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(1)Justices of the peace are to be appointed by name on behalf of and in the name of Her Majesty by instrument under the hand of the Scottish Ministers.
(2)A JP is to be appointed for a sheriffdom.
(3)An appointment of a JP is to be for a term of 5 years.
(4)However, a JP—
(a)may resign from office by giving notice to the Scottish Ministers,
(b)ceases to hold office on reaching the age of 70 years.
(5)In making appointments of JPs, except—
(a)appointments under subsection (7)(b),
(b)reappointments under section 70(2),
the Scottish Ministers must comply with such provision as to procedure and consultation as they may by order make.
(6)Provision in an order under subsection (5) may, in particular, relate to—
(a)the participation in the appointments process of persons who are not—
(ii)involved in the administration of the law or of government,
(b)the manner in which vacancies in office are publicised.
(7)A person who, on the coming into force of this section, holds the office of justice of the peace under the 1975 Act—
(a)ceases to hold that office under that Act on such day as the Scottish Ministers may by order specify for the purpose of this subsection, and
(b)is, on the day so specified, to be appointed as a JP under subsection (1) unless the person declines the appointment.
(8)Subsection (7)(b) applies only in relation to the full justices (within the meaning given by section 9 of the 1975 Act) whose names were included in a duty rota of justices (that is, such a rota as approved under section 16(1)(b) of that Act) for any time during the 12 months ending on the day specified as mentioned in that subsection.
[F1(9)Where a person is, by virtue of subsection (7)(b), appointed as a JP under subsection (1), an oath previously taken by the person as required by section 6 of the Promissory Oaths Act 1868 (c. 72) (and in accordance with Promissory Oaths Act 1871 (c. 48)) in relation to the holding by the person of the office of justice of the peace under the 1975 Act also counts in relation to the person's appointment as a JP under subsection (1).]
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