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Land Registration etc. (Scotland) Act 2012

Extinction of encumbrances etc

Section 91: Extinction of encumbrance when land disponed

207.Subsections (1) and (2) provide that where an encumbrance (such as a standard security) has been omitted from the register and there is no relevant caveat on the title sheet, a good faith acquirer acquires the land free from that encumbrance. However, where, for example, a property is subject to a standard security and the owner forges and registers a discharge (and the standard security is deleted from the title sheet) the property is still encumbered by the security because the discharge is a forgery. Nevertheless, if in the example the owner disponed the title to another person and that person was in good faith, the security would be extinguished on the day when the second person is registered as proprietor.

208.Subsection (4) lists the types of encumbrances that are not subject to the rule in subsections (1) and (2). Subsections (1) and (2) only have effect where the Keeper should have entered a burden in the burdens section of a title sheet, but has failed to do so. Consequently, subsections (1) and (2) do not apply to any encumbrance which need not be entered in the Land Register because:

  • it cannot be registered (such as in the case of a short lease);

  • it relates to an off-register event (such as a servitude acquired by prescription); or

  • it relates to an overriding interest (such as a public right of way).

Section 92: Extinction of encumbrance when lease assigned

209.This section is the equivalent of section 91, but for assignation of leases.

Section 93: Extinction of floating charge when land disponed

210.This section protects a good faith acquirer from the risk of an attached floating charge crystallising over their property where the floating charge was granted by a predecessor in title of the person who sold them the property.

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Explanatory Notes

Text created by the Scottish Executive department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Acts of the Scottish Parliament except those which result from Budget Bills

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