Chwilio Deddfwriaeth

Limited Liability Partnerships Act 2000

A separate legal entity:

13.The limited liability partnership will be a separate legal entity with unlimited capacity. This means that an LLP can do anything that a natural person could do. It has the ability to enter into contracts and hold property, and will continue in existence in spite of any change in membership. The LLP’s existence as a separate legal entity makes it more closely akin to a company than to a partnership (except insofar as the internal relations are governed by agreement between the members – see paragraph 17 below). The underlying approach, therefore, was to draw on the principles enshrined in the legislative treatment of companies.

14.The LLP’s existence as a corporate entity means that the effect of the general law is different in comparison with a partnership. For example, it is anticipated that a third party will usually contract with the LLP itself rather than with an individual member of the LLP whereas, in general, a partner contracts as principal and on behalf of the other partners.

15.Should a partner be negligent in the work that he carries out for a client, there will generally be two possible causes of action against that partner: contract and tort. However, because the limited liability partnership will be a separate legal entity with which the client has contracted, only one action (the tort action) is potentially available against the member.

16.Should the courts consider the case of a negligent member of an LLP whose conduct has resulted in economic loss for his client, the courts’ decision cannot be forecast with certainty. But, recent case law(1) suggests that in deciding whether such a member was potentially liable to a client, the courts would have regard to various factors including whether the member of the LLP assumed personal responsibility for the advice, whether the client relied on the assumption of responsibility and whether such reliance was reasonable.

1

Williams & anor v (1) Natural Life Health Foods Ltd (2) Richard Mistlin (1998) 1 WLR 830

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