Search Legislation

Administration of Estates Act (Northern Ireland) 1955

What Version

 Help about what version
  • Latest available (Revised)
  • Original (As enacted)

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Changes to legislation:

There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Administration of Estates Act (Northern Ireland) 1955, PART II . Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. At the current time any known changes or effects made by subsequent legislation have been applied to the text of the legislation you are viewing by the editorial team. Please see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ for details regarding the timescales for which new effects are identified and recorded on this site.

PART II F1N.I.Distribution on intestacy

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

F11977 NI 17

6Rules for the distribution on intestacy.N.I.

All estate to which a deceased person was entitled for an estate or interest not ceasing on his death and as to which he dies intestate after the commencement of this Act shall, after payment of all debts, duties and expenses properly payable thereout, be distributed in accordance with this Part.

[F26ASpouse[F3 or civil partner]F3 dying within 28 days of intestate.N.I.

Where—

(a)the intestate dies leaving a spouse[F3 or civil partner]F3, but

(b)the spouse[F3 or civil partner]F3 dies before the end of the period of 28 days beginning on (and including) the day on which the intestate died,

this Part shall have effect as respects the intestate as if the spouse[F3 or civil partner]F3 had not survived the intestate.F2]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

F21996 NI 26

7Rights of surviving spouse[F4 or civil partner]F4.N.I.

(1)The surviving spouse[F4 or civil partner]F4 of the intestate shall take the personal chattels.

(2)If an intestate dies leaving a spouse[F4 or civil partner]F4 and issue the surviving spouse[F4 or civil partner]F4 shall, in addition to the personal chattels, take—

(a)where the net value of the remaining estate does not exceed[F5£250,000]F5, the whole of the remaining estate;

(b )F6where the net value of the remaining estate exceeds[F5£250,000]F5, the sum of[F5£250,000]F5, free of all duties, charges and costs, and shall have a charge upon the remaining estate for that sum with interest thereon at the rate of fourF7 pounds per centum per annum [F8 or at such other rate as the head of the Department of Finance may specify by an order made subject to affirmative resolution] from the date of the death of the intestate until the date of payment thereof, together with—

(i)where only one child of the intestate also survives, one-half of any residue left of the remaining estate after providing for that sum and the interest thereon;

(ii)where more than one child of the intestate also survives, one-third of any residue left of the remaining estate after providing for that sum and the interest thereon.

(3)For the purposes of the last preceding sub-section, if a child of the intestate predeceased him leaving issue who survive the intestate, the surviving spouse[F4 or civil partner]F4 of the intestate shall take the same share of the estate as if the child had survived the intestate.

(4)If an intestate dies leaving a spouse[F4 or civil partner]F4 and no issue, but leaving parents or brothers or sisters or issue of deceased brothers or sisters, the spouse[F4 or civil partner]F4 shall, in addition to the personal chattels, take—

(a)where the net value of the remaining estate does not exceed[F9£450,000]F9, the whole of the remaining estate;

(b)where the net value of the remaining estate exceeds[F9£450,000F9]

(i )F6the sum of[F9£450,000]F9, free of all duties, charges and costs, and shall have a charge upon the remaining estate for that sum with interest thereon at the rate of fourF7 pounds per centum per annum [F8 or at such other rate as the head of the Department of Finance may specify by an order made subject to affirmative resolution] from the date of the death of the intestate until the date of payment thereof together with—

(ii)one-half of any residue left of the remaining estate after providing for that sum and the interest thereon.

F10[(4A)The Minister of Home AffairsF11 may from time to time by order, subject to affirmative resolution, substitute larger amounts for the amounts mentioned in sub-sections (2) and (4) of this section but the amounts substituted in sub-section (2)( b) by any such order shall be the same as the amount substituted by that order in sub-section (2)( a) and the amounts substituted in sub-section (4)( b) by any such order shall be the same as the amount substituted by that order in sub-section (4)( a).

(4B)Any order under sub-section (4A) shall have effect, and shall supersede any previous order, in relation to the estate of any person dying after the coming into force of the order.]

(5)If an intestate dies leaving a spouse[F4 or civil partner]F4 but neither issue nor parents nor brothers nor sisters nor issue of deceased brothers or sisters, the spouse[F4 or civil partner]F4 shall take the whole of his estate.

(6)In this section references to the net value of the estate, or any part of the estate, of an intestate are references to the estimated market value thereof as at the date of the death of the intestate, after payment of all duties and charges thereon and of debts, funeral expenses and expenses of administration.

(7)Nothing in this section shall prejudice or affect the operation of section fifteenF12 of the Matrimonial Causes Act (Northern Ireland), 1939 [1939 c.13] , [F13 or Article 20(2) of the Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 [1978 NI 15] ], with respect to the property of a wife who has been judicially separated from her husband[F4, or of section 180 of the Civil Partnership Act 2004]F4.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

F6mod. by SR 1985/8

F7Increased to 7 per cent., SR 1980/90

F81979 NI 14

F11Functions transf. to Head of D/Fin., SRO (NI) 1973/504

F12Rep. (with saving for deaths before 18.4.1979), 1978 NI 15

F131978 NI 15

8Rights of issue.N.I.

If an intestate dies leaving issue his estate shall, subject to the rights of the surviving spouse[F14 or civil partner]F14, if any, be distributed per stirpes among such issue.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

9Rights of parents.N.I.

If an intestate dies leaving no issue, his estate shall, subject to the rights of the surviving spouse[F15 or civil partner]F15, if any, be distributed between his parents in equal shares if both survive the intestate, but if only one parent survives the intestate, such surviving parent shall, subject as aforesaid, take the whole estate.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

10Rights of brothers and sisters and their issue.N.I.

(1)If an intestate dies leaving neither issue nor parent, his estate shall, subject to the right of the surviving spouse[F16 or civil partner]F16, if any, be distributed between his brothers and sisters in equal shares, and if any brother or sister predeceases the intestate the surviving issue of the deceased brother or sister shall take per stirpes the share that brother or sister would have taken if he or she had survived the intestate.

(2)If an intestate dies leaving neither issue nor parent nor brother nor sister, his estate shall, subject to the rights of the surviving spouse[F16 or civil partner]F16, if any, be distributed per stirpes among the issue of his brothers and sisters.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

11Rights of next-of-kin.N.I.

(1)If an intestate dies leaving neither spouse[F17 nor civil partner]F17 nor issue nor parent nor brother nor sister nor issue of any deceased brother or sister, his estate shall, subject to the succeeding provisions of this Part, be distributed in equal shares among his next-of-kin.

(2)Where any uncle or aunt of the intestate (being brother or sister of a parent of the intestate) who would have been, or been included among, such next-of-kin if he or she had survived the intestate has predeceased the intestate leaving issue who survive the intestate such issue shall represent that uncle or aunt and shall by such representation take per stirpes the share that uncle or aunt would have taken as next-of-kin if he or she had survived the intestate.

(3)Representation of next-of-kin shall not be admitted amongst collaterals except in the case of issue of brothers and sisters of the intestate and issue of uncles and aunts of the intestate.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

12Ascertainment of next-of-kin.N.I.

(1)Subject to the rights of representation mentioned in sub-section (2) of the last preceding section, the person or persons who at the date of the death of the intestate stand nearest in blood relationship to him shall be taken to be his next-of-kin.

(2)Degrees of blood relationship of a direct lineal ancestor shall be computed by counting upwards from the intestate to that ancestor and degrees of blood relationship of any other relative shall be ascertained by counting upwards from the intestate to the nearest ancestor common to the intestate and that relative, and then downward from that ancestor to the relative, but, where a direct lineal ancestor and any other relative are so ascertained to be within the same degree of blood relationship to the intestate, the other relative shall be preferred to the exclusion of the direct lineal ancestor.

13Saving for children begotten but not born.N.I.

Descendants and relatives of the intestate begotten before his death but born thereafter, shall inherit as if they had been born in the lifetime of the intestate and had survived him.

14Half-blood.N.I.

Relatives of the half-blood shall be treated as, and shall inherit equally with, relatives of the whole blood in the same degree.

15Operation of provisions for distribution or taking per stirpes.N.I.

Where under any provision of this Act an intestate's estate or any share therein is to be distributed per stirpes among, or taken per stirpes by, the issue or surviving issue of any person, any issue more remote than a child of that person shall take through all degrees, according to their stocks, in equal shares if more than one, the share which the parent of such issue would have taken if living at the death of the intestate, and no issue of that person shall take if the parent of such issue is living at the death of the intestate and so capable of taking.

16Rights of the Crown.N.I.

(1 )F18In default of any person taking the estate of an intestate under the foregoing provisions of this Part, that estate shall pass to the Crown as bona vacantia.

Subs. (2) rep. by 1997 NI 8

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

F18Mod., 1979 NI 8

S. 17 rep. by 1996 NI 26

18Partial intestacy.N.I.

Where the will of a testator effectively disposes of part only of his estate, then, unless it appears by the will that his personal representatives are intended to take beneficially the remainder of his estate, the personal representatives shall, subject to their powers and rights for the purposes of administration, hold the remainder of his estate upon trust for the persons who would have been entitled thereto under this Part if the testator had died intestate and left no other estate.

19Construction of documents.N.I.

(1 )F19References to any Statutes of Distribution in an instrument inter vivos made, or in a will coming into operation, after the commencement of this Act, shall, unless the contrary thereby appears, be construed as references to this Part; and references in such an instrument or will to statutory next-of-kin shall, unless the contrary thereby appears, be construed as referring to the persons who would take beneficially on an intestacy under the foregoing provisions of this Part.

(2)Trusts declared by reference to the Statutes of Distribution in an instrument inter vivos made, or in a will coming into operation, before the commencement of this Act shall, unless the contrary thereby appears, be construed as referring to the enactments (other than the Intestates' Estates Act, 1890 [1890 c.29] ) relating to the distribution of effects of intestates which were in force immediately before the commencement of this Act.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

F191977 NI 17

Part III (ss. 20-28) rep. by 1971 c. 25; 1971 c. 31 (NI); 1979 NI 14

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources