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Regulatory Reform (Scotland) Act 2014

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Operation of penalties and cost recovery

28Combination of sanctions

(1)Provision may not be made by order under section 20 and section 23 conferring powers on SEPA in relation to the same offence unless it secures that—

(a)SEPA may not serve a notice of intent referred to in section 21(2)(a) on a person in relation to an act or omission where a variable monetary penalty has been imposed on that person in relation to the act or omission, and

(b)SEPA may not serve a notice of intent referred to in section 24(2)(a) on a person in relation to any act or omission where—

(i)a fixed monetary penalty has been imposed on the person in relation to the act or omission, or

(ii)the person has discharged liability for a fixed monetary penalty in relation to that act or omission pursuant to section 21(3).

(2)Provision under section 20 must secure that in a case where a notice of intent referred to in section 21(2)(a) is served on a person—

(a)SEPA may not, before the end of any period in which the person may discharge liability to the fixed monetary penalty pursuant to section 21(3), impose a variable monetary penalty on the person in respect of the act or omission to which the notice relates, and

(b)SEPA may not, if the person so discharges liability, impose a variable monetary penalty on the person in respect of that act or omission.

(3)Provision under section 20 must also secure that in a case where a fixed monetary penalty is imposed on a person, SEPA may not impose a variable monetary penalty on the person in respect of the act or omission giving rise to the penalty.

(4)Provision under section 20 must also secure the result that a fixed monetary penalty in respect of an offence constituted by an act or omission may not be imposed on a person if, in respect of that offence as constituted by that act or omission—

(a)criminal proceedings have been commenced against the person,

(b)the person has been given a warning by the procurator fiscal,

(c)the person has been sent a conditional offer (within the meaning of section 302 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (fixed penalty: conditional offer by procurator fiscal)),

(d)the person has accepted, or is deemed to have accepted, a compensation offer issued under section 302A of that Act (compensation offer by procurator fiscal),

(e)the person has accepted, or is deemed to have accepted, a combined offer issued under section 302B of that Act, or

(f)a work order has been made against the person under section 303ZA of that Act (work orders).

(5)Provision under section 23 must also secure the result that a variable monetary penalty in respect of an offence constituted by an act or omission may not be imposed on a person if, in respect of that offence as constituted by that act or omission—

(a)criminal proceedings have been commenced against the person,

(b)the person has been given a warning by a procurator fiscal,

(c)the person has been sent a conditional offer (within the meaning of section 302 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (fixed penalty: conditional offer by procurator fiscal)),

(d)the person has accepted, or is deemed to have accepted, a compensation offer issued under section 302A of that Act (compensation offer by procurator fiscal),

(e)the person has accepted, or is deemed to have accepted, a combined offer issued under section 302B of that Act, or

(f)a work order has been made against the person under section 303ZA of that Act (work orders).

29Monetary penalties

(1)An order under this Chapter which confers power on SEPA to require a person to pay a fixed monetary penalty, a variable monetary penalty or a non-compliance penalty may include provision for—

(a)early payment discounts,

(b)the payment of interest or other financial penalties for late payment of the penalty (such interest or other financial penalties not in total to exceed the amount of the penalty),

(c)enforcement of the penalty.

(2)Where such provision is included, it may also provide for—

(a)SEPA to recover the penalty, and any interest or other financial penalty for late payment, as a civil debt,

(b)the penalty, and any interest or other financial penalty for late payment, to be recoverable as if it were payable under an extract registered decree arbitral bearing a warrant for execution issued by a sheriff of any sheriffdom.

30Costs recovery

(1)Provision under section 23 may include provision for SEPA to require a person on whom a variable monetary penalty is imposed to pay the costs incurred by SEPA in relation to the imposition of the penalty up to the time of its imposition.

(2)Where such provision is included, it must secure that—

(a)a requirement to pay the costs is imposed by notice,

(b)the notice specifies the amount required to be paid,

(c)SEPA may be required to provide a detailed breakdown of the amount,

(d)the person required to pay costs may appeal against—

(i)the decision of SEPA to impose the requirement,

(ii)the decision of SEPA as to the amount of the costs (including that some or all of the costs were unnecessarily incurred),

(e)SEPA is required to publish guidance about how it will exercise the power conferred by the provision.

(3)In subsection (1), the references to costs include in particular—

(a)investigation costs,

(b)administration costs,

(c)costs of obtaining expert advice (including legal advice).

(4)Subsections (1)(b) and (c) and (2) of section 29 apply to costs required to be paid by virtue of subsection (1) of this section as they apply to a fixed monetary penalty, a variable monetary penalty or a non-compliance penalty.

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