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Criminal Procedure (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 2004

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Part 1 SProceedings in the High Court

Preliminary hearingsS

1Preliminary hearingsS

(1)In subsection (6) of section 66 (service and lodging of indictment etc.) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c. 46) (referred to in this Act as “the 1995 Act”)—

(a)in paragraph (a)—

(i)after “court” insert—

(i),

(ii)at the end insert ; and

(ii)at a trial diet not less than 29 clear days after service of the indictment,, and

(b)for paragraph (b) substitute—

(b)where the indictment is in respect of the High Court, at a diet not less than 29 clear days after the service of the indictment (such a diet being referred to in this Act as a “preliminary hearing”)..

(2)In subsection (6A) of that section, paragraph (b) and the word “and” immediately preceding it are repealed.

(3)For sections 72 to 73A of the 1995 Act substitute—

72Preliminary hearing: procedure up to appointment of trial diet

(1)A preliminary hearing shall be conducted in accordance with this section and section 72A.

(2)The court shall—

(a)where the accused is charged with an offence to which section 288C of this Act applies; or

(b)in any case—

(i)in respect of which section 288E of this Act applies; or

(ii)in which an order has been made under section 288F(2) of this Act,

before taking any further step under this section, ascertain whether the accused has engaged a solicitor for the purposes of the conduct of his case at or for the purposes of the preliminary hearing.

(3)After complying with subsection (2) above, the court shall dispose of any preliminary pleas (within the meaning of section 79(2)(a) of this Act) of which a party has given notice not less than 7 clear days before the preliminary hearing to the court and to the other parties.

(4)After disposing of any preliminary pleas under subsection (3) above, the court shall require the accused to state how he pleads to the indictment.

(5)If the accused tenders a plea of guilty, section 77 of this Act shall apply.

(6)After the accused has stated how he pleads to the indictment, the court shall, unless a plea of guilty is tendered and accepted—

(a)in any case—

(i)where the accused is charged with an offence to which section 288C of this Act applies;

(ii)in respect of which section 288E of this Act applies; or

(iii)in which an order has been made under section 288F(2) of this Act,

ascertain whether the accused has engaged a solicitor for the purposes of his defence at the trial;

(b)unless it considers it inappropriate to do so at the preliminary hearing, dispose of—

(i)any preliminary issues (within the meaning of section 79(2)(b) of this Act) of which a party has given notice not less than 7 clear days before the preliminary hearing to the court and to the other parties;

(ii)any child witness notice under section 271A(2) or vulnerable witness application under section 271C(2) appointed to be disposed of at the preliminary hearing;

(iii)subject to subsection (8) below, any application under section 275(1) or 288F(2) of this Act made before the preliminary hearing; and

(iv)any other matter which, in the opinion of the court, could be disposed of with advantage before the trial;

(c)ascertain whether there is any objection to the admissibility of any evidence which any party wishes to raise despite not having given the notice referred to in paragraph (b)(i) above, and—

(i)if so, decide whether to grant leave under section 79(1) of this Act for the objection to be raised; and

(ii)if leave is granted, dispose of the objection unless it considers it inappropriate to do so at the preliminary hearing;

(d)ascertain which of the witnesses included in the list of witnesses are required by the prosecutor or the accused to attend the trial;

(e)ascertain whether subsection (7) below applies to any person who is to give evidence at or for the purposes of the trial or to the accused and, if so, consider whether it should make an order under section 271A(7) or 271D(2) of this Act in relation to the person or, as the case may be, the accused; and

(f)ascertain, so far as is reasonably practicable—

(i)the state of preparation of the prosecutor and the accused with respect to their cases; and

(ii)the extent to which the prosecutor and the accused have complied with the duty under section 257(1) of this Act.

(7)This subsection applies—

(a)to a person who is to give evidence at or for the purposes of the trial if that person is, or is likely to be, a vulnerable witness;

(b)to the accused if, were he to give evidence at or for the purposes of the trial, he would be, or would be likely to be, a vulnerable witness.

(8)Where any application or notice such as is mentioned in subsection (6)(b)(iii) above is required by the provision under which it is made or lodged, or by any other provision of this Act, to be made or lodged by a certain time, the court—

(a)shall not be required under that subsection to dispose of it unless it has been made or lodged by that time; but

(b)shall have power to dispose of it to the extent that the provision under which it was made, or any other provision of this Act, allows it to be disposed of notwithstanding that it was not made or lodged in time.

(9)Where the court decides not to dispose of any preliminary issue, application, notice, objection or other matter referred to in subsection (6)(b) or (c) above at the preliminary hearing, it may—

(a)appoint a further diet, to be held before the trial diet appointed under section 72A of this Act, for the purpose of disposing of the issue, application, notice, objection or matter; or

(b)appoint the issue, application, notice, objection or other matter to be disposed of at the trial diet.

72APreliminary hearing: appointment of trial diet

(1)In any case in which subsection (6) of section 72 of this Act applies, the court shall, at the preliminary hearing—

(a)after complying with that subsection;

(b)having regard to earlier proceedings at the preliminary hearing; and

(c)subject to subsections (3) to (7) below,

appoint a trial diet.

(2)In appointing a trial diet under subsection (1) above, the court may, if satisfied that it is appropriate to do so, indicate that the diet is to be a floating diet for the purposes of section 83A of this Act.

(3)In any case in which the 12 month period applies (whether or not the 140 day period also applies in the case)—

(a)if the court considers that the case would be likely to be ready to proceed to trial within that period, it shall, subject to subsections (5) to (7) below, appoint a trial diet for a date within that period; or

(b)if the court considers that the case would not be likely to be so ready, it shall give the prosecutor an opportunity to make an application to the court under section 65(3) of this Act for an extension of the 12 month period.

(4)Where paragraph (b) of subsection (3) above applies—

(a)if such an application as is mentioned in that paragraph is made and granted, the court shall, subject to subsections (5) to (7) below, appoint a trial diet for a date within the 12 month period as extended; or

(b)if no such application is made or if one is made but is refused by the court—

(i)the court may desert the preliminary hearing simpliciter or pro loco et tempore; and

(ii)where the accused is committed until liberated in due course of law, he shall be liberated forthwith.

(5)Subsection (6) below applies in any case in which—

(a)the 140 day period as well as the 12 month period applies; and

(b)the court is required, by virtue of subsection (3)(a) or (4)(a) above, to appoint a trial diet within the 12 month period.

(6)In such a case—

(a)if the court considers that the case would be likely to be ready to proceed to trial within the 140 day period, it shall appoint a trial diet for a date within that period as well as within the 12 month period; or

(b)if the court considers that the case would not be likely to be so ready, it shall give the prosecutor an opportunity to make an application under section 65(5) of this Act for an extension of the 140 day period.

(7)Where paragraph (b) of subsection (6) above applies—

(a)if such an application as is mentioned in that paragraph is made and granted, the court shall appoint a trial diet for a date within the 140 day period as extended as well as within the 12 month period;

(b)if no such application is made or if one is made but is refused by the court—

(i)the court shall proceed under subsection (3)(a) or, as the case may be, (4)(a) above to appoint a trial diet for a date within the 12 month period; and

(ii)the accused shall then be entitled to be admitted to bail.

(8)Where an accused is, by virtue of subsection (7)(b)(ii) above, entitled to be admitted to bail, the court shall, before admitting him to bail, give the prosecutor an opportunity to be heard.

(9)On appointing a trial diet under this section in a case where the accused has been admitted to bail (otherwise than by virtue of subsection (7)(b)(ii) above), the court, after giving the parties an opportunity to be heard—

(a)shall review the conditions imposed on his bail; and

(b)having done so, may, if it considers it appropriate to do so, fix bail on different conditions.

(10)In this section—

  • the 12 month period” means the period specified in subsection (1)(b) of section 65 of this Act and, in any case in which that period has been extended under subsection (3) of that section, includes that period as so extended; and

  • the 140 day period” means the period specified in subsection (4)(aa)(ii) of that section and, in any case in which that period has been extended under subsection (5) of that section, includes that period as so extended.

72BPower to dispense with preliminary hearing

(1)The court may, on an application made to it jointly by the parties, dispense with a preliminary hearing and appoint a trial diet if the court is satisfied on the basis of the application that—

(a)the state of preparation of the prosecutor and the accused with respect to their cases is such that the case is likely to be ready to proceed to trial on the date to be appointed for the trial diet;

(b)there are no preliminary pleas, preliminary issues or other matters which require to be, or could with advantage be, disposed of before the trial; and

(c)there are no persons to whom section 72(7) of this Act applies.

(2)An application under subsection (1) above shall identify which (if any) of the witnesses included in the list of witnesses are required by the prosecutor or the accused to attend the trial.

(3)Where a trial diet is to be appointed under subsection (1) above, it shall be appointed in accordance with such procedure as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal.

(4)Where a trial diet is appointed under subsection (1) above, the accused shall appear at the diet and answer the indictment.

(5)The fact that a preliminary hearing in any case has been dispensed with under subsection (1) above shall not affect the calculation in that case of any time limit for the giving of any notice or the doing of any other thing under this Act, being a time limit fixed by reference to the preliminary hearing.

(6)Accordingly, any such time limit shall have effect in any such case as if it were fixed by reference to the date on which the preliminary hearing would have been held if it had not been dispensed with.

72CProcedure where preliminary hearing does not proceed

(1)The prosecutor shall not raise a fresh libel in any case in which the court has deserted a preliminary hearing simpliciter unless the court’s decision has been reversed on appeal.

(2)Where a preliminary hearing is deserted pro loco et tempore, the court may appoint a further preliminary hearing for a later date and the accused shall appear and answer the indictment at that hearing.

(3)Subsection (4) below applies where, at a preliminary hearing—

(a)the hearing has been deserted pro loco et tempore for any reason and no further preliminary hearing has been appointed under subsection (2) above; or

(b)the indictment is for any reason not proceeded with and the hearing has not been adjourned or postponed.

(4)Where this subsection applies, the prosecutor may, at any time within the period of two months after the relevant date, give notice to the accused on another copy of the indictment to appear and answer the indictment—

(a)at a further preliminary hearing in the High Court not less than seven clear days after the date of service of the notice; or

(b)at—

(i)a first diet not less than 15 clear days after the service of the notice and not less than 10 clear days before the trial diet; and

(ii)a trial diet not less than 29 clear days after the service of the notice,

in the sheriff court where the charge is one that can lawfully be tried in that court.

(5)Where notice is given to the accused under subsection (4)(b) above, then for the purposes of section 65(4) of this Act—

(a)the giving of the notice shall be taken to be service of an indictment in respect of the sheriff court; and

(b)the previous service of the indictment in respect of the High Court shall be disregarded.

(6)In subsection (4) above, “the relevant date” means—

(a)where paragraph (a) of subsection (3) above applies, the date on which the diet was deserted as mentioned in that paragraph; or

(b)where paragraph (b) of that subsection applies, the date of the preliminary hearing referred to in that paragraph.

(7)A notice referred to in subsection (4) above shall be in such form as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal, or as nearly as may be in such form.

72DPreliminary hearing: further provision

(1)The court may, on cause shown, allow a preliminary hearing to proceed notwithstanding the absence of the accused.

(2)Where—

(a)the accused is a body corporate;

(b)it fails to appear at a preliminary hearing;

(c)the court allows the hearing to proceed in its absence under subsection (1) above; and

(d)no plea is entered on its behalf at the hearing,

it shall be treated for the purposes of proceedings at the preliminary hearing as having pled not guilty.

(3)Where, at a preliminary hearing, a trial diet is appointed, the accused shall appear at the trial diet and answer the indictment.

(4)At a preliminary hearing, the court—

(a)shall take into account any written record lodged under section 72E of this Act; and

(b)may ask the prosecutor and the accused any question in connection with any matter which it is required to dispose of or ascertain under section 72 of this Act.

(5)The proceedings at a preliminary hearing shall be recorded by means of shorthand notes or by mechanical means.

(6)Subsections (2) to (4) of section 93 of this Act shall apply for the purposes of the recording of proceedings at a preliminary hearing in accordance with subsection (5) above as they apply for the purposes of the recording of proceedings at the trial in accordance with subsection (1) of that section.

(7)The Clerk of Justiciary shall prepare, in such form and manner as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal, a minute of proceedings at a preliminary hearing, which shall record, in particular, whether any preliminary pleas or issues were disposed of and, if so, how they were disposed of.

(8)In this section, references to a preliminary hearing include an adjourned preliminary hearing.

(9)In this section and sections 72 to 72C, “the court” means the High Court..

2Written record of state of preparation in certain casesS

After section 72D of the 1995 Act (as inserted by section 1(3) of this Act) insert—

72EWritten record of state of preparation in certain cases

(1)This section applies where, in any proceedings in the High Court, a solicitor has notified the Court under section 72F(1) of this Act that he has been engaged by the accused for the purposes of the conduct of his case at the preliminary hearing.

(2)The prosecutor and the accused’s legal representative shall, not less than two days before the preliminary hearing—

(a)communicate with each other with a view to jointly preparing a written record of their state of preparation with respect to their cases (referred to in this section as “the written record”); and

(b)lodge the written record with the Clerk of Justiciary.

(3)The High Court may, on cause shown, allow the written record to be lodged after the time referred to in subsection (2) above.

(4)The written record shall—

(a)be in such form, or as nearly as may be in such form;

(b)contain such information; and

(c)be lodged in such manner,

as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal.

(5)The written record may contain, in addition to the information required by virtue of subsection (4)(b) above, such other information as the prosecutor and the accused’s legal representative consider appropriate.

(6)In this section—

  • the accused’s legal representative” means—

    (a)

    the solicitor referred to in subsection (1) above; or

    (b)

    where the solicitor has instructed counsel for the purposes of the conduct of the accused’s case at the preliminary hearing, either the solicitor or that counsel, or both of them; and

  • counsel” includes a solicitor who has a right of audience in the High Court of Justiciary under section 25A (rights of audience in various courts including the High Court of Justiciary) of the Solicitors (Scotland) Act 1980 (c. 46)..

3AppealsS

(1)Section 74 (appeals in connection with preliminary diets) of the 1995 Act is amended in accordance with this section.

(2)In subsection (1), for the word “diet” where it secondly occurs, substitute “ hearing ”.

(3)In subsection (2)—

(a)in paragraph (a)—

(i)after the word “first” insert “ diet ”,

(ii)for the word “diet” where it first occurs, substitute “ hearing ”,

(b)in paragraph (aa), in sub-paragraph (ii), for the words “diet, section 73(3A)” substitute “ hearing, section 72(6)(e) ”,

(c)after paragraph (aa) insert—

(ab)may not be taken against a decision at a preliminary hearing, in appointing a trial diet, to appoint or not to appoint it as a floating diet for the purposes of section 83A(2) of this Act;.

(4)In subsection (3), for the words “the trial diet” substitute “ any trial diet that has been appointed ”.

(5)After that subsection insert—

(3A)Where an appeal is taken under subsection (1) above against a decision at a preliminary hearing, the High Court may adjourn, or further adjourn, the preliminary hearing for such period as appears to it to be appropriate and may, if it thinks fit, direct that such period (or some part of it) shall not count towards any time limit applying in respect of the case..

(6)In subsection (4)(b), after “fix” insert—

(i)where the indictment is in respect of the High Court, a further preliminary hearing; or

(ii)where the indictment is in respect of the sheriff court,.

4Prohibition on accused conducting case in person in certain casesS

(1)In section 288C(1) of the 1995 Act (prohibition of personal conduct of defence in cases of certain sexual offences), after “conducting” insert—

(a)his case in person at or for the purposes of a preliminary hearing; and

(b).

(2)In section 288D(2)(a) of that Act (appointment by the court of a solicitor in such cases), after “of” insert—

(i)the conduct of his case at or for the purposes of a preliminary hearing; or

(ii).

(3)In section 288E of that Act (prohibition of personal conduct of defence in certain cases involving child witnesses under the age of 12)—

(a)in subsection (1), after “conducting” insert—

(a)his case in person at or for the purposes of a preliminary hearing; and

(b),

(b)in subsection (6)—

(i)before paragraph (a) insert—

(za)where he is indicted to the High Court in respect of the offence, that his case at or for the purposes of the preliminary hearing may be conducted only by a lawyer,,

(ii)in paragraph (c), after the word “of” insert “ the conduct of his case at or for the purposes of the preliminary hearing (if he is indicted to the High Court in respect of the offence) or ”.

(4)In section 288F of that Act (power to prohibit personal conduct of defence in cases involving vulnerable witnesses), after subsection (4) insert—

(4A)Where, in any proceedings in the High Court, an order is made under subsection (2) above before or at the preliminary hearing, the accused is also prohibited from conducting or, as the case may be, continuing to conduct, his case in person at or for the purposes of the preliminary hearing..

Continuation of trial dietS

5Continuation of trial dietS

After section 83 (transfer of sheriff court solemn proceedings) of the 1995 Act insert—

Continuation of trial diet in the High CourtS
83AContinuation of trial diet in the High Court

(1)Where, in any case which is to be tried in the High Court, the trial diet does not commence on the day appointed for the holding of the diet, the indictment shall fall.

(2)However, where, in appointing a day for the holding of the trial diet, the Court has indicated that the diet is to be a floating diet, the diet and, if it is adjourned, the adjourned diet may, without having been commenced, be continued from sitting day to sitting day—

(a)by minute, in such form as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal, signed by the Clerk of Justiciary; and

(b)up to such maximum number of sitting days after the day originally appointed for the trial diet as may be so prescribed.

(3)If such a trial diet or adjourned diet is not commenced by the end of the last sitting day to which it may be continued by virtue of subsection (2)(b) above, the indictment shall fall.

(4)For the purposes of this section, a trial diet or adjourned trial diet shall be taken to commence when it is called.

(5)In this section, “sitting day” means any day on which the court is sitting, but does not include any Saturday or Sunday or any day which is a court holiday..

Part 2 SSolemn proceedings generally

6Time limitsS

(1)Section 65 (prevention of delay in trials) of the 1995 Act is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), for the words from “the trial” to “that period” substitute—

(a)where an indictment has been served on the accused in respect of the High Court, a preliminary hearing is commenced within the period of 11 months; and

(b)in any case, the trial is commenced within the period of 12 months,

of the first appearance of the accused on petition in respect of the offence.

(1A)If the preliminary hearing (where subsection (1)(a) above applies) or the trial is not so commenced,.

(3)In subsection (2), after “(1)” insert “ or (1A) ”.

(4)In subsection (3), for the words from “the sheriff” to the end substitute—

(a)where an indictment has been served on the accused in respect of the High Court, a single judge of that court may, on cause shown, extend either or both of the periods of 11 and 12 months specified in subsection (1) above; or

(b)in any other case, the sheriff may, on cause shown, extend the period of 12 months specified in that subsection..

(5)In subsection (4)—

(a)in paragraph (a), for the words “liberated forthwith” substitute “ entitled to be admitted to bail ”,

(b)after paragraph (a) insert—

(aa)where an indictment has been served on the accused in respect of the High Court—

(i)110 days, unless a preliminary hearing in respect of the case is commenced within that period, which failing he shall be entitled to be admitted to bail; or

(ii)140 days, unless the trial of the case is commenced within that period, which failing he shall be entitled to be admitted to bail;,

(c)in paragraph (b)—

(i)at the beginning, insert “ where an indictment has been served on the accused in respect of the sheriff court, ”,

(ii)for the words from “liberated” to the end substitute “ entitled to be admitted to bail ”.

(6)After subsection (4) insert—

(4A)Where an indictment has been served on the accused in respect of the High Court, subsections (1)(a) and (4)(aa)(i) above shall not apply if the preliminary hearing has been dispensed with under section 72B(1) of this Act..

(7)For subsection (5) substitute—

(5)On an application made for the purpose—

(a)in a case where, at the time the application is made, an indictment has not been served on the accused, a single judge of the High Court; or

(b)in any other case, the court specified in the notice served under section 66(6) of this Act,

may, on cause shown, extend any period mentioned in subsection (4) above.

(5A)Before determining an application under subsection (3) or (5) above, the judge or, as the case may be, the court shall give the parties an opportunity to be heard.

(5B)However, where all the parties join in the application, the judge or, as the case may be, the court may determine the application without hearing the parties and, accordingly, may dispense with any hearing previously appointed for the purpose of considering the application..

(8)Subsections (6) and (7) are repealed.

(9)After subsection (8) insert—

(8A)Where an accused is, by virtue of subsection (4) above, entitled to be admitted to bail, the accused shall, unless he has been admitted to bail by the Lord Advocate, be brought forthwith before—

(a)in a case where an indictment has not yet been served on the accused, a single judge of the High Court; or

(b)in any other case, the court specified in the notice served under section 66(6) of this Act.

(8B)Where an accused is brought before a judge or court under subsection (8A) above, the judge or, as the case may be, the court shall give the prosecutor an opportunity to make an application under subsection (5) above.

(8C)If the prosecutor does not make such an application or, if such an application is made but is refused, the judge or, as the case may be, the court shall, after giving the prosecutor an opportunity to be heard, admit the accused to bail.

(8D)Where such an application is made but is refused and the prosecutor appeals against the refusal, the accused—

(a)may continue to be detained under the committal warrant for no more than 72 hours from the granting of bail under subsection (8C) above or for such longer period as the High Court may allow; and

(b)on expiry of that period, shall, whether the appeal has been disposed of or not, be released on bail subject to the conditions imposed..

(10)In subsection (9), after “section,” insert—

(a)where the accused is cited in accordance with subsection (4)(b) of section 66 of this Act, the indictment shall be deemed to have been served on the accused;

(b)a preliminary hearing shall be taken to commence when it is called; and

(c).

(11)In subsection (10), for “period of” substitute “ periods of 11 and ”.

7CitationS

(1)Section 66 (service and lodging of indictment, etc.) of the 1995 Act is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (1) substitute—

(1)This Act shall be sufficient warrant for—

(a)the citation of the accused and witnesses to—

(i)any diet of the High Court to be held on any day, and at any place, the Court is sitting;

(ii)any diet of the sheriff court to be held on any day the court is sitting; or

(iii)any adjournment of a diet specified in sub-paragraph (i) or (ii) above; and

(b)the citation of jurors for any trial to be held—

(i)in the High Court; or

(ii)under solemn procedure in the sheriff court..

(3)In subsection (4), in paragraph (b)—

(a)at the beginning insert “ if the accused, at the time of citation, is not in custody, ”, and

(b)for “accused’s dwelling-house or place of business” substitute “ relevant premises ”.

(4)After subsection (4) insert—

((4ZA))In subsection (4)(b) above, “the relevant premises” means—

(a)where the accused, at the time of citation, has been admitted to bail, his proper domicile of citation as specified for the purposes of section 25 of this Act; or

(b)in any other case, any premises which the constable reasonably believes to be the accused’s dwelling-house or place of business..

(5)After subsection (6B) insert—

(6C)An accused shall be taken to be served with—

(a)the indictment and lists of witnesses and productions; and

(b)the notice referred to in subsection (6) above,

if they are served on the solicitor specified in subsection (6D) below at that solicitor’s place of business.

(6D)The solicitor referred to in subsection (6C) above is any solicitor who—

(a)has notified in writing the procurator fiscal for the district in which the charge against the accused was being investigated that he is engaged by the accused for the purposes of his defence; and

(b)has not informed that procurator fiscal that he has been dismissed by, or has withdrawn from acting for, the accused.

(6E)It is the duty of a solicitor who has, before service of an indictment, notified a procurator fiscal that he is engaged by the accused for the purposes of his defence to inform that procurator fiscal in writing forthwith if he is dismissed by, or withdraws from acting for, the accused..

(6)Subsection (8) is repealed.

8Engagement, dismissal and withdrawal of solicitor representing accusedS

After section 72E of the 1995 Act (as inserted by section 2 of this Act), insert—

72FEngagement, dismissal and withdrawal of solicitor representing accused

(1)In any proceedings on indictment, it is the duty of a solicitor who is engaged by the accused for the purposes of his defence at any part of the proceedings to notify the court and the prosecutor of that fact forthwith in writing.

(2)A solicitor is to be taken to have complied with the duty under subsection (1) to notify the prosecutor of his engagement if, before service of the indictment, he—

(a)notified in writing the procurator fiscal for the district in which the charge against the accused was then being investigated that he was then engaged by the accused for the purposes of his defence; and

(b)had not notified that procurator fiscal in writing that he had been dismissed by the accused or had withdrawn from acting.

(3)Where any such solicitor as is referred to in subsection (1) above—

(a)is dismissed by the accused; or

(b)withdraws,

it is the duty of the solicitor to inform the court and the prosecutor of those facts forthwith in writing.

(4)The prosecutor shall, for the purposes of subsections (1) and (3), be taken to be notified or informed of any fact in accordance with those subsections if—

(a)in proceedings in the High Court, the Crown Agent; or

(b)in proceedings on indictment in the sheriff court, the procurator fiscal for the district in which the trial diet is to be held,

is so notified or, as the case may be, informed of the fact.

(5)On being informed in accordance with subsection (3) above of the dismissal or withdrawal of the accused’s solicitor in any case to which subsections (6) and (7) below apply, the court shall order that, before the trial diet, there shall be a further pre-trial diet under this section.

(6)This subsection applies to any case—

(a)where the accused is charged with an offence to which section 288C of this Act applies;

(b)in respect of which section 288E of this Act applies; or

(c)in which an order has been made under section 288F(2) of this Act.

(7)This subsection applies to any case in which—

(a)the solicitor was engaged for the purposes of the defence of the accused—

(i)in the case of proceedings in the High Court, at the time of a preliminary hearing or, if a preliminary hearing was dispensed with under section 72B(1) of this Act, at the time it was so dispensed with;

(ii)in the case of solemn proceedings in the sheriff court, at the time of a first diet;

(iii)at the time of a diet under this section; or

(iv)in the case of a diet which, under subsection (11) below, is dispensed with, at the time when it was so dispensed with; and

(b)the court is informed as mentioned in subsection (3) above after that time but before the trial diet.

(8)At a diet under this section, the court shall ascertain whether or not the accused has engaged another solicitor for the purposes of his defence at the trial.

(9)A diet under this section shall be not less than 10 clear days before the trial diet.

(10)A court may, at a diet under this section, postpone the trial diet for such period as appears to it to be appropriate and may, if it thinks fit, direct that such period (or some part of it) shall not count towards any time limit applying in respect of the case.

(11)The court may dispense with a diet under this section previously ordered, but only if a solicitor engaged by the accused for the purposes of the defence of the accused at the trial has, in writing—

(a)confirmed his engagement for that purpose; and

(b)requested that the diet be dispensed with..

9Procedure where trial diet does not proceedS

For section 81 (procedure where trial diet does not proceed) of the 1995 Act substitute—

81Procedure where trial diet does not proceed

(1)The prosecutor shall not raise a fresh libel in a case in which the court has deserted the trial simpliciter unless the court’s decision has been reversed on appeal.

(2)Where a trial diet in any proceedings on indictment is deserted pro loco et tempore the court may appoint a further trial diet for a later date and the accused shall appear and answer the indictment at that diet.

(3)In appointing a further trial diet under subsection (2) above, the court—

(a)shall have regard to the state of preparation of the prosecutor and the accused with respect to their cases and, in particular, to the likelihood of the case being ready to proceed to trial on the date to be appointed for the trial diet; and

(b)may, if it appears to the court that there are any preliminary pleas, preliminary issues or other matters which require to be, or could with advantage be, disposed of or ascertained before the trial diet, appoint a diet to be held before the trial diet for the purpose of disposing of or, as the case may be, ascertaining them.

(4)Subsection (5) below applies where, in any proceedings on indictment in which a trial diet has been appointed—

(a)the diet has been deserted pro loco et tempore for any reason and no further trial diet has been appointed under subsection (2) above; or

(b)the indictment falls or is for any other reason not brought to trial and the diet has not been continued, adjourned or postponed.

(5)Where this subsection applies, the prosecutor may, at any time within the period of two months after the relevant date, give notice to the accused on another copy of the indictment to appear and answer the indictment—

(a)where the trial diet referred to in subsection (4) above was in the High Court—

(i)at a further preliminary hearing in that Court not less than seven clear days after service of the notice; or

(ii)where the charge is one that can lawfully be tried in the sheriff court, at a first diet not less than 15 clear days after service of the notice and not less than 10 clear days before the trial diet and at a trial diet not less than 29 clear days after service of the notice; or

(b)where the trial diet referred to in subsection (4) was in the sheriff court—

(i)at a further trial diet in that court not less than seven clear days after service of the notice; or

(ii)at a preliminary hearing in the High Court not less than 21 clear days after service of the notice.

(6)Where notice is given to the accused under paragraph (a)(ii) or (b)(ii) of subsection (5) above, then for the purposes of section 65(4) of this Act—

(a)the giving of the notice shall be taken to be service of an indictment in respect of—

(i)in the case of a notice under paragraph (a)(ii) of subsection (5) above, the sheriff court; or

(ii)in the case of a notice under paragraph (b)(ii) of that subsection, the High Court; and

(b)the previous service of the indictment in respect of—

(i)in the case of a notice under paragraph (a)(ii) of subsection (5), the High Court; or

(ii)in the case of a notice under paragraph (b)(ii) of that subsection, the sheriff court,

shall be disregarded.

(7)A notice under subsection (5) above shall be in such form as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal, or as nearly as may be in such form.

(8)In subsection (5) above, “the relevant date” means—

(a)where paragraph (a) of subsection (4) applies, the date on which the trial diet was deserted as mentioned in that paragraph; or

(b)where paragraph (b) of that subsection applies, the date of the trial diet referred to in that subsection..

10Trial in absence of accusedS

(1)In subsection (1) of section 92 (trial in presence of accused) of the 1995 Act, for “subsection (2)” substitute “ subsections (2) and (2A) ”.

(2)In subsection (2) of that section, the words “counsel or” are repealed.

(3)After subsection (2) of that section insert—

(2A)If—

(a)after evidence has been led which substantially implicates the accused in respect of the offence charged in the indictment or, where two or more offences are charged in the indictment, any of them, the accused fails to appear at the trial diet; and

(b)the failure to appear occurred at a point in proceedings where the court is satisfied that it is in the interests of justice to do so,

then the court may, on the motion of the prosecutor and after hearing the parties on the motion, proceed with the trial and dispose of the case in the absence of the accused.

(2B)Where a motion is made under subsection (2A) above, the court shall—

(a)if satisfied that there is a solicitor with authority to act for the purposes of—

(i)representing the accused’s interests at the hearing on the motion; and

(ii)if the motion is granted, the accused’s defence at the trial,

allow that solicitor to act for those purposes; or

(b)if there is no such solicitor, at its own hand appoint a solicitor to act for those purposes.

(2C)It is the duty of a solicitor appointed under subsection (2) or (2B)(b) above to act in the best interests of the accused.

(2D)In all other respects, a solicitor so appointed has, and may be made subject to, the same obligations and has, and may be given, the same authority as if engaged by the accused; and any employment of and instructions given to counsel by the solicitor shall proceed and be treated accordingly.

(2E)Where the court is satisfied that—

(a)a solicitor allowed to act under subsection (2B)(a) above no longer has authority to act; or

(b)a solicitor appointed under subsection (2) or (2B)(b) above is no longer able to act in the best interests of the accused,

the court may relieve that solicitor and appoint another solicitor for the purposes referred to in subsection (2) or, as the case may be, (2B) above.

(2F)Subsections (2B)(b) and (2E) above shall not apply in the case of proceedings—

(a)in respect of a sexual offence to which section 288C of this Act applies; or

(b)in which an order has been made under section 288E(2) of this Act..

(4)After subsection (3) of that section insert—

(4)In this section—

(a)references to a solicitor appointed under subsection (2) or (2B)(b) above include references to a solicitor appointed under subsection (2E) above;

(b)counsel” includes, in relation to the High Court of Justiciary, a solicitor who has a right of audience in that Court under section 25A of the Solicitors (Scotland) Act 1980 (c. 46)..

(5)After subsection (6A) of section 66 (service and lodging of indictment etc.) of the 1995 Act insert—

(6AA)A notice affixed under subsection (4)(b) above or served under subsection (6) above shall, where the accused is a body corporate, also contain intimation to the accused—

(a)where the indictment is in respect of the High Court, that, if it does not appear as mentioned in section 70(4) of this Act or by counsel or a solicitor at the preliminary hearing—

(i)the hearing may proceed; and

(ii)a trial diet may be appointed,

in its absence; and

(b)in any case (whether the indictment is in respect of the High Court or the sheriff court), that if it does not appear as mentioned in paragraph (a) above at the trial diet, the trial may proceed in its absence..

(6)In section 70 (proceedings against bodies corporate) of the 1995 Act—

(a)in subsection (5), for the words from “shall” to “hear” substitute may—

(a)on the motion of the prosecutor; and

(b)if satisfied as to the matters specified in subsection (5A) below,

proceed with the trial ,

(b)after that subsection insert—

(5A)The matters referred to in subsection (5)(b) above are—

(a)that the body corporate was cited in accordance with section 66 of this Act as read with subsection (2) above; and

(b)that it is in the interests of justice to proceed as mentioned in subsection (5) above..

(7)In section 22 (automatic availability of criminal legal aid) of the Legal Aid (Scotland) Act 1986 (c. 47), in subsection (1)(dd), after “person)” insert “ or section 92(2), (2B)(b) or (2E) of that Act (appointment of solicitor for accused where the trial is to proceed in his absence) ”.

(8)In section 31 of that Act, in subsection (1A) (exceptions to provision entitling a person receiving legal aid or advice and assistance to select a solicitor and counsel), in paragraph (f), for “section” substitute “ sections 92(2), (2B)(b), (2D) and (2E) and ”.

11Obstructive witnessesS

After section 90 (death or illness of jurors) of the 1995 Act insert—

Obstructive witnessesS

90AApprehension of witnesses in proceedings on indictment

(1)In any proceedings on indictment, the court may, on the application of any of the parties, issue a warrant for the apprehension of a witness if subsection (2) or (3) below applies in relation to the witness.

(2)This subsection applies if the witness, having been duly cited to any diet in the proceedings, deliberately and obstructively fails to appear at the diet.

(3)This subsection applies if the court is satisfied by evidence on oath that the witness is being deliberately obstructive and is not likely to attend to give evidence at any diet in the proceedings without being compelled to do so.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (2) above, a witness who, having been duly cited to any diet, fails to appear at the diet is to be presumed, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, to have so failed deliberately and obstructively.

(5)An application under subsection (1) above—

(a)may be made orally or in writing;

(b)if made in writing—

(i)shall be in such form as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal, or as nearly as may be in such form; and

(ii)may be disposed of in court or in chambers after such inquiry or hearing (if any) as the court considers appropriate.

(6)A warrant issued under this section shall be in such form as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal or as nearly as may be in such form.

(7)A warrant issued under this section in the form mentioned in subsection (6) above shall imply warrant to officers of law—

(a)to search for and apprehend the witness in respect of whom it is issued;

(b)to bring the witness before the court;

(c)in the meantime, to detain the witness in a police station, police cell or other convenient place; and

(d)so far as is necessary for the execution of the warrant, to break open shut and lockfast places.

(8)It shall not be competent, in any proceedings on indictment, for a court to issue a warrant for the apprehension of a witness otherwise than in accordance with this section.

(9)A person apprehended under a warrant issued under this section shall wherever practicable be brought before the court not later than in the course of the first day on which—

(a)in the case of a warrant issued by a single judge of the High Court, that Court;

(b)in any other case, the court,

is sitting after he is taken into custody.

(10)In this section and section 90B, “the court” means, except where the context requires otherwise—

(a)where the witness is to give evidence in proceedings in the High Court, a single judge of that Court; or

(b)where the witness is to give evidence in proceedings on indictment in the sheriff court, any sheriff court with jurisdiction in relation to the proceedings.

90BOrders in respect of witnesses apprehended under section 90A

(1)Where a witness is brought before the court in pursuance of a warrant issued under section 90A of this Act, the court shall, after giving the parties and the witness an opportunity to be heard, make an order—

(a)detaining the witness until the conclusion of the diet at which the witness is to give evidence;

(b)releasing the witness on bail; or

(c)liberating the witness.

(2)The court may make an order under subsection (1)(a) or (b) above only if it is satisfied that—

(a)the order is necessary with a view to securing that the witness appears at the diet at which the witness is to give evidence; and

(b)it is appropriate in all the circumstances to make the order.

(3)Subsection (1) above is without prejudice to any power of the court to—

(a)make a finding of contempt of court in respect of any failure of a witness to appear at a diet to which he has been duly cited; and

(b)dispose of the case accordingly.

(4)Where—

(a)an order under subsection (1)(a) above has been made in respect of a witness; and

(b)at, but before the conclusion of, the diet at which the witness is to give evidence, the court in which the diet is being held excuses the witness,

that court, on excusing the witness, may recall the order under subsection (1)(a) above and liberate the witness.

(5)On making an order under subsection (1)(b) above in respect of a witness, the court shall impose such conditions as it considers necessary with a view to securing that the witness appears at the diet at which he is to give evidence.

(6)However, the court may not impose as such a condition a requirement that the witness or a cautioner on his behalf deposit a sum of money in court.

(7)Where the court makes an order under subsection (1)(a) above in respect of a witness, the court shall, on the application of the witness—

(a)consider whether the imposition of a remote monitoring requirement would enable it to make an order under subsection (1)(b) above releasing the witness on bail subject to a movement restriction condition; and

(b)if so—

(i)make an order under subsection (1)(b) above releasing the witness on bail subject to such a condition (as well as such other conditions required to be imposed under subsection (5) above); and

(ii)in the order, impose, as a further condition under subsection (5) above, a remote monitoring requirement.

(8)Subsections (7) to (19) of section 24A of this Act apply in relation to remote monitoring requirements imposed under subsection (7)(b)(ii) above and to the imposing of such requirements as they apply to remote monitoring requirements imposed under section 24A(1) or (2) of this Act and the imposing of such requirements, but with the following modifications—

(a)references to a remote monitoring requirement imposed under section 24A(1) or (2) of this Act shall be read as if they included references to a remote monitoring requirement imposed under subsection (7)(b)(ii) above;

(b)references to the accused shall be read as if they were references to the witness in respect of whom the order under subsection (1)(b) above is made.

(9)The powers conferred and duties imposed by sections 24B to 24D of this Act are exercisable in relation to remote monitoring requirements imposed under subsection (7)(b)(ii) above as they are exercisable in relation to remote monitoring requirements imposed under subsection (1) or (2) of section 24A of this Act; and—

(a)references in those sections to remote monitoring requirements shall be read accordingly; and

(b)references to the imposition of any requirement as a further condition of bail shall be read as if they were references to the imposition of the requirement as a further condition under subsection (5) above.

(10)Section 25 of this Act (which makes provision for an order granting bail to specify the conditions imposed on bail and the accused’s proper domicile of citation) shall apply in relation to an order under subsection (1)(b) above as it applies to an order granting bail, but with the following modifications—

(a)references to the accused shall be read as if they were references to the witness in respect of whom the order under subsection (1)(b) above is made;

(b)references to the order granting bail shall be read as if they were references to the order under subsection (1)(b) above;

(c)subsection (3) shall be read as if for the words from “relating” to “offence” in the third place where it occurs there were substituted “ at which the witness is to give evidence ”.

(11)In this section—

(a)a movement restriction condition” means, in relation to a witness released on bail under subsection (1)(b) above, a condition imposed under subsection (5) above restricting the witness’s movements, including such a condition requiring the witness to be, or not to be, in any place or description of place for, or during, any period or periods or at any time; and

(b)a remote monitoring requirement” means, in relation to a movement restriction condition, a requirement that compliance with the condition be remotely monitored.

90CBreach of bail under section 90B(1)(b)

(1)A witness who, having been released on bail by virtue of an order under subsection (1)(b) of section 90B of this Act, fails without reasonable excuse—

(a)to appear at any diet to which he has been cited; or

(b)to comply with any condition imposed under subsection (5) of that section,

shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction on indictment to the penalties specified in subsection (2) below.

(2)Those penalties are—

(a)a fine; and

(b)imprisonment for a period not exceeding two years.

(3)Subsection (4) below applies in proceedings against a witness for an offence under paragraph (b) of subsection (1) above where the condition referred to in that paragraph is—

(a)a movement restriction condition (within the meaning of section 90B(11) of this Act) in respect of which a remote monitoring requirement has been imposed under section 90B(7)(b)(ii) of this Act; or

(b)a requirement imposed under section 24D(3)(b) (as extended by section 90B(9)) of this Act.

(4)In proceedings in which this subsection applies, evidence of—

(a)in the case referred to in subsection (3)(a) above, the presence or absence of the witness at a particular place at a particular time; or

(b)in the case referred to in subsection (3)(b) above, any tampering with or damage to a device worn or carried by the witness for the purpose of remotely monitoring his whereabouts,

may, subject to subsections (7) and (8) below, be given by the production of the document or documents referred to in subsection (5) below.

(5)That document or those documents is or are a document or documents bearing to be—

(a)a statement automatically produced by a device specified in regulations made under section 24D(4) (as extended by section 90B(9)) of this Act by which the witness’s whereabouts were remotely monitored; and

(b)a certificate signed by a person nominated for the purpose of this paragraph by the Scottish Ministers that the statement relates to—

(i)in the case referred to in subsection (3)(a) above, the whereabouts of the witness at the dates and times shown in the statement; or

(ii)in the case referred to in subsection (3)(b) above, any tampering with or damage to the device.

(6)The statement and certificate mentioned in subsection (5) above shall, when produced in the proceedings, be sufficient evidence of the facts set out in them.

(7)Neither the statement nor the certificate mentioned in subsection (5) above shall be admissible in evidence unless a copy of both has been served on the witness prior to the trial.

(8)Without prejudice to subsection (7) above, where it appears to the court that the witness has had insufficient notice of the statement or certificate, it may adjourn the trial or make an order which it thinks appropriate in the circumstances.

(9)In subsections (7) and (8), “the trial” means the trial in the proceedings against the witness referred to in subsection (3) above.

(10)Section 28 of this Act shall apply in respect of a witness who has been released on bail by virtue of an order under section 90B(1)(b) of this Act as it applies to an accused released on bail, but with the following modifications—

(a)references to an accused shall be read as if they were references to the witness;

(b)in subsection (2), the reference to the court to which the accused’s application for bail was first made shall be read as if it were a reference to the court which made the order under section 90B(1)(b) of this Act in respect of the witness; and

(c)in subsection (4)—

(i)references to the order granting bail and original order granting bail shall be read as if they were references to the order under section 90B(1)(b) and the original such order respectively;

(ii)paragraph (a) shall be read as if at the end there were inserted “ and make an order under section 90B(1)(a) or (c) of this Act in respect of the witness ”; and

(iii)paragraph (c) shall be read as if for the words from “complies” to the end there were substituted “ appears at the diet at which the witness is to give evidence ”.

90DReview of orders under section 90B(1)(a) or (b)

(1)Where a court has made an order under subsection (1)(a) of section 90B of this Act, the court may, on the application of the witness in respect of whom the order was made, on cause shown and after giving the parties and the witness an opportunity to be heard—

(a)recall the order; and

(b)make an order under subsection (1)(b) or (c) of that section in respect of the witness.

(2)Where a court has made an order under subsection (1)(b) of section 90B of this Act, the court may, after giving the parties and the witness an opportunity to be heard—

(a)on the application of the witness in respect of whom the order was made and on cause shown—

(i)review the conditions imposed under subsection (5) of that section at the time the order was made; and

(ii)make a new order under subsection (1)(b) of that section and impose different conditions under subsection (5) of that section;

(b)on the application of the party who made the application under section 90A(1) of this Act in respect of the witness, review the order and the conditions imposed under subsection (5) of that section at the time the order was made, and

(i)recall the order and make an order under subsection (1)(a) of that section in respect of the witness; or

(ii)make a new order under subsection (1)(b) of that section and impose different conditions under subsection (5) of that section.

(3)The court may not review an order by virtue of subsection (2)(b) above unless the party making the application puts before the court material information which was not available to it when it made the order which is the subject of the application.

(4)An application under this section by a witness—

(a)where it relates to the first order made under section 90B(1)(a) or (b) of this Act in respect of the witness, shall not be made before the fifth day after that order is made;

(b)where it relates to any subsequent such order, shall not be made before the fifteenth day after the order is made.

(5)On receipt of an application under subsection (2)(b) above the court shall—

(a)intimate the application to the witness in respect of whom the order which is the subject of the application was made;

(b)fix a diet for hearing the application and cite the witness to attend the diet; and

(c)where it considers that the interests of justice so require, grant warrant to arrest the witness.

(6)Nothing in this section shall affect any right of a person to appeal against an order under section 90B(1).

90EAppeals in respect of orders under section 90B(1)

(1)Any of the parties specified in subsection (2) below may appeal to the High Court against—

(a)any order made under subsection (1)(a) or (c) of section 90B of this Act; or

(b)where an order is made under subsection (1)(b) of that section—

(i)the order;

(ii)any of the conditions imposed under subsection (5) of that section on the making of the order; or

(iii)both the order and any such conditions.

(2)The parties referred to in subsection (1) above are—

(a)the witness in respect of whom the order which is the subject of the appeal was made;

(b)the prosecutor; and

(c)the accused.

(3)A party making an appeal under subsection (1) above shall intimate it to the other parties specified in subsection (2) above and, for that purpose, intimation to the Lord Advocate shall be sufficient intimation to the prosecutor.

(4)An appeal under this section shall be disposed of by the High Court or any Lord Commissioner of Justiciary in court or in chambers after such inquiry and hearing of the parties as shall seem just.

(5)Where the witness in respect of whom the order which is the subject of an appeal under this section was made is under 21 years of age, section 51 of this Act shall apply to the High Court or, as the case may be, the Lord Commissioner of Justiciary when disposing of the appeal as it applies to a court when remanding or committing a person of the witness’s age for trial or sentence..

12Service etc. on accused through a solicitorS

After section 72F of the 1995 Act (as inserted by section 8 of this Act) insert—

72GService etc. on accused through a solicitor

(1)In any proceedings on indictment, anything which is to be served on or given, notified or otherwise intimated to, the accused shall be taken to be so served, given, notified or intimated if it is, in such form and manner as may be prescribed by Act of Adjournal, served on or given, notified or intimated to (as the case may be) the solicitor described in subsection (2) below at that solicitor’s place of business.

(2)That solicitor is any solicitor—

(a)who—

(i)has notified the prosecutor under subsection (1) of section 72F of this Act that he is engaged by the accused for the purposes of his defence; and

(ii)has not informed the prosecutor under subsection (3) of that section that he has been dismissed by, or has withdrawn from acting for, the accused; or

(b)who—

(i)has been appointed to act for the purposes of the accused’s defence at the trial under section 92 or 288D of this Act; and

(ii)has not been relieved of the appointment by the court..

13Preliminary pleas and preliminary issuesS

(1)For section 79 (preliminary pleas) of the 1995 Act, substitute—

79Preliminary pleas and preliminary issues

(1)Except by leave of the court on cause shown, no preliminary plea or preliminary issue shall be made, raised or submitted in any proceedings on indictment by any party unless his intention to do so has been stated in a notice under section 71(2) or, as the case may be, 72(3) or (6)(b)(i) of this Act.

(2)For the purposes of this section and those sections—

(a)the following are preliminary pleas, namely—

(i)a matter relating to the competency or relevancy of the indictment;

(ii)an objection to the validity of the citation against a party, on the ground of any discrepancy between the record copy of the indictment and the copy served on him, or on account of any error or deficiency in such service copy or in the notice of citation; and

(iii)a plea in bar of trial; and

(b)the following are preliminary issues, namely—

(i)an application for separation or conjunction of charges or trials;

(ii)a preliminary objection under section 27(4A)(a), 255 or 255A of this Act;

(iii)an application under section 278(2) of this Act;

(iv)an objection by a party to the admissibility of any evidence;

(v)an assertion by a party that there are documents the truth of the contents of which ought to be admitted, or that there is any other matter which in his view ought to be agreed; and

(vi)any other point raised by a party, as regards any matter not mentioned in sub-paragraphs (i) to (v) above, which could in his opinion be resolved with advantage before the trial.

(3)No discrepancy, error or deficiency such as is mentioned in subsection (2)(a)(ii) above shall entitle an accused to object to plead to the indictment unless the court is satisfied that the discrepancy, error or deficiency tended substantially to mislead and prejudice the accused.

(4)Where the court, under subsection (1) above, grants leave for a party to make, raise or submit a preliminary plea or preliminary issue (other than an objection to the admissibility of any evidence) without his intention to do so having been stated in a notice as required by that subsection, the court may—

(a)if it considers it appropriate to do so, appoint a diet to be held before the trial diet for the purpose of disposing of the plea or issue; or

(b)appoint the plea or issue to be disposed of at the trial diet..

(2)After section 87 of the 1995 Act insert—

87ADisposal of preliminary matters at trial diet

Where—

(a)any preliminary plea or issue; or

(b)in a case to be tried in the High Court, any application, notice or other matter referred to in section 72(6)(b)(iii) or (iv) of this Act,

is to be disposed of at the trial diet, it shall be so disposed of before the jury is sworn, unless, where it is a preliminary issue consisting of an objection to the admissibility of any evidence, the court at the trial diet considers it is not capable of being disposed of before then..

14Objections to admissibility of evidence raised without due noticeS

(1)In section 71 (first diet) of the 1995 Act—

(a)after subsection (2) there is inserted—

((2YA))At a first diet, the court shall also ascertain whether there is any objection to the admissibility of any evidence which any party wishes to raise despite not having given the notice referred to in subsection (2) above, and—

(a)if so, decide whether to grant leave under section 79(1) of this Act for the objection to be raised; and

(b)if leave is granted, dispose of the objection unless it considers it inappropriate to do so at the first diet.

((2ZA))Where the court, having granted leave for the objection to be raised, decides not to dispose of it at the first diet, the court may—

(a)appoint a further diet to be held before the trial diet for the purpose of disposing of the objection; or

(b)appoint the objection to be disposed of at the trial diet.,

(b)in subsection (3), for the words “or (2)” substitute “ , (2) or (2YA) ”.

(2)After section 79 of the 1995 Act (as inserted by section 13 of this Act) insert—

79AObjections to admissibility of evidence raised after first diet or preliminary hearing

(1)This section applies where a party seeks to raise an objection to the admissibility of any evidence after—

(a)in proceedings in the High Court, the preliminary hearing; or

(b)in proceedings on indictment in the sheriff court, the first diet.

(2)The court shall not, under section 79(1) of this Act, grant leave for the objection to be raised if the party seeking to raise it has not given written notice of his intention to do so to the other parties.

(3)However, the court may, where the party seeks to raise the objection after the commencement of the trial, dispense with the requirement under subsection (2) above for written notice to be given.

(4)Where the party seeks to raise the objection after the commencement of the trial, the court shall not, under section 79(1) of this Act, grant leave for the objection to be raised unless it considers that it could not reasonably have been raised before that time.

(5)Where the party seeks to raise the objection before the commencement of the trial and the court, under section 79(1), grants leave for it to be raised, the court shall—

(a)if it considers it appropriate to do so, appoint a diet to be held before the commencement of the trial for the purpose of disposing of the objection; or

(b)dispose of the objection at the trial diet.

(6)In appointing a diet under subsection (5)(a) above, the court may postpone the trial diet for such period as appears to it to be appropriate and may, if it thinks fit, direct that such period (or some part of it) shall not count towards any time limit applying in respect of the case.

(7)The accused shall appear at any diet appointed under subsection (5)(a) above.

(8)For the purposes of this section, the trial shall be taken to commence when the jury is sworn..

15Alteration of dietsS

After section 75 of the 1995 Act insert—

Adjournment and alteration of dietsS

75AAdjournment and alteration of diets

(1)This section applies where any diet has been fixed in any proceedings on indictment.

(2)The court may, if it considers it appropriate to do so, adjourn the diet.

(3)However—

(a)in the case of a trial diet, the court may adjourn the diet under subsection (2) above only if the indictment is not brought to trial at the diet;

(b)if the court adjourns any diet under that subsection by reason only that, following enquiries for the purpose of ascertaining whether the accused has engaged a solicitor for the purposes of the conduct of his defence at or for the purposes of a preliminary hearing or at a trial, it appears to the court that he has not done so, the adjournment shall be for a period of not more than 48 hours.

(4)A trial diet in the High Court may be adjourned under subsection (2) above to a diet to be held at a sitting of the Court in another place.

(5)The court may, on the application of any party to the proceedings made at any time before commencement of any diet—

(a)discharge the diet; and

(b)fix a new diet for a date earlier or later than that for which the discharged diet was fixed.

(6)Before determining an application under subsection (5) above, the court shall give the parties an opportunity to be heard.

(7)However, where all the parties join in an application under that subsection, the court may determine the application without hearing the parties and, accordingly, may dispense with any hearing previously appointed for the purpose of subsection (6) above.

(8)Where there is a hearing for the purpose of subsection (6) above, the accused shall attend it unless the court permits the hearing to proceed notwithstanding the absence of the accused.

(9)In appointing a new trial diet under subsection (5)(b) above, the court—

(a)shall have regard to the state of preparation of the prosecutor and the accused with respect to their cases and, in particular, to the likelihood of the case being ready to proceed to trial on the date to be appointed for the trial diet; and

(b)may, if it appears to the court that there are any preliminary pleas, preliminary issues or other matters which require to be, or could with advantage be, disposed of or ascertained before the trial, appoint a diet to be held before the trial diet for the purpose of disposing of or, as the case may be, ascertaining them.

(10)A date for a new diet may be fixed under subsection (5)(b) above notwithstanding that the holding of the diet on that date would result in any provision of this Act as to the minimum or maximum period within which the diet is to be held or to commence not being complied with.

(11)In subsections (5) to (9) above, “the court” means—

(a)in the case of proceedings in the High Court, a single judge of that Court; and

(b)in the case of proceedings in the sheriff court, that court.

(12)For the purposes of subsection (5) above—

(a)a diet other than a trial diet shall be taken to commence when it is called; and

(b)a trial diet shall be taken to commence when the jury is sworn..

16Uncontroversial evidenceS

In section 258 (uncontroversial evidence) of the 1995 Act, after subsection (4) insert—

(4A)Where a notice is served under subsection (3) above in any solemn proceedings, the court may, on the application of any party to the proceedings made not less than 48 hours before the relevant diet, direct that any challenge in the notice to any fact is to be disregarded for the purposes of subsection (4) above if the court considers the challenge to be unjustified.

(4B)In subsection (4A) above, “the relevant diet” means—

(a)in proceedings in the High Court, the preliminary hearing; and

(b)in proceedings in the sheriff court, the first diet.

(4C)In proceedings in the High Court, the Court may, on cause shown, allow an application under subsection (4A) above to be made after the time limit specified in that subsection..

Part 3 SBail

17Bail conditions: remote monitoring of restrictions on movementsS

After section 24 (bail and bail conditions) of the 1995 Act insert—

24ABail conditions: remote monitoring of restrictions on movements

(1)Where a court has refused to admit a person to bail, the court shall, on the application of that person—

(a)consider whether the imposition of a remote monitoring requirement would enable it to admit the person to bail subject to a movement restriction condition; and

(b)if so—

(i)admit the person to bail subject to such a condition (as well as such other conditions required to be imposed under section 24(4) of this Act); and

(ii)impose, as a further condition of bail, a remote monitoring requirement.

(2)Where a court—

(a)grants bail to any person charged with or convicted of murder or rape; and

(b)in doing so, imposes a movement restriction condition,

the court may, at its own hand, impose, as a further condition of bail, a remote monitoring requirement.

(3)Where a court, in granting bail to a person convicted of murder or rape—

(a)imposes a movement restriction condition; but

(b)does not impose a remote monitoring requirement,

the court shall state reasons for not imposing such a requirement.

(4)In deciding whether to grant bail to a person referred to in paragraph (a) of subsection (2) above, the court shall disregard the availability of the power conferred by that subsection.

(5)Where—

(a)a remote monitoring requirement has been imposed under subsection (2) above on a person charged with murder or rape; and

(b)subsequently, the charge against the person is reduced,

the court shall, on the application of the person, revoke the remote monitoring requirement unless it considers that there are exceptional circumstances justifying the continued imposition of the requirement.

(6)An application under subsection (5) above shall be intimated immediately and in writing to the Crown Agent and the court shall, before determining it, give the prosecutor an opportunity to be heard.

(7)Before considering whether to impose a remote monitoring requirement under subsection (1) or (2) above, the court shall give the accused and the prosecutor an opportunity to be heard.

(8)Before imposing a remote monitoring requirement under subsection (1) or (2) above, the court shall explain to the accused in ordinary language—

(a)the effect—

(i)of the requirement; and

(ii)of any requirement to be imposed under section 24D(3) of this Act; and

(b)the consequences which may follow any failure by the accused to comply with—

(i)the movement restriction condition in respect of which the remote monitoring requirement is to be imposed; and

(ii)any such requirement as is referred to in paragraph (a)(ii) above.

(9)The court shall not impose a remote monitoring requirement under subsection (1) or (2) above unless the accused, after the court has explained to him the matters referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (8) above, has confirmed that he understands those matters.

(10)Subsection (11) below applies where the court is proposing—

(a)to impose under subsection (1) or (2) above a remote monitoring requirement where the movement restriction condition in relation to which the requirement is proposed to be imposed will require the accused to remain in a specified place or places; or

(b)to vary the movement restriction condition in relation to which the requirement is imposed so as to specify a different place or different places.

(11)Before imposing the requirement or, as the case may be, varying the condition, the court shall—

(a)obtain and consider a report by an officer of a local authority about—

(i)the place or places proposed to be specified; and

(ii)the attitude of persons likely to be affected by the requirement that the accused remain there; and

(b)if it considers it necessary, hear the officer who prepared the report.

(12)The court may, for the purposes of subsection (11) above, adjourn the proceedings.

(13)Where a court—

(a)imposes a remote monitoring requirement under subsection (1) or (2) above;

(b)revokes such a requirement; or

(c)varies or revokes a movement restriction condition in respect of which such a requirement has been imposed,

the clerk of the court shall cause a copy of the order containing the requirement, revocation or, as the case may be, variation to be sent immediately to the monitor.

(14)Where, in the course of monitoring in pursuance of a remote monitoring requirement imposed under subsection (1) or (2) above a person’s compliance with a condition imposed on bail restricting the person’s movements, the monitor becomes aware that the person has breached the condition, the monitor shall immediately notify a constable of the breach.

(15)Where a constable arrests a person under section 28(1) of this Act on the ground that the constable suspects the person of having breached a movement restriction condition in respect of which a remote monitoring requirement has been imposed the constable shall, as soon as possible, notify the monitor of the arrest.

(16)Nothing in subsection (1) above affects any right which a person has to appeal against a decision refusing to admit the person to bail.

(17)However, where in a case in which an application has been made under subsection (1) above following a decision of a court to refuse to admit the applicant to bail—

(a)an appeal is taken against the decision; and

(b)the applicant is refused bail under subsection (1) above,

any appeal against the refusal of bail under that subsection shall be conjoined with the appeal referred to in paragraph (a) above.

(18)In this section and sections 24B to 24E of this Act—

(a)a movement restriction condition” means, in relation to a person admitted to bail, a condition of bail imposed under section 24(4)(b) of this Act restricting the person’s movements, including such a condition requiring the person to be, or not to be, in any place or description of place for, or during, any period or periods or at any time;

(b)a remote monitoring requirement” means, in relation to a movement restriction condition, a requirement that compliance with the condition be remotely monitored; and

(c)references to the “accused” are references to any person in relation to whom a remote monitoring requirement is imposed or to be imposed under subsection (1) or (2) above.

(19)In this section, “monitor” means, in relation to an order under this section, any person who is, or is to be, responsible for the remote monitoring of the compliance of the person in respect of whom the order is made with the condition imposed in the order restricting the person’s movements.

24BRegulations as to power to impose remote monitoring requirements under section 24A

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations prescribe—

(a)which courts, or description or descriptions of courts, may impose remote monitoring requirements under section 24A(1) or (2) of this Act;

(b)what method or methods of monitoring compliance with a movement restriction condition may be specified in any such requirement by any such court; and

(c)the description or descriptions of persons in respect of whom such requirements may be imposed.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) above may make different provision in relation to the matters mentioned in paragraphs (b) and (c) of that subsection in relation to different courts or descriptions of courts.

(3)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) above, in relation to district courts, regulations under that subsection may make provision as respects such courts by reference to whether the court is constituted by a stipendiary magistrate or by one or more justices.

(4)Regulations under subsection (1) above may make such transitional and consequential provisions, including provision in relation to the continuing effect of any remote monitoring requirements imposed under section 24A(1) or (2) in force when new regulations are made, as the Scottish Ministers consider appropriate.

(5)Regulations under subsection (1) above shall be made by statutory instrument and a statutory instrument containing any such regulations (other than the first such regulations) shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(6)The first regulations under subsection (1) above shall not be made unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing the regulations has been laid before, and approved by resolution of, the Parliament.

24CMonitoring of compliance in pursuance of requirements imposed under section 24A

(1)Where the Scottish Ministers, in regulations under section 24B(1) of this Act, empower a court or a description of court to impose remote monitoring requirements under section 24A(1) or (2) of this Act they shall notify the court or, as the case may be, each court of that description of the person or description of persons who may be designated by that court for the purpose of monitoring the compliance with any movement restriction condition of the person in respect of whom the requirement is imposed.

(2)A court which imposes a remote monitoring requirement under section 24A(1) or (2) of this Act shall include provisions in the requirement for making a person notified by the Scottish Ministers under subsection (1) above or a description of persons so notified responsible for monitoring the compliance of the person in respect of whom it is imposed with the movement restriction condition in respect of which it is imposed.

(3)Where the Scottish Ministers change the person or description of persons notified by them under subsection (1) above, any court which has imposed a remote monitoring requirement under 24A(1) or (2) of this Act shall, if necessary, vary the requirement accordingly and shall notify the variation to the person in respect of whom the order was made.

24DRemote monitoring

(1)The Scottish Ministers may make such arrangements, including contractual arrangements, as they consider appropriate with such persons, whether legal or natural, as they think fit for the remote monitoring, in pursuance of remote monitoring requirements imposed under section 24A(1) or (2), of the compliance of persons in respect of whom such requirements are imposed with the movement restriction conditions in respect of which they are imposed.

(2)Different arrangements may be made under subsection (1) above in relation to different areas or different forms of remote monitoring.

(3)A court imposing a remote monitoring requirement under section 24A(1) or (2) of this Act shall include in the requirement, as a further condition of bail, a requirement that the person in respect of whom it is imposed—

(a)shall, either continuously or for such periods as may be specified, wear or carry a device for the purpose of enabling the remote monitoring of his compliance with the movement restriction condition in respect of which it is imposed to be carried out; and

(b)shall not tamper with or intentionally damage the device or knowingly allow it to be tampered with or intentionally damaged.

(4)The Scottish Ministers shall by regulations specify devices which may be used for the purpose of remotely monitoring the compliance of persons in respect of whom remote monitoring requirements have been imposed under section 24A(1) or (2) of this Act with the movement restriction conditions in respect of which they are imposed.

(5)Regulations under subsection (4) above shall be made by statutory instrument and a statutory instrument containing such regulations shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

24EDocumentary evidence in proceedings for breach of bail conditions being remotely monitored

(1)This section applies in proceedings against a person (referred to in this section as “the accused”) for an offence under subsection (1)(b) of section 27 of this Act (failure to comply with a condition imposed on bail) where the condition referred to in that subsection is—

(a)a movement restriction condition in respect of which a remote monitoring requirement has been imposed under section 24A(1) or (2); or

(b)a requirement imposed under section 24D(3)(b) of this Act.

(2)Evidence of—

(a)in the case referred to in subsection (1)(a) above, the presence or absence of the accused at a particular place at a particular time; or

(b)in the case referred to in subsection (1)(b) above, any tampering with or damage to a device worn or carried by the accused for the purpose of remotely monitoring his whereabouts,

may, subject to subsections (5) and (6) below, be given by the production of the document or documents referred to in subsection (3) below.

(3)That document or those documents is or are a document or documents bearing to be—

(a)a statement automatically produced by a device specified in regulations made under section 24D(4) of this Act, by which the accused’s whereabouts were remotely monitored; and

(b)a certificate signed by a person nominated for the purpose of this paragraph by the Scottish Ministers that the statement relates to—

(i)in the case referred to in subsection (1)(a) above, the whereabouts of the accused at the dates and times shown in the statement; or

(ii)in the case referred to in subsection (1)(b) above, any tampering with or damage to the device.

(4)The statement and certificate mentioned in subsection (3) above shall, when produced in the proceedings, be sufficient evidence of the facts set out in them.

(5)Neither the statement nor the certificate mentioned in subsection (3) above shall be admissible in evidence unless a copy of both has been served on the accused prior to the trial.

(6)Without prejudice to subsection (5) above, where it appears to the court that the accused has had insufficient notice of the statement or certificate, it may adjourn the trial or make an order which it thinks appropriate in the circumstances..

18Bail review: rights of prosecutor to be heard etc.S

(1)The 1995 Act is amended as follows.

(2)In section 25 (bail conditions: supplementary), after subsection (2) insert—

(2A)Where an application is made under subsection (2) above—

(a)the application shall be intimated by the accused immediately and in writing to the Crown Agent; and

(b)the court shall, before determining the application, give the prosecutor an opportunity to be heard..

(3)In section 30 (bail review), after subsection (2) insert—

(2A)Before determining an application under subsection (2) above, the court shall give the prosecutor an opportunity to be heard.

(2B)Subsection (2C) below applies where an application is made under subsection (2) above by a person convicted on indictment pending the determination of—

(a)his appeal;

(b)any relevant appeal by the Lord Advocate under section 108 or 108A of this Act; or

(c)the sentence to be imposed on, or other method of dealing with, him.

(2C)Where this subsection applies the application shall be—

(a)intimated by the person making it immediately and in writing to the Crown Agent; and

(b)heard not less than 7 days after the date of that intimation..

(4)In section 31 (bail review on prosecutor’s application), after subsection (2) insert—

(2A)Subsection (2B) below applies to an application under subsection (1) above where the person granted bail—

(a)was convicted on indictment; and

(b)was granted bail pending the determination of—

(i)his appeal;

(ii)any relevant appeal by the Lord Advocate under section 108 or 108A of this Act; or

(iii)the sentence to be imposed on, or other method of dealing with, him.

(2B)Where this subsection applies, the application shall be heard not more than 7 days after the day on which it is made..

Part 4 SMiscellaneous and general

MiscellaneousS

19First diet in sheriff court solemn proceedings: witnesses and bailS

(1)Section 71 (first diet) of the 1995 Act is amended as follows.

(2)After subsection (1B) insert—

(1C)At a first diet, the court—

(a)shall ascertain which of the witnesses included in the list of witnesses are required by the prosecutor or the accused to attend the trial; and

(b)shall, where the accused has been admitted to bail, review the conditions imposed on his bail and may—

(i)after giving the parties an opportunity to be heard; and

(ii)if it considers it appropriate to do so,

fix bail on different conditions..

(3)In subsection (2), for “and (1A)” substitute “ , (1A) and (1C) ”.

(4)In subsection (3), after “(1A)” insert “ , (1C) ”.

20Sentence following guilty pleaS

(1)Section 196 (sentence following guilty plea) of the 1995 Act is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), for “may” substitute “ shall ”.

(3)After subsection (1) insert—

(1A)In passing sentence on an offender referred to in subsection (1) above, the court shall—

(a)state whether, having taken account of the matters mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) of that subsection, the sentence imposed in respect of the offence is different from that which the court would otherwise have imposed; and

(b)if it is not, state reasons why it is not..

21Increase in extended sentence which may be passed by sheriff court in certain casesS

In section 210A(6) of the 1995 Act (which provides for the maximum extended sentence which may be imposed by the sheriff on sex and violent offenders), for “three years” substitute “ five years ”.

22Citation of witnesses for precognitionS

After section 267 of the 1995 Act there is inserted—

267ACitation of witnesses for precognition

(1)This Act shall be sufficient warrant for the citation of witnesses for precognition by the prosecutor, whether or not any person has been charged with the offence in relation to which the precognition is taken.

(2)Such citation shall be in the form prescribed by Act of Adjournal or as nearly as may be in such form.

(3)A witness who, having been duly cited—

(a)fails without reasonable excuse, after receiving at least 48 hours notice, to attend for precognition by a prosecutor at the time and place mentioned in the citation served on him; or

(b)refuses when so cited to give information within his knowledge regarding any matter relative to the commission of the offence in relation to which the precognition is taken,

shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale or to a term of imprisonment not exceeding 21 days..

23Admissibility of prior statements of witnessesS

In section 260 (admissibility of prior statements of witnesses) of the 1995 Act, after subsection (4) insert—

(5)A prior statement made by a witness shall not, in any proceedings on indictment, be inadmissible by reason only that it is not included in any list of productions lodged by the parties..

24Protection of Children (Scotland) Act 2003: references following convictionS

(1)In section 10 (referral of person convicted of offence against a child for inclusion on list of persons considered unsuitable to work with children) of the Protection of Children (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 5)—

(a)for “proposed reference”, where it appears in subsections (5) and (6), substitute “ reference proposed under subsection (1) above ”,

(b)for paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (6) substitute—

(a)the period during which an appeal against the proposed reference may be brought has expired without an appeal being brought; or

(b)where an appeal is brought within that period, it is dismissed or abandoned..

(2)In subsection (1) of section 110 (note of appeal) of the 1995 Act, after “Act”, where second occurring, insert “ or, in the case of an appeal under section 106(1)(db) or (dc) of this Act, the date on which the proposal to make a reference is made ”.

(3)After subsection (2) of section 111 (extension of period during which an appeal may be brought in solemn proceedings) insert—

(3)Subsection (2) above does not allow the High Court to extend any such period which relates to an appeal under section 106(1)(db), (dc) or (f)(ii) or (iii) of this Act..

(4)After subsection (3) of section 181 (extension of period during which an appeal may be brought in summary proceedings) insert—

(4)Subsection (1) above does not allow the High Court to make a direction in relation to an appeal under section 175(2)(cb) or (d)(ii) or (iii) of this Act..

(5)In subsection (2)(a) of section 186 (appeals against sentence) of the 1995 Act—

(a)the word “or”, which immediately precedes sub-paragraph (ii) is repealed,

(b)after that sub-paragraph insert ; or

(iii)in the case of an appeal under section 175(2)(cb), the date on which it is proposed that a reference be made.

GeneralS

25Further modifications of the 1995 ActS

The schedule makes further modifications of the 1995 Act, including modifications of a minor and consequential nature.

26Ancillary provisionS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by order made by statutory instrument make such incidental, supplemental, consequential, transitional, transitory or saving provision as they consider necessary or expedient for the purposes or in consequence of this Act.

(2)An order under this section may modify any enactment (including this Act), instrument or document.

(3)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section (except where subsection (4) applies) is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the Scottish Parliament.

(4)No order under this section containing provisions which add to, replace or omit any part of the text of an Act is to be made unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing the order has been laid before, and approved by resolution of, the Parliament.

27Commencement and short titleS

(1)This Act (except section 26 and this section) comes into force on such day as the Scottish Ministers may by order made by statutory instrument appoint.

(2)An order under subsection (1) may—

(a)appoint different days for different purposes,

(b)include such transitional, transitory or saving provision as the Scottish Ministers consider necessary or expedient in connection with the coming into force of the provisions brought into force.

(3)This Act may be cited as the Criminal Procedure (Amendment) (Scotland) Act 2004.

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