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Prospective

PART 4 SFelling

CHAPTER 1SOverview and key terms

21Overview of Part 4S

This Part is arranged as follows—

  • Chapter 2 sets out the offence of unauthorised felling,

  • Chapter 3 is about felling permission,

  • Chapter 4 is about felling directions,

  • Chapter 5 is about restocking directions,

  • Chapter 6 is about notices to comply,

  • Chapter 8 is about compliance,

  • Chapter 9 is about appeals against decisions relating to felling.

22Key terms in Part 4S

In this Part—

  • “felling” (and related expressions) includes intentionally killing a tree,

  • felling direction” means a direction given under section 34,

  • felling permission” means a permission granted under section 27,

  • registered notice to comply” means a notice registered under section 38,

  • registered remedial notice” means a notice registered under section 56,

  • remedial notice” means a notice given under section 54,

  • restocking direction” means a direction given under section 36,

  • temporary stop notice” means a notice given under section 45(2).

CHAPTER 2SOffence of unauthorised felling

23Offence of unauthorised fellingS

(1)A person commits an offence if the person fells a tree unless—

(a)the felling is exempt under section 24, or

(b)the felling is carried out in accordance with—

(i)a felling permission,

(ii)a felling direction,

(iii)a restocking direction,

(iv)a registered notice to comply,

(v)a remedial notice, or

(vi)a registered remedial notice.

(2)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(3)Where an offence under subsection (1) is committed in respect of more than one tree, the maximum fine under subsection (2) is to be determined as if the person had been convicted of a separate offence in respect of each tree.

24Unauthorised felling: exemptionsS

(1)Section 23 does not apply to felling carried out in accordance with provision made in regulations made by the Scottish Ministers.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may, in particular, provide that section 23 does not apply to—

(a)particular categories of person,

(b)particular places or activities,

(c)particular circumstances,

(d)trees of particular descriptions.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) may modify any enactment (including this Act).

CHAPTER 3SFelling permission

25Applications for felling permissionS

(1)A person mentioned in subsection (2) may apply to the Scottish Ministers for permission to fell a tree (a “felling permission”).

(2)Those persons are—

(a)an owner of the land on which the tree is located,

(b)with the written permission of an owner of the land, an occupier of that land.

(3)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make further provision about applications for felling permission.

(4)Regulations under subsection (3) may, in particular, include provision about—

(a)the way in which applications are to be made,

(b)the information to be provided in applications.

26False or misleading information in applications: offenceS

(1)A person commits an offence if the person knowingly or recklessly provides false or misleading information in an application for felling permission.

(2)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

27Decisions on applicationsS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may—

(a)grant an application for felling permission (with or without conditions), or

(b)refuse the application.

(2)In making a decision on the application, the Scottish Ministers must have regard to their duty to promote sustainable forest management.

(3)If the Scottish Ministers refuse the application, they must give reasons for the refusal.

(4)A condition on felling permission may, in particular, set out—

(a)how felling is to be carried out,

(b)when felling is to be carried out,

(c)persons who may carry out felling,

(d)steps that must be taken after felling is carried out (a “continuing condition”).

(5)A continuing condition on felling permission may, in particular, require persons to provide information to the Scottish Ministers.

(6)The Scottish Ministers may not impose conditions on felling permission if—

(a)the application relates to trees which are on land that is subject to a forestry dedication agreement, and

(b)the proposed felling is in accordance with a plan of operations for that land that has been approved by the Scottish Ministers.

(7)The Scottish Ministers may vary or revoke a condition imposed on felling permission.

(8)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make further provision about decisions on applications for felling permission.

(9)Regulations under subsection (8) may, in particular, include provision about—

(a)power for the Scottish Ministers to enter land on which a tree to which an application relates is located in order for them to make a decision in relation to the application,

(b)how decisions are to be notified,

(c)the imposition of conditions on felling permission,

(d)the information which continuing conditions may require,

(e)situations in which persons who have made an unsuccessful application for felling permission may be restricted from making a further application in relation to the same circumstances.

28Continuing conditions on felling permission: offenceS

(1)A person commits an offence if the person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with a continuing condition on felling permission granted to the person.

(2)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

29Variation of felling permissionS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may vary a felling permission—

(a)by agreement with the person to whom the felling permission was granted,

(b)if the Scottish Ministers have reason to believe that, to prevent or minimise harm to the environment or to any living thing—

(i)in a case where felling has not begun, felling should not begin,

(ii)in a case where felling has begun, felling should stop immediately.

(2)The Scottish Ministers must give a notice varying a felling permission under subsection (1)(b) to the person to whom the felling permission was granted.

(3)The notice must—

(a)set out the Scottish Ministers' reasons for making the variation,

(b)specify the effect of the variation on the felling permission, and

(c)specify the date on which the variation takes effect (which must not be earlier than the date on which the notice is given under subsection (2)).

30Suspension of felling permissionS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may suspend a felling permission if subsection (2) or (3) applies.

(2)This subsection applies if the Scottish Ministers have reason to believe—

(a)that a felling permission has not been complied with, is not being complied with or is likely not to be complied with,

(b)that that has resulted in, is resulting in, or is likely to result in, harm to the environment or to any living thing, and

(c)that, for the purpose of allowing the Scottish Ministers to investigate the circumstances mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b)—

(i)in a case where felling has not begun, felling should not begin,

(ii)in a case where felling has begun, felling should stop immediately.

(3)This subsection applies if the Scottish Ministers have reason to believe that, to prevent or minimise harm to the environment or to any living thing—

(a)in a case where felling has not begun, felling should not begin,

(b)in a case where felling has begun, felling should stop immediately.

(4)The Scottish Ministers must give a notice suspending a felling permission to the person to whom the felling permission was granted.

(5)The notice must—

(a)set out the Scottish Ministers' reasons for making the suspension,

(b)specify the effect of the suspension on the felling permission,

(c)specify the date on which the suspension takes effect (which must not be earlier than the date on which the notice is given under subsection (4)), and

(d)specify the period for which the suspension is to have effect.

31Revocation of felling permissionS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may revoke a felling permission if—

(a)the Scottish Ministers have reason to believe that, to prevent or minimise harm to the environment or to any living thing—

(i)in a case where felling has not begun, felling should not begin,

(ii)in a case where felling has begun, felling should stop immediately, and

(b)they consider that the harm cannot be prevented or minimised by the variation or suspension of the felling permission.

(2)The Scottish Ministers must give a notice revoking a felling permission to the person to whom the felling permission was granted.

(3)The notice must—

(a)set out the Scottish Ministers' reasons for making the revocation, and

(b)specify the date on which the revocation takes effect (which must not be earlier than the date on which the notice is given under subsection (2)).

32Compensation for refusal of felling permissionS

(1)If the Scottish Ministers refuse an application for felling permission, a person who suffers loss as a result of the refusal is entitled to compensation in accordance with provision made in regulations made by the Scottish Ministers.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may, in particular, include provision about—

(a)persons who are entitled to compensation,

(b)the procedure for applying for compensation,

(c)the information to be provided in applications,

(d)the way in which the amount of compensation is to be determined,

(e)the way in which any disputes about compensation are to be determined,

(f)appeals about decisions relating to compensation.

33Felling of trees subject to tree preservation ordersS

(1)If an application for felling permission relates to a tree that is covered by a tree preservation order, the Scottish Ministers may—

(a)after complying with subsection (2), decide whether to grant permission, or

(b)if consent under the order is required for the felling of the tree, refer the application to the planning authority that made the order.

(2)The Scottish Ministers must—

(a)consult the planning authority that made the order, and

(b)have regard to any representations made by that planning authority.

(3)Where an application is referred to a planning authority, the provisions of the order and any provisions of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997 relating to the order apply as if the application were an application to the planning authority for consent to fell the tree under the order.

(4)Section 23 (offence of unauthorised felling) does not apply to felling where—

(a)an application has been referred under subsection (1)(b),

(b)the planning authority has consented to the felling, and

(c)the felling is carried out in accordance with the consent.

(5)Felling of a tree that is covered by a tree preservation order is not a breach of the order if the felling is carried out in accordance with—

(a)a felling permission,

(b)a felling direction,

(c)a restocking direction,

(d)a registered notice to comply,

(e)a remedial notice, or

(f)a registered remedial notice.

(6)In this section and section 34, a tree is covered by a tree preservation order if the tree—

(a)is subject to a tree preservation order, or

(b)forms part of a group of trees or woodland that is subject to a tree preservation order.

(7)A “tree preservation order” means an order made or having effect as if made under section 160 of the Town and Country Planning (Scotland) Act 1997.

CHAPTER 4SFelling directions

34Felling directionsS

(1)Subsection (2) applies if it appears to the Scottish Ministers that felling of trees is required—

(a)to prevent deterioration or further deterioration in the quality of timber comprised in the trees,

(b)to improve the growth of other trees, or

(c)to prevent or reduce harm caused by the presence of the trees.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may give a direction (a “felling direction”) to an owner of the land on which the trees are located requiring that person to fell those trees.

(3)In deciding to give a felling direction, the Scottish Ministers must have regard to their duty to promote sustainable forest management.

(4)The Scottish Ministers must, before deciding to give a felling direction in relation to a tree that is covered by a tree preservation order—

(a)consult the planning authority that made the order, and

(b)have regard to any representations made by that planning authority.

(5)The Scottish Ministers may vary or revoke a felling direction (including any condition imposed on it).

(6)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make further provision about felling directions.

(7)Regulations under subsection (6) may, in particular, include provision about—

(a)the circumstances in which a felling direction may not be given,

(b)the requirements to be included in a felling direction,

(c)how felling directions are to be notified,

(d)the imposition of conditions on a felling direction (which may include steps that must be taken after the direction is complied with).

35Felling directions: offenceS

(1)A person commits an offence if the person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with a felling direction (including any condition imposed on it) given to the person.

(2)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

CHAPTER 5SRestocking directions

36Restocking directionsS

(1)Subsection (2) applies if it appears to the Scottish Ministers that—

(a)a tree has been felled and—

(i)the felling is not exempt under section 24, and

(ii)the felling is not carried out in accordance with a felling permission, a felling direction, a restocking direction, a registered notice to comply, a remedial notice or a registered remedial notice, or

(b)a continuing condition on felling permission in relation to land has not been complied with.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may give a direction (a “restocking direction”) requiring an owner of the land on which the felled tree was located or (as the case may be) the land to which the continuing condition relates, to stock—

(a)the land on which the felled tree was located,

(b)the land to which the continuing condition relates, or

(c)with the consent of the Scottish Ministers, other land.

(3)In subsection (2), “stock” includes the preparation of land for the planting of trees.

(4)In deciding to give a restocking direction, the Scottish Ministers must have regard to their duty to promote sustainable forest management.

(5)The Scottish Ministers may vary or revoke a restocking direction (including any condition imposed on it).

(6)Subsection (7) applies where—

(a)a person has complied with a restocking direction (including any condition imposed on it) given to the person, and

(b)another person—

(i)in a case where subsection (1)(a) applies, felled the tree to which the restocking direction relates, or

(ii)in a case where subsection (1)(b) applies, failed to comply with the continuing condition on felling permission to which the restocking direction relates.

(7)The person who complied with the restocking direction may recover any expenses reasonably incurred by that person in complying with the restocking direction from the other person.

(8)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make further provision about restocking directions.

(9)Regulations under subsection (8) may, in particular, include provision about—

(a)persons to whom a restocking direction may not be given,

(b)the circumstances in which a restocking direction may not be given,

(c)the requirements to be included in a restocking direction,

(d)how restocking directions are to be notified,

(e)the imposition of conditions on a restocking direction (which may include steps that must be taken after the direction is complied with).

37Restocking directions: offenceS

(1)A person commits an offence if the person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with a restocking direction (including any condition imposed on it) given to the person.

(2)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

CHAPTER 6SContinuing conditions on felling permission, felling directions and restocking directions: notices to comply

38Registration of notices to complyS

(1)This section applies—

(a)if—

(i)a continuing condition has been imposed on felling permission in respect of land, and

(ii)the felling to which the felling permission relates has been carried out,

(b)if a felling direction (including any condition imposed on it) has been given in respect of land,

(c)if a restocking direction (including any condition imposed on it) has been given in respect of land.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may apply to register a notice (a “notice to comply”) in relation to that land specifying—

(a)in the case of a continuing condition on felling permission, the effect of the condition and, if relevant, the date by which it must be complied with,

(b)in the case of a felling direction or a restocking direction, the effect of the direction and, if relevant, the date by which it must be complied with,

(c)a description of the land to which the condition or direction relates.

39Registered notices to comply: offenceS

(1)An owner of the land to which a registered notice to comply relates commits an offence if that person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with the registered notice to comply.

(2)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

CHAPTER 7SRegistration of notices under Chapters 6 and 8

40Registration of notices of variationS

(1)Subsection (3) applies where the Scottish Ministers and the owner of land to which a relevant registered notice relates agree in writing that the relevant registered notice is to be varied.

(2)In this section and section 41, a “relevant registered notice” means—

(a)a registered notice to comply,

(b)a registered remedial notice.

(3)The Scottish Ministers must apply to register a notice (a “notice of variation”) specifying—

(a)the date of registration of the relevant registered notice to which the notice of variation relates,

(b)a description of the land to which the relevant registered notice relates,

(c)that the relevant registered notice is varied, and

(d)a description of how the relevant registered notice is varied.

(4)On registration, the notice of variation varies the relevant registered notice to which it relates as described in subsection (3)(d).

41Registration of notices of discharge from complianceS

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)the Scottish Ministers are satisfied that a relevant registered notice in respect of land has been complied with, or

(b)the Scottish Ministers and an owner of land to which a relevant registered notice relates agree in writing that the relevant registered notice is to be discharged.

(2)The Scottish Ministers must apply to register a notice (a “notice of discharge from compliance”) in relation to the land specifying—

(a)the date of registration of the relevant registered notice to which the notice of discharge from compliance relates,

(b)a description of the land to which the relevant registered notice relates, and

(c)that the relevant registered notice is discharged.

(3)On registration, the notice of discharge from compliance discharges the relevant registered notice to which it relates.

42Meaning of “register”S

(1)In this Chapter and in Chapter 8, “register”, in relation to the notices mentioned in subsection (2), means register the information contained in the notice in question in the Land Register of Scotland or (as the case may be) record the notice in question in the General Register of Sasines, and “registered” and “registration” are to be construed accordingly.

(2)The notices are—

(a)a notice to comply,

(b)a notice of variation,

(c)a notice of discharge from compliance,

(d)a remedial notice,

(e)a notice of liability for expenses,

(f)a notice of discharge of liability for expenses.

43Descriptions of landS

For the purposes of sections 38(2)(c), 40(3)(b), 41(2)(b), 56(b), 64(d) and 66(2)(c) the description of the land must—

(a)in the case of land registered in the Land Register of Scotland, include the title number of the land,

(b)in the case where the title to the land (or a larger area containing the land) is derived from a deed recorded in the General Register of Sasines, identify the land by reference to that deed.

44Receipt of notices by KeeperS

(1)The Keeper of the Registers of Scotland is not required to investigate or determine whether the information contained in a notice mentioned in subsection (2) that is submitted for registration is accurate.

(2)The notices are—

(a)a notice to comply,

(b)a notice of variation,

(c)a notice of discharge from compliance, (d)a remedial notice,

(e)a notice of liability for expenses,

(f)a notice of discharge of liability for expenses.

CHAPTER 8SCompliance

Temporary stop noticesS

45Temporary stop noticesS

(1)Subsection (2) applies if—

(a)the Scottish Ministers have reason to believe that a tree is being felled and—

(i)the felling is not exempt under section 24, and

(ii)the felling is not carried out in accordance with a felling permission, a felling direction, a restocking direction, a registered notice to comply, a remedial notice or a registered remedial notice, and

(b)the Scottish Ministers consider it expedient that the felling (or other activity related to the felling) should stop immediately.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may give a notice (a “temporary stop notice”).

(3)A temporary stop notice must—

(a)specify the activity which the Scottish Ministers believe is being carried out,

(b)prohibit the carrying out of that activity (or of so much of the activity as is specified in the notice),

(c)specify the land in relation to which that activity is prohibited,

(d)specify the period during which the notice has effect,

(e)contain a statement about the effect of section 46, and

(f)set out the Scottish Ministers' reasons for giving the notice.

(4)A temporary stop notice may impose conditions.

(5)The Scottish Ministers may vary or revoke a temporary stop notice (including any condition imposed on it).

(6)The Scottish Ministers must display on the land to which the temporary stop notice relates—

(a)a copy of the notice, and

(b)a statement about the effect of section 46.

(7)A copy of a temporary stop notice may be given to—

(a)a person who the Scottish Ministers believe is carrying out the activity,

(b)the owner of the land to which the temporary stop notice relates (if the owner is not the person who is given the notice under paragraph (a)).

(8)A temporary stop notice has effect from the time a copy of it is first displayed in accordance with subsection (6).

(9)A temporary stop notice ceases to have effect—

(a)at the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the day on which a copy of the notice is first displayed,

(b)if a shorter period beginning with that day is specified in the notice, at the end of that shorter period, or

(c)if the notice is revoked by the Scottish Ministers before the end of the period mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b), when it is revoked.

(10)A person may stop any activity specified in a temporary stop notice despite any provision in any agreement relating to the trees or the land to which the notice relates that would otherwise prevent the person from stopping the activity.

(11)The Scottish Ministers may enter the land to which the temporary stop notice relates in order to monitor compliance with the notice.

(12)When a temporary stop notice has effect, the Scottish Ministers must not—

(a)grant an application for felling permission in relation to a tree that is located on land to which the notice relates,

(b)give a felling direction in relation to a tree that is located on land to which the notice relates,

(c)give a restocking direction in relation to land to which the notice relates.

46Temporary stop notices: offenceS

(1)A person commits an offence if the person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with a temporary stop notice (including any condition imposed on it)—

(a)a copy of which has been given to the person, or

(b)a copy of which has been displayed in accordance with section 45(6).

(2)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

47Temporary stop notices: compensationS

(1)A person who—

(a)on the date on which a temporary stop notice is first displayed under section 45(6), has a right or interest in or over the land to which the notice relates, and

(b)suffers loss directly attributable to the prohibition of felling (or other activity related to the felling) effected by the temporary stop notice,

is entitled to compensation in accordance with provision made in regulations made by the Scottish Ministers.

(2)But subsection (1) applies only if—

(a)the felling (or other activity related to the felling) prohibited by the temporary stop notice—

(i)is exempt under section 24, or

(ii)is carried out in accordance with a felling permission, a felling direction, a restocking direction, a registered notice to comply, a remedial notice or a registered remedial notice, and

(b)the temporary stop notice has been revoked.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) may, in particular, include provision about—

(a)the procedure for applying for compensation,

(b)the information to be provided in applications,

(c)the way in which the amount of compensation is to be determined,

(d)the way in which any disputes about compensation are to be determined,

(e)appeals about decisions relating to compensation.

Requests for informationS

48Requests for informationS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may request information described in subsection (2) from a person mentioned in subsection (3).

(2)The information is information about compliance with—

(a)a condition on felling permission,

(b)a felling direction (including any condition imposed on it),

(c)a restocking direction (including any condition imposed on it),

(d)a registered notice to comply,

(e)a remedial notice (including any condition imposed on it),

(f)a registered remedial notice.

(3)The persons are—

(a)in the case of a condition on felling permission, the person to whom the permission was granted,

(b)in the case of a felling direction or a restocking direction, the person to whom the direction was given or an occupier of the land to which the direction relates,

(c)in the case of a registered notice to comply, a remedial notice or a registered remedial notice, an owner or occupier of the land to which the notice relates.

49Requests for information: offenceS

(1)A person commits an offence if the person knowingly or recklessly provides false or misleading information in response to a request for information under section 48.

(2)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

Site visitsS

50Site visits with consent of owner or occupierS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may enter land mentioned in subsection (2) with the consent of an owner or occupier of that land in order to monitor compliance with—

(a)a condition on felling permission,

(b)a felling direction (including any condition imposed on it),

(c)a restocking direction (including any condition imposed on it),

(d)a registered notice to comply,

(e)a remedial notice (including any condition imposed on it),

(f)a registered remedial notice.

(2)The land is—

(a)in the case of a condition on felling permission—

(i)the land on which the tree to which the condition relates is located,

(ii)where it is a continuing condition, the land to which the continuing condition relates,

(b)in the case of a felling direction or a restocking direction, the land to which the direction relates,

(c)in the case of a registered notice to comply, a remedial notice or a registered remedial notice, the land to which the notice relates.

Powers of entryS

51Power of entry: unauthorised fellingS

(1)Subsection (2) applies if the Scottish Ministers have reason to believe that a tree has been felled or is being felled and—

(a)the felling is not exempt under section 24, and

(b)the felling is not carried out in accordance with—

(i)a felling permission,

(ii)a felling direction,

(iii)a restocking direction,

(iv)a registered notice to comply,

(v)a remedial notice, or

(vi)a registered remedial notice.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may enter the land on which the tree was or is located for the purpose of determining whether the tree has been felled or is being felled as described in subsection (1)(a) or (b).

52Power of entry: decision to give felling directions or restocking directionsS

(1)Subsection (2) applies if the Scottish Ministers have reason to believe that they may need to give—

(a)a felling direction in relation to a tree or in respect of land,

(b)a restocking direction in respect of land.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may enter the land (or, in the case of a felling direction in relation to a tree, the land on which the tree is located) for the purpose of determining whether they need to give a felling direction or a restocking direction.

53Power of entry: failure to complyS

(1)Subsection (2) applies if the Scottish Ministers have reason to believe that a person has failed or is failing to comply with—

(a)a condition on felling permission,

(b)a felling direction (including any condition imposed on it),

(c)a restocking direction (including any condition imposed on it),

(d)a registered notice to comply,

(e)a remedial notice (including any condition imposed on it), or

(f)a registered remedial notice.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may enter land mentioned in subsection (3) for the purpose of determining whether a person has failed or is failing to comply with the condition, the direction or (as the case may be) the notice.

(3)The land is—

(a)in the case of a condition on felling permission—

(i)the land on which the tree to which the condition relates is located,

(ii)where it is a continuing condition, the land to which the continuing condition relates,

(b)in the case of a felling direction or a restocking direction, the land to which the direction relates,

(c)in the case of a registered notice to comply, a remedial notice or a registered remedial notice, the land to which the notice relates.

Remedial noticesS

54Remedial noticesS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may give a person a remedial notice if it appears to them that the person has failed or is failing to comply with—

(a)a condition on felling permission,

(b)a felling direction (including any condition imposed on it),

(c)a restocking direction (including any condition imposed on it), or

(d)a registered notice to comply.

(2)A “remedial notice” is a notice requiring the person—

(a)to take such steps or stop such activity as may be specified in the notice in order to comply with or otherwise give effect to the condition, direction or (as the case may be) registered notice to comply, and

(b)to take the steps or stop the activity within such period as may be specified in the notice.

(3)The Scottish Ministers must give a copy of a remedial notice to the owner of the land to which the condition, direction or (as the case may be) registered notice to comply relates (if the owner is not the person who is given the notice under subsection (1)).

(4)A person may take any steps or stop any activity specified in a remedial notice despite—

(a)any provision in any agreement relating to the trees or the land to which the notice relates that would otherwise prevent the person from taking those steps or stopping the activity,

(b)any condition on felling permission, felling direction, restocking direction or registered notice to comply under this Act that would otherwise prevent the person from taking those steps or stopping the activity.

(5)The Scottish Ministers may vary or revoke a remedial notice (including any condition imposed on it).

(6)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make further provision about remedial notices.

(7)Regulations under subsection (6) may, in particular, include provision about the imposition of conditions on a remedial notice (which may include steps that must be taken after the notice is complied with).

55Remedial notices: offenceS

(1)A person commits an offence if the person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with a remedial notice (including any condition imposed on it) given to the person.

(2)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

56Registration of remedial noticesS

If a remedial notice (including any condition imposed on it) has been given in respect of land, the Scottish Ministers may apply to register a notice in relation to that land specifying—

(a)the effect of the notice and, if relevant, the date by which it must be complied with,

(b)a description of the land to which the notice relates.

57Registered remedial notices: offenceS

(1)An owner of the land to which a registered remedial notice relates commits an offence if that person fails, without reasonable excuse, to comply with the registered remedial notice.

(2)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

Giving documents to owner or occupierS

58Giving documents to owner or occupierS

Where in this Part a notice or other document is to be given to a person as the owner or occupier of land and the person's name or address cannot be ascertained after reasonable enquiry, it may be given by—

(a)addressing it to the person by name or by the description of “owner” or “occupier” of the land (describing it), and

(b)leaving it—

(i)with a person who is or appears to be resident or employed on the land, or

(ii)conspicuously affixed to some building or other object on or near the land.

Step-in powerS

59Step-in powerS

If a person fails to comply with a remedial notice (including any condition imposed on it) or a registered remedial notice within the period specified in it for compliance, the Scottish Ministers may—

(a)enter the land to which the notice relates, and

(b)take the steps or stop the activity set out in the notice.

Powers of entry and step-in power: application to courtS

60Powers of entry and step-in power: application to courtS

(1)This section applies to the powers in sections 45, 51, 52, 53 and 59.

(2)A sheriff, a summary sheriff or a justice of the peace may by warrant authorise the Scottish Ministers—

(a)to enter the land concerned, and

(b)if necessary, to use reasonable force in doing so.

(3)A warrant may be granted only if the sheriff, summary sheriff or justice is satisfied, by evidence on oath—

(a)that there are reasonable grounds under section 45, 51, 52, 53 or (as the case may be) 59 for entering the land concerned, and

(b)that—

(i)entry to the land has been refused,

(ii)such a refusal is reasonably expected,

(iii)the land is unoccupied, or

(iv)the occupier is temporarily absent.

(4)A warrant may not authorise—

(a)entry to Crown land,

(b)entry to a dwelling, or

(c)the use of force against an individual.

(5)A warrant expires—

(a)when it is no longer needed for the purpose for which it was granted, or

(b)if earlier, when any period as may be specified in it expires.

Powers of entry and step-in power: offencesS

61Powers of entry and step-in power: offencesS

(1)A person commits an offence if the person intentionally obstructs the Scottish Ministers in exercising their powers under section 45, 51, 52 or 53.

(2)A person commits an offence if the person intentionally obstructs the Scottish Ministers in exercising their powers under section 59.

(3)A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) or (2) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

Powers of entry and step-in power: further provisionS

62Powers of entry and step-in power: further provisionS

(1)Subsections (2) to (8) apply to the powers in sections 45, 50, 51, 52, 53 and 59.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may—

(a)take onto the land such other persons and such materials and equipment (including vehicles) as may be reasonably required for the purpose of assisting the Scottish Ministers to exercise the power,

(b)do anything else which is reasonably required for that purpose,

(c)take samples of things on the land,

(d)mark anything on the land for identification purposes,

(e)require access to, inspect and take copies of, or extracts from, any information on the land,

(f)take away any information to enable it to be copied or kept as evidence,

(g)require access to, inspect and check the operation of any computer and any associated apparatus or material and, for this purpose, require any person having charge of, or otherwise concerned with the operation of, any computer, apparatus or material to give the Scottish Ministers such assistance as they may reasonably require,

(h)where information is kept by means of a computer, require it to be produced in a form in which it can be taken away.

(3)The power may be exercised only at a reasonable time.

(4)The power does not authorise entry to a dwelling.

(5)A person exercising the power must on request produce written evidence of the person's entitlement to do so.

(6)If the Scottish Ministers cause damage in exercising the power, the Scottish Ministers must—

(a)take reasonable steps to remedy the damage, or

(b)if it is not possible to remedy the damage, pay compensation for it.

(7)If the Scottish Ministers enter unoccupied land in exercising the power, they must leave the land as effectively secured against unauthorised entry as they found it.

(8)If the Scottish Ministers cause loss or damage by failing to comply with subsection (7), they must pay compensation for the loss or damage.

(9)References in the following provisions to the Scottish Ministers include reference to persons authorised in writing by the Scottish Ministers—

(a)section 45(11),

(b)section 50(1),

(c)section 51(2),

(d)section 52(2),

(e)section 53(2),

(f)section 59,

(g)subsections (2), (6), (7) and (8).

Step-in power: recovery of expensesS

63Step-in power: recovery of expensesS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may recover the expenses mentioned in subsection (2) from the person who failed to comply with the remedial notice (including any condition imposed on it) or (as the case may be) the registered remedial notice.

(2)The expenses are—

(a)any expenses reasonably incurred by the Scottish Ministers in taking steps under section 59,

(b)any administrative expenses reasonably incurred by them in connection with recovering the expenses mentioned in paragraph (a), and

(c)interest, at such reasonable rate as the Scottish Ministers may determine, in respect of the period beginning on a date specified by the Scottish Ministers until the whole amount is paid.

(3)The date specified under subsection (2)(c) must be after the date on which a demand for payment is served by the Scottish Ministers.

(4)Each owner of the land is jointly and severally liable for the expenses and interest mentioned in this section.

(5)Any sums recoverable under subsection (1) may be recovered as a debt.

64Registration of notices of liability for expensesS

The Scottish Ministers may apply to register a notice (a “notice of liability for expenses”) specifying—

(a)the amount of the expenses payable in accordance with section 63(2)(a) and (b),

(b)whether interest is payable under section 63(2)(c),

(c)the action taken under section 59 to which those expenses relate,

(d)a description of the land in respect of which an owner is liable under section 59, and

(e)the effect of section 65 in relation to a new owner of that land.

65Recovery of expenses from new owner of landS

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)a notice of liability for expenses is registered in relation to the land, and

(b)the notice was registered at least 14 days before the date on which a person (the “new owner”) acquires right to the land.

(2)The new owner is severally liable with any former owner of the land for any expenses and interest for which the former owner is liable under section 63.

(3)An owner of land who is liable for expenses and interest under section 63 does not cease to be liable for the expenses and interest by virtue only of ceasing to be the owner of the land.

(4)Where a new owner pays any expenses and interest for which a former owner of the land is liable, the new owner may recover the amount so paid from the former owner.

(5)A person who is entitled to recover an amount under subsection (4) does not cease to be entitled to recover that amount by virtue only of ceasing to be the owner of the land.

66Registration of notices of discharge of liability for expensesS

(1)This section applies where liability for expenses and interest to which a registered notice of liability for expenses has been discharged.

(2)The Scottish Ministers must apply to register a notice (a “notice of discharge of liability for expenses”) specifying—

(a)the date of registration of the notice of liability for expenses to which the notice of discharge relates,

(b)the action taken under section 59 to which that liability relates,

(c)a description of the land in respect of which an owner was liable under section 59, and

(d)that the liability for the expenses and interest has been discharged.

(3)On registration, the notice of discharge discharges the notice of liability for expenses to which it relates.

Time limit for prosecutionS

67Time limit for prosecutionS

(1)Proceedings for an offence under section 23, 26, 28, 35, 37, 39, 46, 49, 55 or 57 may be commenced within the period of 6 months beginning with the date on which evidence that the prosecutor believes is sufficient to justify the proceedings came to the prosecutor's knowledge.

(2)No such proceedings may be commenced more than 3 years—

(a)after the commission of the offence, or

(b)in the case of a continuous contravention, after the last date on which the offence was committed.

(3)In the case of a continuous contravention, the complaint may specify the entire period during which the offence was committed.

(4)A certificate signed by or on behalf of the prosecutor stating the date on which the evidence referred to in subsection (1) came to the prosecutor's knowledge is conclusive as to that fact (and such a certificate purporting to be so signed is to be regarded as being so signed unless the contrary is proved).

(5)Section 136(3) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 applies for the purposes of this section as it does for those of that section.

CHAPTER 9SAppeals

68Appeals against decisions by Scottish MinistersS

(1)A person may appeal against—

(a)a decision—

(i)to refuse an application for felling permission,

(ii)to grant an application for felling permission with conditions,

(b)a decision to vary, suspend or revoke a felling permission,

(c)a decision to give a felling direction (including any condition imposed on it),

(d)a decision to give a restocking direction (including any condition imposed on it),

(e)a decision to refuse to vary or revoke a condition imposed on felling permission,

(f)a decision to refuse to vary or revoke a felling direction,

(g)a decision to refuse to vary or revoke a restocking direction,

(h)a decision to refuse to agree to the variation or discharge of a registered notice to comply,

(i)a decision to give a remedial notice (including any condition imposed on it),

(j)a decision to refuse to vary or revoke a remedial notice,

(k)a decision to refuse to agree to the variation or discharge of a registered remedial notice.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make further provision about appeals under subsection (1).

(3)Regulations under subsection (2) may, in particular, include provision about—

(a)who may appeal,

(b)grounds of appeal,

(c)the way in which appeals are to be made,

(d)the information to be provided when making appeals,

(e)the procedure for determining appeals,

(f)who may determine appeals,

(g)how the determination of appeals is to be notified.

(4)Regulations under subsection (2) may modify any enactment (including this Act).