3.4. Beneficiaries of the project U.K.+E.U.

The main focus of these events will be non-subscribing States, although subscribing States might be associated with some events for policy reasons. Participants should be primarily governmental experts and senior officials.

The final choice of the beneficiary States will be made in consultation between the implementing entity and the HR in close consultation with Member States in the framework of the competent Council Working Party. The final Decision will be based on proposals by the implementing entity in accordance with Article 2(2).

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