Chwilio Deddfwriaeth

The Infant Formula and Follow–on Formula Regulations 1995

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Regulations 8, 11 and 13(1)(f)

SCHEDULE 1ESSENTIAL COMPOSITION OF INFANT FORMULAE WHEN RECONSTITUTED AS INSTRUCTED BY THE MANUFACTURER(All values refer to the product ready for use)

Energy

MinimumMaximum
250 kJ315 kJ
(60 kcal/100 ml)(75 kcal/100 ml)

Proteins

2.  (Protein content=nitrogen content × 6.38) for cows' milk proteins.

(Protein content=nitrogen content × 6.25) for soya protein isolates.

(2.1) Formulae manufactured from unmodified cows' milk proteins

MinimumMaximum
  • The chemical index of the proteins present shall be equal to at least 80% of that of the reference protein (breast milk, as defined in Schedule 6); nevertheless, for calculation purposes, the concentrations of methionine and cystine may be added together.

  • The “chemical index” shall mean the lowest of the ratios between the quantity of each essential amino acid of the test protein and the quantity of each corresponding amino acid of the reference protein.

0.56 g/100 kJ0.7 g/100 kJ
(2.25 g/100 kcal)(3 g/100 kcal)

(2.2) Formulae manufactured from modified cows' milk proteins (alteration of the casein/ whey protein ratio)

MinimumMaximum
For an equal energy value, the formula must contain an available quantity of each essential and semi–essential amino acid at least equal to that contained in the reference protein (breast milk, as defined in Schedule 5).
0.45 g/100 kJ0.7 g/100 kJ
(1.8 g/100 kcal)(3 g/100 kcal)

(2.3) Formulae manufactured from soya protein isolates, alone or in a mixture with cows' milk proteins

MinimumMaximum
  • Only soya protein isolates may be used in manufacturing these formulae.

  • The chemical index shall be equal to at least 80% of that of the reference protein (breast milk, as defined in Schedule 6).

  • For an equal energy value the formula must contain an available quantity of methionine at least equal to that contained in the reference protein (breast milk, as defined in Schedule 5).

  • The L–carnitine content shall be at least equal to 1.8 μmoles/100 kJ (7.5 μmoles/100 kcal).

0.56 g/100 kJ0.7 g/100 kJ
(2.25 g/100 kcal)(3 g/100 kcal)

(2.4) In all cases,the addition of amino acids is permitted solely for the purpose of improving the nutritional value of the proteins, and only in the proportions necessary for that purpose.

Lipids

MinimumMaximum
0.8 g/100 kJ1.5 g/100 kJ
(3.3 g/100 kcal)(6.5 g/100 kcal)

(3.1) The use of the following substances is prohibited:

  • sesame seed oil;

  • cotton seed oil;

  • fats containing more than 8% trans isomers of fatty acids.

(3.2) Lauric acid

MinimumMaximum
15% of the total fat content

(3.3) Myristic acid

MinimumMaximum
15% of the total fat content

(3.4) Linoleic acid (in the form of glycerides=linoleates)

MinimumMaximum
70 mg/100 kJ285 mg/100 kJ
(300 mg/100 kcal)1200 mg/100 kcal)

Carbohydrates

MinimumMaximum
1.7 g/100 kJ3.4 g/100 kJ
(7 g/100 kcal)(14 g/100 kcal)

(4.1) Only the following carbohydrates may be used:

  • lactose;

  • maltose;

  • sucrose;

  • malto–dextrins;

  • glucose syrup or dried glucose syrup;

  • pre–cooked starch ) naturally free

  • gelatinised starch ) of gluten

(4.2) Lactose

MinimumMaximum
This provision does not apply to formulae in which soya proteins represent more than 50% of the total protein content.
0.85 g/100 kJ
(3.5 g/100 kcal)

(4.3) Sucrose

MinimumMaximum
20% of the total carbohydrate content

(4.4) Pre–cooked starch and/or gelatinised starch

MinimumMaximum
2 g/100 ml, and 30% of the total carbohydrate content

Mineral substances

5.—(5.1) Formulae manufactured from cows' milk proteins

per 100 kJper 100 kcal
MinimumMaximumMinimumMaximum
The calcium/phosphorus ratio shall not be less than 1.2 nor greater than 2.0.
Sodium(mg)5142060
Potassium(mg)153560145
Chloride(mg)122950125
Calcium(mg)1250
Phosphorus(mg)6222590
Magnesium(mg)1.23.6515
Iron(mg)(1)0.120.360.51.5
Zinc(mg)0.120.360.51.5
Copper(μg)4.8192080
Iodine(μg)1.25

(5.2) Formulae manufactured from soya proteins, alone or in a mixture with cows' milk proteins

  • All requirements of paragraph 5.1. are applicable except those concerning iron and zinc, which are as follows:

    per 100 kJper 100 kcal
    MinimumMaximumMinimumMaximum
    Iron(mg)0.250.512
    Zinc(mg)0.180.60.752.4

Vitamins

per 100 kJper 100 kcal
MinimumMaximumMinimumMaximum
Vitamin A(μg–RE)(2)144360180
Vitamin D(μg)(3)0.250.6512.5
Thiamin(μg)1040
Riboflavin(μg)1460
Nicotinamide(μg–NE)(4)60250
Pantothenic
acid(μg)70300
Vitamin B6(μg)935
Biotin(μg)0.41.5
Folic acid(μg)14
VitaminB12(μg)0.0250.1
Vitamin C(mg)1.98
Vitamin K(μg)14
Vitamin E(mg*–TE)(5)0.5/g of0.5/g of
polyunsaturated fatty acids expressed as linoleic acid but in no case less than 0.1 mg per 100 available kJpolyunsaturated fatty acids expressed as linoleic acid but in no case less than 0.5 mg per 100 available kcal
(1)

Limit applicable to formulae with added iron.

(2)

RE=all trans retinol equivalent.

(3)

In the form of cholecalciferol, of which 10 μg=400 i.u. of vitamin D.

(4)

NE=Niacin equivalent=mg nicotinic acid+mg tryptophan/60.

(5)

*–TE=d–*–tocopherol equivalent.

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