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Council Decision 2012/422/CFSPShow full title

Council Decision 2012/422/CFSP of 23 July 2012 in support of a process leading to the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East

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ANNEXU.K.+E.U. Projects in support of a process leading to the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East

1.OBJECTIVESU.K.+E.U.

In the Barcelona Declaration adopted at the Euro-Mediterranean Conference of 27-28 November 1995, the Union and its Mediterranean Partners agreed to pursue an effectively verifiable Middle East zone free of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their delivery systems. In 2008, the Joint Declaration of the Paris Summit for the Mediterranean confirmed the Union's readiness to consider and work out practical steps to prepare the proper ground for full implementation of the NPT Review Conference's 1995 Resolution on the Middle East (the 1995 Resolution) and the creation of such a zone. Such practical steps were first examined during the EU Seminar on 'Middle East Security, WMD Non-Proliferation and Disarmament', held in Paris in June 2008, and were subsequently identified in the EU Seminar to 'promote confidence building and in support of a process aimed at establishing a zone free of WMD and means of delivery in the Middle East', held in Brussels in July 2011.

In the Union's view, practical steps should, inter alia, promote universal adherence to and compliance with all multilateral agreements and instruments in the field of non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament, such as the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the Chemical Weapons Convention, the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty and the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation as well as the IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol. The start of negotiations on a Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty would be another crucial step in this context. Such steps could constitute an important regional confidence-building measure with a view to the establishment of a verifiable zone free of WMD and their delivery systems.

The Union wishes to continue and intensify political and security dialogue among the relevant partners of the Union for the Mediterranean and all other countries in the Middle East on issues related to the establishment of a zone free of WMD. The European Union believes that elaboration and implementation of concrete confidence-building measures could facilitate progress towards a zone free of WMD.

Against the background of increasing interest in the development of peaceful uses of nuclear energy in the region, efforts should also be carried out in order to ensure that the development of peaceful uses take place in accordance with the best safety, security and non-proliferation standards. The Union continues to support the decisions and the resolution on the Middle East adopted at the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference as well as the Final Documents of the 2000 NPT Review Conference and of the 2010 NPT Review Conference. The 2010 NPT Review Conference endorsed several practical steps, which include, inter alia, the convening of a 2012 Conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction as well as consideration of all offers aimed at supporting the implementation of the 1995 Resolution.

Following the success of the EU seminar of July 2011, the Union believes that these objectives could be furthered through another seminar in support of the 2012 Conference.

The Union wishes to support the above-mentioned objectives, as follows:

  • through the organisation of a follow-up seminar to be held before the 2012 Conference;

  • through providing means for the preparation of background policy papers commissioned to experts from the region and beyond in order to support the follow-up seminar;

  • through providing means for the creation of a dedicated page on the website of the EU Non-Proliferation Consortium (www.non-proliferation.eu);

  • through providing means for the participation of non-governmental experts from the Union, when necessary and in close coordination with the EEAS, to relevant official, non governmental and track-2 initiatives, such as the Amman Framework.

2.DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECTSU.K.+E.U.

2.1. Project 1: Seminar in support of a process leading to the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East prior to the 2012 Conference U.K.+E.U.

2.1.1 Purpose of the project U.K.+E.U.
(a)

to provide a follow-up event related to the EU seminar to 'promote a process aimed at establishing a zone free of WMD and means of delivery in the Middle East' which was held in Brussels on 6-7 July 2011 in the form of a general track-2 meeting, prior to the 2012 Conference;

(b)

to discuss issues related to regional security in the Middle East, including proliferation of WMD and their means of delivery and conventional issues;

(c)

to explore possible confidence-building measures to facilitate the process towards the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East;

(d)

to discuss possibilities to universalise and implement international non-proliferation and disarmament treaties and other instruments;

(e)

to explore perspectives for peaceful nuclear cooperation and related assistance activities.

2.1.2. Expected results of the project U.K.+E.U.
(a)

supporting the Facilitator of the 2012 Conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction in the run up to and the organisation of that event;

(b)

deepening dialogue and generate trust within civil society and governments in order to achieve further progress in support of a process leading to the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East;

(c)

increasing mutual understanding of issues affecting the regional security landscape, including proliferation of WMD and their means of delivery and conventional issues;

(d)

increasing the awareness, knowledge and understanding of practical steps required for the establishment of a Middle East zone free of WMD and their means of delivery;

(e)

contributing to efforts to universalise and implement international non-proliferation and disarmament treaties and other instruments;

(f)

facilitating international and regional cooperation on peaceful uses of nuclear energy in accordance with the best standards of nuclear safety, security and non-proliferation.

2.1.3. Description of the project U.K.+E.U.

The project provides for the organisation of one two days seminar, which will take place preferably in Brussels or in the Middle East Region. Participants will include representatives of relevant Union Institutions, Member States, all Middle East countries, nuclear weapon states, relevant international organisations and academic experts. Approximately 150 representatives are expected to participate.

Discussions will be led by academic experts. In view of the sensitivity of the topics to be addressed, discussions will be carried out under the Chatham House Rule to enable a more informal and open debate without identifying the source of information received at the meeting.

Invited participants and speakers (academics and non-Union officials) will have their costs covered: travel, accommodation and per diems. The Council Decision also provides financial means to cover all other costs, including conference facility, equipment, lunches, dinners, coffee breaks. The working language of the seminar will be English.

The EU Non-Proliferation Consortium, in close consultation with the representative of the HR and Member States, will invite participants to the seminar and prepares the agenda for the conference.

A report of the meetings will be prepared by the EU Non-Proliferation Consortium and sent to the representative of the HR and the Facilitator. The report may be shared with relevant bodies in the Union, all Middle East countries, other interested countries, and competent international organisations.

2.2. Project 2: Background papers U.K.+E.U.

2.2.1. Purpose of the project U.K.+E.U.
(a)

to provide up to twenty background papers on topics covered by the seminar in support of a process leading to the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East;

(b)

to provide tools to understand the regional security landscape, including proliferation of WMD and their means of delivery and conventional issues;

(c)

to identify possible confidence-building measures that could serve as practical steps towards the prospect of a Middle East zone free of WMD and their means of delivery;

(d)

to identify ways to achieve further progress in the universalisation and implementation of international non-proliferation and disarmament treaties and other instruments;

(e)

identify perspectives for peaceful nuclear cooperation in the context of countries' energy policy and needs.

2.2.2. Expected results of the project U.K.+E.U.
(a)

feeding ideas and suggestions to the seminar in support of a process of confidence building leading to the establishment of a zone free of WMD and their means of delivery in the Middle East and contribute to achieving a focused and structured discussion on all relevant issues;

(b)

increasing the awareness, knowledge and understanding within civil societies and governments of issues related to a zone free of WMD and their means of delivery and regional security in the Middle East;

(c)

providing political and/or operational policy options to governments and international organisations to facilitate the process towards the establishment of zone free of WMD and their means of delivery and regional security in the Middle East.

2.2.3. Description of the project U.K.+E.U.

The project provides for the preparation of up to twenty background papers of five to ten pages each. The background papers will be prepared or commissioned by the EU Non-Proliferation Consortium and do not necessarily represent the views of the Unions Institutions or the Member States. A call for papers aimed at encouraging the participation of experts from the region will be organised by the EU non-proliferation consortium.

The background papers will cover the topics discussed by the seminar in support of a process leading to the establishment of a zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. Every paper will frame political/and or operational policy options.

The background papers will be submitted to seminar participants, relevant bodies in the Union and the Member States, all Middle East countries, other interested countries, and competent international organisations. The background papers could be published on the website of the EU Non-Proliferation Consortium.

The background papers could be collected together in one volume for a single publication, after the seminar.

2.3. Project 3: Creation of a dedicated page on the website of the EU Non Proliferation Consortium of Think Tanks U.K.+E.U.

2.3.1. purpose of the project U.K.+E.U.
(a)

to encourage the discussion and the interaction between Government officials and civil society, NGOs and academia;

(b)

to establish a dedicated page where non-proliferation think tanks can share their independent views and analysis on the topics covered by the Seminar.

2.3.2. expected results of the project U.K.+E.U.

Facilitating the exchange of views and increase the contribution of civil society, NGOs and academia to the process of establishing of a zone free of WMD in the Middle East

2.3.3. description of the project U.K.+E.U.

The project provides for the preparation of a dedicated page to the meeting within the EU Non-Proliferation Consortium website. The dedicated page will allow the free download of all relevant documents, including documents prepared and published for the seminar and from independent think tanks who may wish to share their research results on the topics covered by the seminar.

2.4. Project 4: Participation of non-governmental experts from the Union, when necessary and in close coordination with the EEAS, in relevant official, non governmental and track-2 initiatives, such as the Amman Framework. Financing of relevant ad hoc thematic initiative U.K.+E.U.

2.4.1. purpose of the project U.K.+E.U.

To guarantee adequate participation and full representation of the Union experts, including through funding of thematic initiatives, in relevant official, non governmental and track-2 initiatives, international or regional in scope already launched (Amman Framework), or to be launched in the near future, with the aim to help the process towards the establishment of a zone free of WMD in the Middle East.

2.4.2. expected results of the project U.K.+E.U.

Gathering information and thematic publications, maintaining useful network and influencing positively the overall process towards the establishment of a zone free of WMD in the Middle East.

2.4.3. Project Description U.K.+E.U.

Supporting participation of non-governmental experts from the Union when Union officials do not attend relevant official, non governmental and track-2 initiatives, international or regional in scope.

3.DURATIONU.K.+E.U.

The total estimated duration of the implementation of the projects is 18 months.

4.BENEFICIARIESU.K.+E.U.

The beneficiaries of this project are:

(a)

countries in the Middle East;

(b)

other interested countries;

(c)

relevant international organisations;

(d)

civil society.

5.PROCEDURAL ASPECTS, COORDINATION AND THE STEERING COMMITTEEU.K.+E.U.

The Steering Committee will be composed of representatives of the HR and representatives of the Implementing Entity for each specific project. The Steering Committee will review the implementation of the Council Decision regularly, at least once every six months, including by the use of electronic means of communication.

6.IMPLEMENTING ENTITIESU.K.+E.U.

Technical implementation of the Council Decision will be entrusted to the EU Non-Proliferation Consortium.

The EU Non-Proliferation Consortium will perform its tasks under the responsibility of the HR. In carrying out its activities, it will cooperate with the HR, the EU Member States, other participating states, and international organisations as appropriate.

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