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Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002

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38 Personal informationS

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)Information is exempt information if it constitutes—

(a)personal data of which the applicant is the data subject;

[F1(b)personal data and the first, second or third condition is satisfied (see subsections (2A) to (3A));]

(c)personal census information; or

(d)a deceased person’s health record.

[F2(2A)The first condition is that the disclosure of the information to a member of the public otherwise than under this Act—

(a)would contravene any of the data protection principles, or

(b)would do so if the exemptions in section 24(1) of the Data Protection Act 2018 (manual unstructured data held by public authorities) were disregarded.

(2B)The second condition is that the disclosure of the information to a member of the public otherwise than under this Act would contravene Article 21 of the GDPR (general processing: right to object to processing).]

[F3(3A)The third condition is that—

(a)on a request under Article 15(1) of the GDPR (general processing: right of access by the data subject) for access to personal data, the information would be withheld in reliance on provision made by or under section 15, 16 or 26 of, or Schedule 2, 3 or 4 to, the Data Protection Act 2018, or

(b)on a request under section 45(1)(b) of that Act (law enforcement processing: right of access by the data subject), the information would be withheld in reliance on subsection (4) of that section.]

F4(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)In this section—

  • [F5the data protection principles” means the principles set out in—

    (a)

    Article 5(1) of the GDPR, and

    (b)

    section 34(1) of the Data Protection Act 2018;

  • data subject” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3 of that Act);

  • “the GDPR”, “personal data”, “processing” and references to a provision of Chapter 2 of Part 2 of the Data Protection Act 2018 have the same meaning as in Parts 5 to 7 of that Act (see section 3(2), (4), (10), (11) and (14) of that Act);]

  • health record” has the meaning assigned to that term by section 1(1) of the Access to Health Records Act 1990 (c.23); and

  • personal census information” means any census information—

    (a)

    as defined in section 8(7) of the Census Act 1920 (c.41); or

    (b)

    acquired or derived by virtue of sections 1 to 9 of the Census (Great Britain) Act 1910 (c.27),

    which relates to an identifiable person or household.

[F6(5A)In determining for the purposes of this section whether the lawfulness principle in Article 5(1)(a) of the GDPR would be contravened by the disclosure of information, Article 6(1) of the GDPR (lawfulness) is to be read as if the second sub-paragraph (disapplying the legitimate interests gateway in relation to public authorities) were omitted.]

(6)In section 8(7) of the Census Act 1920 (penalties), in the definition of “personal census information”, at the end there is added “ but does not include information which, by virtue of section 58(2)(b) of the Freedom of Information (Scotland) Act 2002 (asp 13) (falling away of exemptions with time), is not exempt information within the meaning of that Act ”.

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