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Historic Environment (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 2011

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Part 2Modifications of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979

Control of works affecting scheduled monuments

2Control of works affecting scheduled monuments

In section 2 of the 1979 Act (control of works affecting scheduled monuments)—

(a)in paragraph (a) of subsection (3), the word “written” is repealed,

(b)after that subsection insert—

(3A)If—

(a)works to which this section applies have been executed without being authorised under this Part; and

(b)the Scottish Ministers grant consent for the retention of the works,

the works are authorised under this Part of this Act from the grant of the consent.

(3B)References in this Act to scheduled monument consent include consent under subsection (3A) above..

Defences

3Offences under sections 2, 28 and 42: modification of defences

(1)The 1979 Act is amended in accordance with this section.

(2)In section 2(8), for the words “prove that” substitute show that, before executing, causing the execution of or, as the case may be, permitting the execution of the works—

(a)he had taken all reasonable steps to find out whether there was a scheduled monument within the area affected by the works, and.

(3)In section 28(1) (offence of damaging certain ancient monuments)—

(a)for the word “lawful” substitute “reasonable”,

(b)after “monument”, where it first occurs, insert “shall be guilty of an offence if the person”,

(c)in paragraph (a), for the words “knowing that it is” substitute “knew or ought to have known that it was”,

(d)in paragraph (b)—

(i)for the word “intending” substitute “intended”,

(ii)for the word “being” substitute “was”,

(e)the words “shall be guilty of an offence” are repealed.

(4)In section 42 (restrictions on use of metal detectors)—

(a)in subsection (6) for the word “prove” substitute “show”,

(b)in subsection (7)—

(i)for the words “prove that he had taken all reasonable precautions” substitute show that—

(a)he had taken all reasonable steps,

(ii)for the words “and did not believe that it was” substitute ; and

(b)he did not know and had no reason to believe that that place was a protected place.

Fines

4Fines: increases and duty of court in determining amount

(1)The 1979 Act is amended in accordance with this section.

(2)In section 2 (control of works affecting scheduled monuments)—

(a)in subsection (10) for “the statutory maximum” substitute “£50,000”,

(b)after that subsection insert—

(10A)In determining the amount of any fine to be imposed on a person under this section, the court shall in particular have regard to any financial benefit which has accrued or appears likely to accrue to the person in consequence of the offence..

(3)In section 28 (offence of damaging certain ancient monuments)—

(a)in subsection (4) for “the statutory maximum” substitute “£50,000”,

(b)after that subsection add—

(5)In determining the amount of any fine to be imposed on a person under this section, the court shall in particular have regard to any financial benefit which has accrued or appears likely to accrue to the person in consequence of the offence..

Powers of entry

5Powers of entry to inspect condition of scheduled monument

In section 6(1) of the 1979 Act (powers of entry for inspection of scheduled monument with a view to ascertaining its condition), for “and” substitute “; and such power may, in particular, be exercised with a view to ascertaining—”.

Works affecting scheduled monuments: enforcement

6Works affecting scheduled monuments: enforcement

(1)After section 9 of the 1979 Act insert—

Scheduled monument enforcement notices
9APower to issue scheduled monument enforcement notice

(1)Where it appears to the Scottish Ministers that—

(a)any works have been, or are being, executed to a scheduled monument or to land in, on or under which there is a scheduled monument, and

(b)the works are such as to involve a contravention of section 2(1) or (6),

they may, if they consider it expedient having regard to the effect of the works on the character of the monument as one of national importance, serve a notice under this section (in this Act referred to as a “scheduled monument enforcement notice”).

(2)A scheduled monument enforcement notice must specify the alleged contravention and must (either or both)—

(a)specify any works falling within subsection (1) which the Scottish Ministers require to cease,

(b)require steps falling within subsection (3) and specified in the notice to be taken.

(3)Those steps are—

(a)for restoring the monument or land to its former state,

(b)if the Scottish Ministers consider that restoration to its former state would not be reasonably practicable or would be undesirable, for executing such further works specified in the notice as they consider are required to alleviate in a manner acceptable to them the effect of the works which were carried out without scheduled monument consent, or

(c)for bringing the monument or land to the state it would have been in if the conditions of any scheduled monument consent for the works had been complied with.

(4)In considering whether restoration is undesirable under subsection (3)(b), the Scottish Ministers are to have regard to the desirability of preserving—

(a)the national importance of the monument,

(b)its features of historical, architectural, traditional, artistic or archaeological interest.

(5)Where further works of a kind mentioned in subsection (3)(b) have been carried out on a monument or land, scheduled monument consent is treated as having been granted in respect of the works carried out on that monument or land.

9BScheduled monument enforcement notices: further provisions

(1)A scheduled monument enforcement notice—

(a)must specify the date on which it is to take effect and, subject to section 9C(3), takes effect on that date, and

(b)must specify the period (the “period for compliance”) within which—

(i)any works required to cease must cease,

(ii)any steps required to be taken must be taken,

and may specify different periods for different works or steps.

(2)Where different periods apply to different works or steps, references in this Act to the period for compliance with a scheduled monument enforcement notice, in relation to any works or step, are to the period within which the works are required to cease or the step is required to be taken.

(3)The date specified in the notice under subsection (1)(a) must be at least 28 days after the date on which the notice is served.

(4)A copy of a scheduled monument enforcement notice must be served—

(a)on the owner, the lessee and the occupier of the monument to which it relates and of the land in, on or under which the monument is situated,

(b)on any other person having an interest in the monument or land, being an interest which in the opinion of the Scottish Ministers is materially affected by the notice.

(5)The Scottish Ministers may, at any time—

(a)withdraw a scheduled monument enforcement notice (without prejudice to their power to issue another), or

(b)waive or relax any requirement of such a notice and, in particular, extend the period for compliance.

(6)The Scottish Ministers must, immediately after exercising the powers conferred by subsection (5), give notice of the exercise to every person who has been served with a copy of the scheduled monument enforcement notice or would, if the notice were reissued, be served with a copy of it.

(7)The Scottish Ministers must—

(a)publish by electronic means (as for example by means of the internet) a list containing particulars of any monument in respect of which a scheduled monument enforcement notice has been served, and

(b)on request, provide a copy of a scheduled monument enforcement notice.

9CAppeal against scheduled monument enforcement notice

(1)A person on whom a scheduled monument enforcement notice is served or any other person having an interest in the monument to which it relates or the land in, on or under which it is situated may, at any time before the date specified in the notice as the date on which it is to take effect, by summary application appeal to the sheriff on any of the grounds in subsection (2).

(2)Those grounds are—

(a)that the matters alleged to constitute a contravention of section 2(1) or (6) have not occurred,

(b)that those matters (if they occurred) do not constitute such a contravention,

(c)that—

(i)works to the monument or land were urgently necessary in the interests of safety or health,

(ii)it was not practicable to secure safety or health by works of repair or works for affording temporary support or shelter, and

(iii)the works carried out were limited to the minimum measures immediately necessary,

(d)that copies of the notice were not served as required by section 9B(4),

(e)that the period for compliance for any works or step falls short of what should reasonably be allowed.

(3)Where an appeal is brought under this section the notice is of no effect until the appeal is withdrawn or finally determined.

(4)In determining an appeal under this section the sheriff may uphold or quash the notice.

(5)The sheriff may uphold a notice despite copies of it not having been served as required by section 9B(4) if satisfied that any person on whom a copy should have been, but was not, served has not been substantially prejudiced by the failure.

9DExecution of works required by scheduled monument enforcement notice

(1)If any steps specified in the scheduled monument enforcement notice have not been taken within the period for compliance with the notice, the Scottish Ministers may—

(a)enter on the land in, on or under which the scheduled monument is situated and take those steps, and

(b)recover from the person who is then the owner or lessee of the monument or land any expenses reasonably incurred by them in doing so.

(2)Where a scheduled monument enforcement notice has been served in respect of a monument—

(a)any expenses incurred by the owner, lessee or occupier of a monument or the land in, on or under which it is situated for the purpose of complying with it, and

(b)any sums paid by the owner or lessee of a monument or land under subsection (1) in respect of expenses incurred by the Scottish Ministers in taking steps required by it,

are to be treated as incurred or paid for the use and at the request of the person who carried out the works to which the notice relates.

(3)If on a complaint by the owner of any scheduled monument or land it appears to the sheriff that the occupier of the monument or land is preventing the owner from carrying out work required to be carried out by a scheduled monument enforcement notice, the sheriff may by warrant authorise the owner to enter the land and carry out the work.

(4)If the Scottish Ministers take steps under subsection (1) they may sell any materials removed by them from the monument or land unless those materials are claimed by the owner within 3 days of their removal.

(5)After selling the materials the Scottish Ministers must pay the proceeds to the owner less the expenses recoverable by them from the owner.

(6)Where the Scottish Ministers seek, under subsection (1), to recover any expenses from a person on the basis that the person is the owner of the scheduled monument or land, and the person proves that—

(a)the person is receiving the rent in respect of the monument or land merely as trustee, tutor, curator, factor or agent of some other person, and

(b)the person has not, and since the date of the service of the demand for payment has not had, in the person’s hands on behalf of that other person sufficient money to discharge the whole demand of the Scottish Ministers,

the person’s liability is limited to the total amount of the money which the person has or has had in the person’s hands on behalf of that other person.

(7)If by reason of subsection (6) the Scottish Ministers have not recovered the whole of any such expenses from a trustee, tutor, curator, factor or agent they may recover any unpaid balance from the person on whose behalf the rent is received.

(8)Any person who wilfully obstructs a person acting in the exercise of powers under subsection (1) is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

9EOffence where scheduled monument enforcement notice not complied with

(1)Where, after the end of the period for compliance with a scheduled monument enforcement notice, any works required by the notice to cease have not ceased or any step required by the notice has not been taken, the person who is for the time being owner of the scheduled monument or of the land in, on or under which it is situated is in breach of the notice.

(2)If at any time the owner of the monument or land is in breach of a scheduled monument enforcement notice the owner is guilty of an offence.

(3)An offence under this section may be charged by reference to any day or longer period of time.

(4)A person may, in relation to the same scheduled monument enforcement notice, be convicted of more than one offence under this section by reference to different days or different periods.

(5)In proceedings against any person for an offence under this section, it is a defence for the person to show that—

(a)the person did everything the person could be expected to do to secure that all works required by the notice to cease were ceased or that all the steps required by the notice were taken, or

(b)the person was not served with a copy of the notice and was not aware of its existence.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £20,000, and

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(7)In determining the amount of any fine to be imposed, the court is in particular to have regard to any financial benefit which has accrued or appears likely to accrue to the person in consequence of the offence.

9FEffect of scheduled monument consent on scheduled monument enforcement notice

(1)If, after the issue of a scheduled monument enforcement notice, consent is granted under section 2(3A)—

(a)for the retention of any work to which the notice relates, or

(b)permitting the retention of works without complying with some condition subject to which a previous scheduled monument consent was granted,

the notice ceases to have effect in so far as such work is or such works are required by the notice to cease, or in so far as it requires steps to be taken involving the works not being retained or, as the case may be, for complying with that condition.

(2)The fact that a scheduled monument enforcement notice has wholly or partly ceased to have effect under subsection (1) does not affect the liability of any person for an offence in respect of a previous failure to comply with it.

Stop notices

9GStop notices

(1)Subsection (2) applies where the Scottish Ministers consider it expedient that any relevant works should cease before the expiry of the period for compliance with a scheduled monument enforcement notice.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may, when they serve the copy of the scheduled monument enforcement notice or afterwards, serve a notice (in this Act referred to as a “stop notice”) prohibiting the execution of the relevant works to the scheduled monument to which the enforcement notice relates, or to land in, on or under which the monument is situated, or to any part of the monument or land specified in the stop notice.

(3)In this section and sections 9H and 9I, “relevant works” means any works specified in the scheduled monument enforcement notice as works which the Scottish Ministers require to cease and any works carried out as part of, or associated with, such works.

(4)A stop notice may not be served if the scheduled monument enforcement notice has taken effect.

(5)A stop notice must specify the date when it is to come into effect, and that date—

(a)must not be earlier than 3 days after the date when the notice is served, unless the Scottish Ministers consider that there are special reasons for specifying an earlier date and a statement of those reasons is served with the stop notice, and

(b)must not be later than 28 days from the date when the notice is first served on any person.

(6)A stop notice may be served by the Scottish Ministers on any person who appears to them to have an interest in the monument or the land in, on or under which it is situated or who is executing, or causing to be executed, the relevant works specified in the scheduled monument enforcement notice.

(7)The Scottish Ministers may at any time withdraw a stop notice (without prejudice to their power to serve another) by notice which must be—

(a)served on all persons who were served with the stop notice, and

(b)publicised by displaying it for 7 days in place of all or any site notices (within the meaning of section 9H(3)).

9HStop notices: supplementary provisions

(1)A stop notice ceases to have effect when—

(a)the scheduled monument enforcement notice to which it relates is withdrawn or quashed,

(b)the period for compliance expires, or

(c)notice of the withdrawal of the stop notice is served under section 9G(7),

whichever occurs first.

(2)Where a requirement of the scheduled monument enforcement notice to which a stop notice relates is waived or relaxed by virtue of section 9B(5) so that the scheduled monument enforcement notice no longer relates to any relevant works, the stop notice ceases to have effect in relation to those works.

(3)Where a stop notice has been served in respect of a scheduled monument the Scottish Ministers may publicise it by displaying on the land in, on or under which the monument is situated or on the monument (except where doing so might damage it) a notice (in this section and in sections 6 and 9J referred to as a “site notice”)—

(a)stating that a stop notice has been served on a particular person or persons,

(b)indicating its requirements, and

(c)stating that any person contravening it may be prosecuted for an offence under section 9J.

(4)A stop notice is not invalid by reason that a copy of the scheduled monument enforcement notice to which it relates was not served as required by section 9B if it is shown that the Scottish Ministers took all such steps as were reasonably practicable to effect proper service.

9ICompensation for loss due to stop notice

(1)Where a stop notice ceases to have effect a person who, when the notice is first served, has an interest (whether as owner or occupier or otherwise) in the scheduled monument to which the notice relates or the land in, on or under which the monument is situated is entitled to be compensated by the Scottish Ministers in respect of any loss or damage falling within subsection (2).

(2)That is loss or damage directly attributable to—

(a)the prohibition contained in the stop notice, or

(b)in a case within subsection (3)(b), the prohibition of such of the works prohibited by the stop notice as cease to be relevant works.

(3)For the purposes of this section, a stop notice ceases to have effect when—

(a)the scheduled monument enforcement notice is quashed,

(b)a requirement of the scheduled monument enforcement notice is waived or relaxed by virtue of section 9B(5) so that any works the execution of which are prohibited by the stop notice cease to be relevant works,

(c)the scheduled monument enforcement notice is withdrawn by the Scottish Ministers otherwise than in consequence of the grant by them of scheduled monument consent for the works to which the notice relates, or

(d)the stop notice is withdrawn.

(4)The loss or damage in respect of which compensation is payable under this section in respect of a prohibition includes any sum payable in respect of a breach of contract caused by the taking of action necessary to comply with the prohibition.

(5)No compensation is payable under this section—

(a)in respect of the prohibition in a stop notice of any works which, at any time when the notice is in force, are such as to involve a contravention of section 2(1) or (6), or

(b)in the case of a claimant who was required to provide information under section 57 (power to require information as to interests in land) in respect of any loss or damage suffered by the claimant which could have been avoided if the claimant had provided the information or had otherwise co-operated with the Scottish Ministers when responding to the notice.

9JPenalties for contravention of stop notice

(1)A person who contravenes a stop notice after a site notice has been displayed, or after the stop notice has been served on the person, is guilty of an offence.

(2)Contravention of a stop notice includes causing or permitting its contravention.

(3)An offence under this section may be charged by reference to any day or longer period of time.

(4)A person may, in relation to the same stop notice, be convicted of more than one offence under this section by reference to different days or different periods.

(5)It is a defence in any proceedings under this section that—

(a)the stop notice was not served on the accused, and

(b)the accused had no reasonable cause to believe that the works were prohibited by the stop notice.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £20,000, and

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(7)In determining the amount of the fine, the court is in particular to have regard to any financial benefit which has accrued or appears likely to accrue to the person in consequence of the offence.

Temporary stop notices
9KTemporary stop notices

(1)Where it appears to the Scottish Ministers that—

(a)any works have been, or are being, executed to a scheduled monument or to land in, on or under which there is a scheduled monument,

(b)the works are such as to involve a contravention of section 2(1) or (6), and

(c)it is expedient that the works are (or any part of the works is) stopped immediately,

they may, if they consider it expedient to do so having regard to the effect of the works on the character of the monument as one of national importance, issue a temporary stop notice.

(2)The notice must be given in writing and must—

(a)specify the works in question,

(b)prohibit execution of the works (or so much of the works as is specified in the notice), and

(c)set out the Scottish Ministers’ reasons for issuing the notice.

(3)A temporary stop notice may be served on any of the following—

(a)a person who appears to the Scottish Ministers to be executing, or causing to be executed, the works,

(b)a person who appears to the Scottish Ministers to have an interest in the scheduled monument or the land in, on or under which the monument is situated (whether as owner or occupier or otherwise).

(4)The Scottish Ministers must display on the land in, on or under which the monument is situated or on the monument (except where doing so might damage it)—

(a)a copy of the notice, and

(b)a statement as to the effect of section 9M.

(5)A temporary stop notice has effect from the time a copy of it is first displayed in pursuance of subsection (4).

(6)A temporary stop notice ceases to have effect at the end of the period of 28 days starting on the day the copy notice is so displayed.

(7)But if a shorter period starting on that day is specified in the notice, the notice instead ceases to have effect at the end of that shorter period.

(8)And if the notice is withdrawn by the Scottish Ministers before that period of 28 days (or, as the case may be, that shorter period) expires, the notice ceases to have effect on being so withdrawn.

9LTemporary stop notices: restrictions

(1)A second or subsequent temporary stop notice must not be issued in respect of the same works unless the Scottish Ministers have in the meantime taken some other enforcement action in relation to the contravention of section 2(1) or (6) which is constituted by the works.

(2)In subsection (1), “enforcement action” includes obtaining the grant of an interdict under section 9O.

9MTemporary stop notices: offences

(1)A person who contravenes a temporary stop notice—

(a)which has been served on the person, or

(b)a copy of which has been displayed in pursuance of section 9K(4),

is guilty of an offence.

(2)Contravention of a temporary stop notice includes causing or permitting its contravention.

(3)An offence under this section may be charged by reference to a day or to a longer period of time.

(4)A person may, in relation to the same temporary stop notice, be convicted of more than one offence under this section by reference to different days or different periods.

(5)It is a defence in any proceedings under this section that—

(a)the temporary stop notice was not served on the accused, and

(b)the accused did not know, and could not reasonably have been expected to know, of its existence.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £20,000,

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(7)In determining the amount of the fine, the court is in particular to have regard to any financial benefit which has accrued or appears likely to accrue to the convicted person in consequence of the execution of the works which constituted the offence.

9NTemporary stop notices: compensation

(1)A person who, at the date on which a temporary stop notice is first displayed in pursuance of section 9K(4), has an interest (whether as owner or occupier or otherwise) in the scheduled monument to which the notice relates or the land in, on or under which the monument is situated is entitled to be compensated by the Scottish Ministers in respect of any loss or damage directly attributable to the prohibition effected by that notice.

(2)But subsection (1) applies only if the circumstances are as set out in one or both of the following paragraphs—

(a)the works specified in the notice are authorised by scheduled monument consent granted on or before the date mentioned in that subsection,

(b)the Scottish Ministers withdraw the notice other than following such grant of scheduled monument consent as is mentioned in paragraph (a).

(3)Subsections (4) and (5) of section 9I apply to compensation payable under this section as they apply to compensation payable under that section; and for the purpose of that application references in subsection (5) of that section to a stop notice are to be taken to be references to a temporary stop notice.

Interdicts
9OInterdicts restraining unauthorised works on scheduled monuments

(1)Whether or not they have exercised or propose to exercise any of their other powers under this Act, the Scottish Ministers may seek to restrain or prevent any actual or apprehended breach of any of the controls provided by or under this Act on the execution of works affecting scheduled monuments by means of an application for interdict.

(2)On an application under subsection (1) the court may grant such interdict as it thinks appropriate for the purpose of restraining or preventing the breach.

(3)In this section “the court” means the Court of Session or the sheriff..

(2)In section 6 of the 1979 Act (powers of entry), after subsection (3) insert—

(3A)Any person duly authorised in writing by the Scottish Ministers may at any reasonable time enter any land—

(a)to ascertain whether a scheduled monument enforcement notice, a stop notice or a temporary stop notice should be served in relation to a scheduled monument in, on or under that or any other land,

(b)for the purposes of displaying—

(i)a site notice,

(ii)a notice under section 9G(7) in place of a site notice, or

(iii)a copy of a temporary stop notice, and a statement as to the effect of section 9M, under section 9K(4),

(c)to ascertain whether a scheduled monument enforcement notice, a stop notice or a temporary stop notice has been complied with,

(d)to ascertain whether any offence has been, or is being, committed with respect to any scheduled monument in, on or under that or any other land under section 2(1) or (6), 9E, 9J or 9M..

(3)In subsection (1) of section 61 of that Act (interpretation), in the appropriate places in alphabetical order insert—

  • “period for compliance” is to be construed in accordance with section 9B(1) and (2);,

  • “scheduled monument enforcement notice” has the meaning given by section 9A(1) of this Act;,

  • “site notice” has the meaning given in section 9H(3);,

  • “stop notice” has the meaning given in section 9G(2) of this Act;,

  • “temporary stop notice” means a notice issued under section 9K(1) of this Act;.

Monuments and associated land under guardianship

7Control and management of monuments and land under guardianship

(1)The 1979 Act is amended in accordance with this section.

(2)In section 13 (effect of guardianship of ancient monuments)—

(a)after subsection (2) insert—

(2A)The power conferred by subsection (2) above includes power—

(a)to control the holding of events in or on the monument;

(b)to control and manage such events;

(c)to require payment of a charge in respect of the holding of such events;

(d)to exclude, restrict or otherwise control public access to the monument in connection with such events.,

(b)after subsection (7) add—

(8)In subsection (2A) above—

(a)“events” includes functions and any other organised activities;

(b)references to the holding of events, in relation to organised activities, are to be construed as references to the carrying out of such activities..

(3)In section 15 (acquisition and guardianship of land in vicinity of an ancient monument)—

(a)in subsection (3), after “and” where it fourth occurs, insert “without prejudice to that generality”,

(b)after that subsection insert—

(3A)The power of full control and management of land under guardianship conferred by subsection (3) above includes power—

(a)to control the holding of events on associated land;

(b)to control and manage such events;

(c)to require payment of a charge in respect of the holding of such events;

(d)to exclude, restrict or otherwise control public access to associated land in connection with such events.,

(c)after subsection (4) insert—

(4A)Subsections (3), (3A) and (4) are subject to any provision to the contrary in the guardianship deed.,

(d)after subsection (6) add—

(7)In subsection (3A) above—

(a)“events” includes functions and any other organised activities;

(b)references to the holding of events, in relation to organised activities, are to be construed as references to the carrying out of such activities..

(4)In subsection (1) of section 19 (public access to monuments under public control), after “to” where it first occurs, insert “sections 13(2A) and 15(3A) of this Act and to”.

(5)Paragraph 6(1) of Schedule 3 (transitional provisions) is repealed.

Provision of facilities, etc. at ancient monuments

8Provision of facilities, etc. at ancient monuments

In section 20 of the 1979 Act (provision of facilities for the public in connection with ancient monuments)—

(a)in subsection (1)—

(i)the words “for or in connection with affording public access” are repealed,

(ii)in paragraph (a) for “to” substitute “in or on”,

(iii)in paragraph (b) for “to” substitute “in or on”,

(b)for subsection (2) substitute—

(2)In subsection (1), references to a monument include references to any land associated with the monument.

(2A)The facilities and services which may be provided for the public under this section include—

(a)facilities and information or other services for or in connection with affording public access to the monument, and

(b)facilities for the sale of goods and the provision of other services..

Financial support in relation to ancient monuments

9Financial support for preservation, etc. of monuments

In section 24 of the 1979 Act (expenditure by the Scottish Ministers or local authority on acquisition and preservation of ancient monuments etc.)—

(a)in subsection (2), for the words from “at” to the end of the subsection substitute—

(a)at the request of the owner undertake, or assist in, or

(b)defray or contribute towards the cost of,

the preservation, maintenance and management of any ancient monument.,

(b)in subsection (4), for the words from “at” to the end of the subsection substitute—

(a)at the request of the owner undertake, or assist in, or

(b)defray or contribute towards the cost of,

the preservation, maintenance and management of any ancient monument situated in or in the vicinity of their area..

Power of entry where monument at risk

10Power of entry on land where monument at risk

In section 26 of the 1979 Act (power of entry on land believed to contain ancient monument)—

(a)in subsection (3), at the beginning, insert “Subject to subsection (4) below,”,

(b)after subsection (3) add—

(4)Subsection (3) does not apply where—

(a)land is, or is to be, excavated in exercise of the power conferred by subsection (2); and

(b)the Scottish Ministers know or have reason to believe that any ancient monument they know or believe to be in, on or under that land is or may be at risk of imminent damage or destruction..

Inventories of gardens, designed landscapes and battlefields

11Inventories of gardens and designed landscapes and of battlefields

After section 32 of the 1979 Act insert—

Part 1AInventories of gardens and designed landscapes and of battlefields
32AInventory of gardens and designed landscapes

(1)The Scottish Ministers must compile and maintain (in such form as they think fit) an inventory of such gardens and designed landscapes as appear to them to be of national importance.

(2)In subsection (1), references to gardens and designed landscapes are to grounds which have been laid out for artistic effect and, in appropriate cases, include references to any buildings, land, or water on, adjacent, or contiguous to such grounds.

(3)The Scottish Ministers may, from time to time, modify the inventory so as to—

(a)add an entry relating to grounds mentioned in subsection (2);

(b)remove an entry relating to such grounds;

(c)amend an entry relating to such grounds (whether by excluding anything previously included as part of the grounds or adding anything not previously so included, or otherwise).

(4)As soon as reasonably practicable after including any grounds in the inventory in exercise of their duty under subsection (1), or modifying the inventory under subsection (3), the Scottish Ministers must—

(a)inform—

(i)the owner of the grounds;

(ii)(if the owner is not the occupier) the occupier of the grounds; and

(iii)any local authority in whose area the grounds are situated,

of the inclusion or modification; and

(b)where the grounds are so included, or the inventory is modified as mentioned in paragraph (a) or (c) of subsection (3), send to any person or any local authority informed under paragraph (a) of this subsection a copy of the entry or, as the case may be, of the amended entry in the inventory relating to the grounds.

(5)The Scottish Ministers must from time to time publish, in such manner as they think fit, a list of all the gardens and designed landscapes which are for the time being included in the inventory.

32BInventory of battlefields

(1)The Scottish Ministers must compile and maintain (in such form as they think fit) an inventory of such battlefields as appear to them to be of national importance.

(2)In this section, “battlefield” means—

(a)an area of land over which a battle was fought; or

(b)an area of land on which any significant activities relating to a battle occurred (whether or not the battle was fought over that area).

(3)Subsections (3) to (5) of section 32A apply to an inventory compiled and maintained under subsection (1) of this section as they apply to an inventory compiled and maintained under subsection (1) of that section; and, for the purposes of that application, references to gardens and designed landscapes, and to grounds referred to by those expressions, are to be construed as references to a battlefield..

Grants and loans

12Development and understanding of matters of historic, etc. interest: grants and loans

After section 45 of the 1979 Act insert—

45ADevelopment and understanding of matters of historic, etc. interest: grants and loans

(1)The Scottish Ministers may make grants or loans for the purpose of defraying in whole or in part any expenditure incurred, or to be incurred—

(a)in or in connection with;

(b)with a view to the promotion of,

the development or understanding of matters of historic, architectural, traditional, artistic or archaeological interest.

(2)A grant or loan under this section may be made subject to such conditions (including conditions as to repayment) as the Scottish Ministers consider appropriate.

(3)Without prejudice to any powers of the Scottish Ministers under any enactment (including this Act), the total amount of grants and loans which may be made under this section must not exceed £100,000 in any one year period..

Regulations and orders

13Regulations and orders under the 1979 Act

Before subsection (1) of section 60 of the 1979 Act (regulations and orders) insert—

(A1)Any power conferred by this Act to make regulations or orders includes power to make such incidental, supplemental, consequential, transitory, transitional or saving provision as the Scottish Ministers consider necessary or expedient..

Meaning of “monument”

14Meaning of “monument” in the 1979 Act

In section 61 of the 1979 Act (interpretation)—

(a)in subsection (7)—

(i)the word “and” immediately following paragraph (b) is repealed,

(ii)after paragraph (c) insert and

(d)any site (other than one falling within paragraph (b) or (c) above) comprising any thing, or group of things, that evidences previous human activity;,

(b)in subsection (8), paragraph (b) is repealed.

Scheduled monument consent

15Scheduled monument consent: applications, etc.

(1)Schedule 1 to the 1979 Act (control of works affecting scheduled monuments) is amended in accordance with subsections (2) and (3).

(2)After paragraph 1(1) insert—

(1A)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision as to—

(a)the manner in which scheduled monument consent is to be granted;

(b)the form and content of scheduled monument consent..

(3)In paragraph 2—

(a)for sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) substitute—

(1)The Scottish Ministers may refuse to entertain an application for scheduled monument consent unless it is accompanied by a certificate as to the interests in the monument to which the application relates.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations—

(a)make provision as to the notice of any application for scheduled monument consent to be given to any person (other than the applicant) who, at the beginning of the period of 21 days ending with the date of the application, was the owner of the monument;

(b)make provision for publicising applications for scheduled monument consent;

(c)make provision as to—

(i)the form and content of certificates such as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) and notices such as are mentioned in paragraph (a);

(ii)service of such notices;

(d)make provision as to such further particulars of the matters to which such certificates relate as may be prescribed;

(e)require an applicant for scheduled monument consent to certify, in such form as may be prescribed, or to provide evidence, that any requirements of the regulations have been satisfied.

(2A)Regulations under sub-paragraph (2) may make different provision for different classes of case.,

(b)in sub-paragraph (4), after “paragraph” insert “or regulations made under it”.

(4)In subsection (11) of section 2 of that Act (control of works affecting scheduled monuments), after “for,” insert “the manner of granting, and the form, content”.

16Refusal to entertain certain applications for scheduled monument consent

After paragraph 2A of Schedule 1 to the 1979 Act insert—

2B(1)Where sub-paragraph (2) or (3) applies, the Scottish Ministers may refuse to entertain an application for scheduled monument consent.

(2)This sub-paragraph applies where—

(a)within the period of 2 years ending with the date the application is received, the Scottish Ministers have refused a similar application; and

(b)in their opinion there has been no significant change in any material considerations since the similar application was refused.

(3)This sub-paragraph applies where the application is made at a time when a similar application is under consideration.

(4)For the purposes of this paragraph, an application for scheduled monument consent is to be taken to be similar to another such application only if the scheduled monument and the works to which the applications relate are, in the opinion of the Scottish Ministers, the same or substantially the same..

Inquiries and hearings

17Application for scheduled monument consent: inquiries and hearings

In paragraph 3(2) of Schedule 1 to the 1979 Act (control of works affecting scheduled monuments), for “shall” substitute “may”.

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