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Civil Imprisonment (Scotland) Act 1882

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Civil Imprisonment (Scotland) Act 1882

1882 CHAPTER 42 45 and 46 Vict

An Act to amend the Law relating to Civil Imprisonment in Scotland.

[18th August 1882]

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Act explained (E.W.S.)(5.4.1993) by Child Support Act 1991 (c. 48, SIF 20), s. 40(13); S.I. 1992/2644, art.2

Commencement Information

I1Act wholly in force at 1.10.1882 by s. 2 (now repealed)

1 Short title.E+W+S+N.I.

This Act may be cited for all purposes as the Civil Imprisonment (Scotland) Act 1882.

2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F1E+W+S+N.I.

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Amendments (Textual)

3 Imprisonment for alimentary debts.E+W+S+N.I.

No person shall, except as hereinafter provided, be apprehended or imprisoned on account of his failure to pay any sum or sums decerned for aliment.

4 Power to imprison for wilful failure to obey decree for alimentary debt. E+W+S+N.I.

Subject to the provisions herein-after contained, any [F2sheriff principal or sheriff] may commit to prison for a period not exceeding six weeks, or until payment of the sum or sums of aliment, and expenses of process decerned for, or such instalment or instalments thereof as the [F2sheriff principal or sheriff] may appoint, or until the creditor is otherwise satisfied, any person who wilfully fails to pay within the days of charge any sum or sums of aliment, together with the expenses of process, for which decree has been pronounced against him by any competent court; provided—

(1)That the warrant to commit to prison may be applied for by the creditor in the sum or sums decerned for without any concurrence:

(2)That the application shall be disposed of summarily, and without any written pleadings:

(3)That the failure to pay shall be presumed to have been wilful until the contrary is proved by the debtor; but that a warrant of imprisonment shall not be granted if it is proved to the satisfaction of the [F2sheriff principal or sheriff] that the debtor has not, since the commencement of the action in which the decree was pronounced, possessed or been able to earn the means of paying the sum or sums in respect of which he has made default, or such instalment or instalments thereof as the [F2sheriff principal or sheriff] shall consider reasonable:

(4)That a warrant of imprisonment may be granted of new, subject to the same provisions and conditions, at intervals of not less than six months, against the same person in respect of failure to pay the same sum or sums of aliment and expenses of process, if or in so far as still remaining due, or such instalment or instalments thereof as the [F2sheriff principal or sheriff] shall consider reasonable, or any sums afterwards accruing due under the decree, or such instalment or instalments thereof as the sheriff or sheriff substitute shall consider reasonable:

(5)That the imprisonment shall not to any extent operate as a satisfaction or extinction of the debt, or interfere with the creditor’s other rights and remedies for its recovery:

(6)That the creditor, upon whose application the warrant of imprisonment is granted, shall not be liable to aliment or to contribute to the aliment of the debtor while incarcerated under such warrant; but that the incarcerated debtor shall be subject to the enactments and rules as to maintenance, work, discipline, and otherwise applicable to the class of prisoners committed for contempt of court.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F2Words substituted by virtue of Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Act 1971 (c. 58), s. 4

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F35 Imprisonment for rates and assessments. E+W+S+N.I.

No person shall, on account of failure to pay rates and assessments, be imprisoned for a longer period than six weeks in all at the instance of the rating authority or authorities of any one parish, combination, district, county, or burgh, in respect of his failure to pay the rates and assessments due for any one year, without prejudice to any other civil rights and remedies competent to the rating authority.]

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Amendments (Textual)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6 “Rating authority” to be construed in accordance with Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (c. 65), s. 109(1)

6 Imprisonment in law burrows, &c.E+W+S+N.I.

In order to amend the law in regard to imprisonment in the process of law burrows, the following provisions shall have effect; (that is to say,)

(1)It shall not be competent to issue letters of law burrows under the signet in the Court of Session or Court of Justiciary:

(2)Upon an application for law burrows being presented, the [F4sheriff principal or sheriff] or justice of the peace shall immediately, and without taking the oath of the applicant, order the petition to be served upon the person complained against, and shall at the same time grant warrant to both parties to cite witnesses:

(3)At the diet of proof appointed, or at any adjourned diet, the application shall be disposed of summarily under the provisions of the Summary Jurisdiction Acts, and without any written pleadings or record of the evidence being kept, and expenses may be awarded against either party if and as it shall seem just:

(4)In every application for law burrows the parties shall be competent witnesses, and the [F4sheriff principal or sheriff], or justice of the peace, may grant the prayer of the petition upon the sworn testimony of one credible witness, although such witness may be a party:

(5)In the event of the [F4sheriff principal or sheriff], or justice of the peace, ordering caution to be found, the amount of caution shall be in his discretion:

(6)The [F4sheriff principal or sheriff], or justice of the peace, may, in the event of his ordering caution to be found, further order that the party complained against shall, failing his finding caution, be imprisoned for a period not exceeding six months, if the order be made by a [F4sheriff principal or sheriff], and not exceeding fourteen days, if the order be made by a justice of the peace:

(7)It shall be in the power of the [F4sheriff principal or sheriff], or justice of the peace, to order the party complained against to grant his own bond without caution for duly implementing the terms of the order, and failing such bond being granted within the time limited by the order, such order may farther direct that the party failing shall be imprisoned for such periods as aforesaid:

(8)The applicant shall not be bound to aliment or contribute to the aliment of the person complained against when incarcerated; but the person so incarcerated shall be subject to the enactments and rules as to maintenance, work, discipline, and otherwise applicable to the class of prisoners committed for contempt of court:

Provided always that except in so far as expressly altered by this section, nothing in this Act shall affect the existing law and practice in regard to the process of law burrows.

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Amendments (Textual)

F4Words substituted by virtue of Sheriff Courts (Scotland) Act 1971 (c. 58), s. 4

7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F5E+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F6E+W+S+N.I.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

9 Construction of Act.E+W+S+N.I.

This Act shall be read and construed together with the M1Debtors (Scotland) Act 1880, and the M2Bankruptcy and Cessio (Scotland) Act 1881.

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