Search Legislation

Wildlife and Natural Environment (Scotland) Act 2011

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

24Liability in relation to certain offences by others

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

After section 18 of the 1981 Act insert—

18AVicarious liability for certain offences by employee or agent

(1)This subsection applies where, on or in relation to any land, a person (A) commits a relevant offence while acting as the employee or agent of a person (B) who—

(a)has a legal right to kill or take a wild bird on or over that land; or

(b)manages or controls the exercise of any such right.

(2)Where subsection (1) applies, B is also guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(3)In any proceedings under subsection (2), it is a defence for B to show—

(a)that B did not know that the offence was being committed by A; and

(b)that B took all reasonable steps and exercised all due diligence to prevent the offence being committed.

(4)Proceedings may be taken against B in respect of the offence whether or not proceedings are also taken against A.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), management or control of the exercise of a right to kill or take any wild bird on or over land includes in particular management or control of any of the following—

(a)the operation or activity of killing or taking any such birds on or over that land;

(b)the habitat of any such birds on that land;

(c)the presence on or over that land of predators of any such birds;

(d)the release of birds from captivity for the purpose of their being killed or taken on or over that land.

(6)In this section and section 18B, “a relevant offence” is—

(a)an offence under—

(i)section 1(1), (5) or (5B);

(ii)section 5(1)(a) or (b); or

(iii)section 15A(1); and

(b)an offence under section 18 committed in relation to any of the offences mentioned in paragraph (a).

18BLiability where securing services through another

(1)This subsection applies where, on or in relation to any land—

(a)a person (A) commits a relevant offence;

(b)at the time the offence is committed, A is providing relevant services for a person (B); and

(c)B—

(i)has a legal right to kill or take a wild bird on or over that land; or

(ii)manages or controls the exercise of any such right.

(2)Where subsection (1) applies, B is also guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(3)In any proceedings under subsection (2), it is a defence for B to show—

(a)that B did not know that the offence was being committed by A; and

(b)that B took all reasonable steps and exercised all due diligence to prevent the offence being committed.

(4)Proceedings may be taken against B in respect of the offence whether or not proceedings are also taken against A.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), A is providing “relevant services” for B—

(a)if A manages or controls any of the following—

(i)the operation or activity of killing or taking any wild birds on or over that land;

(ii)the habitat of any such birds on that land;

(iii)the presence on or over that land of predators of any such birds;

(iv)the release of birds from captivity for the purpose of their being killed or taken on or over that land; and

(b)whether A is providing the services—

(i)by arrangement between A and B; or

(ii)by arrangement with or as employee or agent of any other person (C) who is providing or securing the provision of relevant services for B.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (5)(b)(ii), C is providing or securing the provision of relevant services for B if C manages or controls any of the things mentioned in sub-paragraphs (i) to (iv) of subsection (5)(a)..

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Show Explanatory Notes for Sections: Displays relevant parts of the explanatory notes interweaved within the legislation content.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the Scottish Executive department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Acts of the Scottish Parliament except those which result from Budget Bills

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources