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Business Tenancies Act (Northern Ireland) 1964

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N.I.Continuation of tenancies

3Continuation of tenancies to which this Part applies until terminated in accordance with this Part.N.I.

(1)A tenancy to which this Part applies shall not come to an end unless terminated in accordance with the provisions of this Part; and subject to the following provisions of this Part such a tenancy may be terminated by—

(a)a notice to determine served by the landlord in accordance with the provisions of section 4; or

(b)a request for a new tenancy made by the tenant in accordance with the provisions of section 5.

(2)Notwithstanding anything in subsection (1)—

(a)where a tenancy has been continued by virtue of subsection (1) and at any time thereafter ceases to be a tenancy to which this Part applies, it shall not come to an end by reason only of the cesser, but (without prejudice to its termination in accordance with any terms of the tenancy) it may be terminated by not less than three nor more than six months' notice in the prescribed form served by the landlord on the tenant;

(b)where at a time when a tenancy is not one to which this Part applies by reason only that premises comprised in the tenancy are not occupied by the tenant for the purposes of a business, and the immediate landlord serves notice to quit, the operation of the notice shall not be affected by reason that after the service of the notice such premises are occupied by the tenant for the purposes of a business by reason of which the tenancy becomes one to which this Part applies;

(c)if at any time within twelve months before the date of expiry of a tenancy dependent on the effluxion of time—

(i)the immediate landlord serves a notice in the prescribed form on the tenant stating that such landlord requires possession of the premises comprised in such tenancy at the said date of expiry; and

(ii)at the date of the service of such notice the tenancy is not one to which this Part applies by reason that premises comprised in the tenancy are not occupied by the tenant for the purposes of a business;

this Part shall not apply to such tenancy, notwithstanding that after the date of service of such notice and before the date of expiry of the tenancy premises comprised in the tenancy are occupied by the tenant for the purposes of a business.

(3)For the purposes of this Part “notice to determine” means a notice served by the landlord in accordance with section 4, and “notice to quit” means a notice to end a tenancy served by the immediate landlord in accordance with the provisions (whether express or implied) of that tenancy.

4Termination of tenancy by the landlord.N.I.

(1)Subject to section 9 the landlord may terminate a tenancy to which this Part applies by a notice to determine served on the tenant in the prescribed form specifying the date at which the tenancy is to come to an end (in this Part referred to as “the date of termination” ).

(2)A notice to determine shall not have effect unless it complies with the provisions of this section and, subject to subsection (3), is served not more than twelve nor less than six months before the date of termination specified therein.

(3)In the case of a tenancy which but for this Part could have been brought to an end by notice to quit—

(a)subsection (2) shall, where but for this Part more than six months' notice to quit would have been required to bring the tenancy to an end, have effect with the substitution for twelve months of a period six months longer than the length of notice to quit which would have been required as aforesaid; and

(b)the date of termination specified in a notice to determine shall not be earlier than the earliest date on which the immediate landlord could, but for this Part, have brought the tenancy to an end by notice to quit served on the same date as the notice to determine.

(4)In the case of a tenancy dependent on the fall of a life or other uncertain event the landlord may, after the fall of that life or the happening of that uncertain event, terminate the tenancy by a notice to determine served not more than twelve nor less than six months before the date of termination specified therein.

(5)In the case of any tenancy, other than a tenancy referred to in subsection (3) or subsection (4), a notice to determine under this section shall not specify a date of termination earlier than the date on which, but for this Part, the tenancy would have come to an end by effluxion of time.

(6)A notice to determine shall—

(a)require the tenant, within two months of the service of the notice, to notify the landlord in writing whether or not, at the date of termination, the tenant will be willing to give up possession of the property comprised in the tenancy; and

(b)state whether the landlord would oppose an application to the Lands Tribunal under section 8 and, if so, on which of the grounds mentioned in section 10 he would do so.

5Request by tenant for a new tenancy.N.I.

(1)A tenant may, subject to and in accordance with this section, make a request for a new tenancy where the tenancy under which he holds for the time being (in this Part referred to as “the current tenancy” ) is—

(a)a tenancy granted for a term certain exceeding one year, whether or not continued by section 3; or

(b)a tenancy granted for a term certain exceeding one year and thereafter from year to year; or

(c)a tenancy granted for a period dependent on the fall of a life or other uncertain event and continued by section 3.

(2)A tenant's request for a new tenancy shall be for a tenancy beginning with such date, not more than twelve nor less than six months after the making of the request, as may be specified therein, and in the case of such a tenancy as is specified in paragraphs ( a) and ( b) of subsection (1) such date shall not be earlier than the date on which but for this Part the current tenancy would come to an end by effluxion of time or could be brought to an end by notice to terminate served by the tenant under and in accordance with the terms (whether express or implied) of that tenancy.

(3)A tenant's request for a new tenancy shall not have effect unless it is made by notice in the prescribed form served on the landlord and sets out in general terms the tenant's proposals as to—

(a)the property to be comprised in the new tenancy (being either the whole or part of the property comprised in the current tenancy);

(b)the rent to be payable under the new tenancy;

(c)the duration of the new tenancy; and

(d)the other terms of the new tenancy.

(4)A tenant's request for a new tenancy shall not be made if the landlord has already served a notice to determine under section 4, or if the tenant has already served a notice under section 6; and no such notice shall be served by the landlord or the tenant after the making by the tenant of a request for a new tenancy.

(5)Where the tenant makes a request for a new tenancy in accordance with this section, the current tenancy shall, subject to section 9 and to section 17(2), terminate immediately before the date specified in the request for the beginning of the new tenancy.

(6)Within two months of the making of a tenant's request for a new tenancy in accordance with this section, the landlord may serve notice on the tenant that he will oppose an application to the Lands Tribunal under section 8 for the grant of a new tenancy, and any such notice shall state on which of the grounds mentioned in section 10 the landlord will oppose the application.

6Further provisions for the termination of tenancies to which this Part applies.N.I.

(1)Section 3(1) shall not prevent the coming to an end of a tenancy by surrender or forfeiture, or by the forfeiture of a superior tenancy, or by a notice to terminate the tenancy served by the tenant under and in accordance with the terms (whether express or implied) of that tenancy [F1 or by lawful ejectment for non-payment of rent].

(2)Where but for this Part a tenancy would come to an end by the effluxion of time and the tenant, not later than three months before the date on which but for this Part the tenancy would so come to an end, serves on the immediate landlord a notice that the tenant does not desire the tenancy to be continued, section 3 shall not have effect in relation to that tenancy.

(3)A tenancy which but for this Part would have come to an end by effluxion of time and which is continuing by virtue of section 3 may be brought to an end on any gale day by not less than three months' notice served by the tenant on the immediate landlord, whether the notice is served before or after the date on which but for this Part the tenancy would have come to an end by effluxion of time.

(4)A tenancy which but for this Part would have come to an end on the fall of a life or the happening of any other uncertain event and which is continuing by virtue of section 3 may be brought to an end on any gale day by not less than three months' notice served by the tenant on the immediate landlord.

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7Agreements for future tenancies.N.I.

Where the landlord and the tenant holding immediately under him agree for the grant to that tenant of a future tenancy of the holding, or of the holding with other land, on terms and from a date specified in the agreement, the tenancy under which the tenant holds for the time being shall continue until that date but no longer, and shall not be a tenancy to which this Part applies.

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