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Public Health (Wales) Act 2017

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EnforcementE+W

18Enforcement authoritiesE+W

(1)Each local authority is authorised to act as an enforcement authority in relation to premises, places and vehicles that are within its area.

(2)Regulations may make provision for the chief officer of police for a police area, in addition, to be authorised to act as an enforcement authority in relation to vehicles that are in that police area.

(3)An enforcement authority must enforce the provisions of this Chapter and regulations made under it as respects the premises, places and vehicles in relation to which, by virtue of this section, it is authorised to act.

(4)An enforcement authority may make arrangements with another enforcement authority for a case being dealt with by it in the exercise of its functions for the purposes of this Chapter to be transferred (or further transferred, or transferred back) to, and taken over by that other authority.

(5)References in this Chapter to an authorised officer are to any person (whether or not an officer of the enforcement authority) authorised by an enforcement authority for the purposes of this Chapter.

19Powers of entryE+W

(1)An authorised officer may enter premises in Wales at any reasonable time if the officer—

(a)has reasonable grounds for believing that an offence under section 5, 6 or 17 has been committed at the premises, and

(b)considers it necessary to enter the premises for the purpose of ascertaining whether such an offence has been committed.

(2)But this does not apply in relation to premises used wholly or mainly as a dwelling.

(3)An authorised officer may not enter premises by force under this section.

(4)An authorised officer must, if asked to do so, before entering premises under this section show evidence of the authorisation referred to in section 18(5).

(5)This section applies to a vehicle as if it were premises.

20Warrant to enter dwellingE+W

(1)A justice of the peace may exercise the power in subsection (2) in relation to premises in Wales used wholly or mainly as a dwelling if satisfied on sworn information in writing—

(a)that there are reasonable grounds for believing that an offence under section 5 or 6 has been committed at the premises, and

(b)that it is necessary to enter the premises for the purpose of ascertaining whether such an offence has been committed.

(2)The justice may issue a warrant authorising an authorised officer to enter the premises, if need be by force.

(3)The warrant continues in force until the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which it was issued.

(4)This section applies to a vehicle as if it were premises.

21Warrant to enter other premisesE+W

(1)A justice of the peace may exercise the power in subsection (2) in relation to premises in Wales other than premises used wholly or mainly as a dwelling if satisfied on sworn information in writing—

(a)that there are reasonable grounds for believing that an offence under section 5, 6 or 17 has been committed at the premises,

(b)that it is necessary to enter the premises for the purpose of ascertaining whether such an offence has been committed, and

(c)that a requirement set out in subsection (3) or (4) is met.

(2)The justice may issue a warrant authorising an authorised officer to enter the premises, if need be by force.

(3)The requirement is that—

(a)a request to enter the premises has been, or is likely to be, refused, and

(b)notice of intention to apply for a warrant under this section has been given to the occupier or a person who reasonably appears to the enforcement authority to be concerned in the management of the premises.

(4)The requirement is that requesting to enter the premises, or the giving of notice of intention to apply for a warrant under this section, is likely to defeat the purpose of the entry.

(5)The warrant continues in force until the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which it was issued.

(6)This section applies to a vehicle as if it were premises.

22Supplementary provision about powers of entryE+W

(1)An authorised officer entering premises under section 19, or by virtue of a warrant under section 20 or 21, may take such other persons and such equipment as the officer considers appropriate.

(2)If the occupier of premises that an authorised officer is authorised to enter by a warrant under section 20 or 21 is present at the time the authorised officer seeks to execute the warrant—

(a)the occupier must be told the officer's name;

(b)the officer must produce to the occupier documentary evidence that the officer is an authorised officer;

(c)the officer must produce the warrant to the occupier;

(d)the officer must supply the occupier with a copy of it.

(3)If premises that an authorised officer is authorised to enter by a warrant under section 20 or 21 are unoccupied, or if the occupier is temporarily absent, then on leaving the premises the officer must leave them as effectively secured against unauthorised entry as when the officer found them.

(4)This section applies to a vehicle as if it were premises.

23Powers of inspection etc.E+W

(1)An authorised officer entering premises under section 19, or by virtue of a warrant under section 20 or 21, may do any of the following if the officer considers it necessary for the purpose of ascertaining whether an offence under section 5, 6 or 17 has been committed⁠—

(a)carry out inspections and examinations on the premises;

(b)require the production of anything on the premises, inspect it, and take and retain samples of or extracts from it;

(c)take possession of anything on the premises, and retain it for as long as the officer considers necessary for that purpose;

(d)require any person to give information, or afford facilities and assistance with respect to matters within the person's control.

(2)If the authorised officer considers it necessary for the purpose of ascertaining whether an offence under section 5, 6 or 17 has been committed, the officer may arrange for anything produced under subsection (1)(b) or anything which the officer has taken possession of under subsection (1)(c) to be analysed.

(3)If by virtue of subsection (1)(c) the authorised officer takes anything away from the premises, the officer must leave on the premises from which it was taken a statement—

(a)giving particulars of what has been taken and stating that the officer has taken possession of it, and

(b)identifying the person to whom a request for the return of the property may be made.

(4)The powers conferred by this section include the power—

(a)to copy documents found on the premises;

(b)to impose requirements as to how documents are provided (which may include requirements to provide legible copies of documents found on the premises that are stored electronically).

(5)For this purpose, “documents” includes information recorded in any form; and references to documents found on the premises include—

(a)documents stored on computers or other electronic devices on the premises, and

(b)documents stored elsewhere that can be accessed by computers or other electronic devices on the premises.

(6)This section applies to a vehicle as if it were premises.

(7)A person is not required by this section to answer any question or produce any document which the person would be entitled to refuse to answer or produce in or for the purposes of proceedings in a court in England and Wales.

24Obstruction etc. of officersE+W

(1)Any person who intentionally obstructs an authorised officer exercising functions under sections 19 to 23 commits an offence.

(2)Any person who without reasonable cause fails—

(a)to provide an authorised officer with facilities that the authorised officer reasonably requires for the purpose of a requirement under section 23(1), or

(b)to comply with a requirement under section 23(1)(b) or (d),

commits an offence.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(4)This section is subject to section 23(7).

25Retained property: appealsE+W

(1)A person (“P”) with an interest in anything taken away under section 23(1)(c) (“retained property”) may apply by way of complaint to any magistrates' court for an order requiring it to be released, either to P or another person.

(2)If on an application under this section the court is satisfied that the continued retention of the retained property is not necessary for the purpose of ascertaining whether an offence under section 5, 6 or 17 has been committed, it may make an order requiring the release of the retained property.

(3)An order under this section may contain whatever provision the court thinks appropriate for delaying its coming into force pending the making and determination of an appeal (including an application under section 111 of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (c.43)).

(4)If the court adjourns the hearing of an application under this section, it may make an order in respect of the retained property that lasts until the final hearing of the application or until any further order is made, if it considers it appropriate to do so.

(5)Nothing in this section affects any other power of the court to make an order in respect of the retained property, including any power to make an order under section 1 of the Police (Property) Act 1897 (c.30).

26Appropriated property: compensationE+W

(1)A person (“P”) with an interest in anything of which an authorised officer of an enforcement authority has taken possession under section 23(1)(c) (“appropriated property”) may apply by way of complaint to any magistrates' court for compensation.

(2)Subsection (3) applies if on an application under this section the court is satisfied that—

(a)P has suffered loss or damage in consequence of the authorised officer's taking possession of the appropriated property, or retaining it, in circumstances where doing so was not necessary for the purpose of ascertaining whether an offence under section 5, 6 or 17 had been committed, and

(b)the loss or damage is not attributable to the neglect or default of P.

(3)The court may order the enforcement authority to pay compensation to P.

27Fixed penalty noticesE+W

(1)Where an authorised officer has reason to believe that a person has committed either of the following offences on premises or in a place or vehicle in relation to which the enforcement authority is authorised to act—

(a)an offence under section 5(1);

(b)an offence under section 17(5),

the officer may give that person a fixed penalty notice in respect of the offence.

(2)Where an authorised officer has reason to believe that a person has committed an offence under section 6(6) in relation to a vehicle being used for the purposes mentioned in subsection (4), in relation to which the enforcement authority is authorised to act, the officer may give that person a fixed penalty notice in respect of the offence.

(3)A fixed penalty notice is a notice offering a person the opportunity to discharge any liability to conviction for the offence to which the notice relates by paying a fixed penalty.

(4)The purposes are the social, domestic or other private purposes of the person believed by the authorised officer to have committed the offence.

(5)In the case of an offence that an authorised officer has reason to believe has been committed by a partnership, the references in subsections (1) and (2) to the person to whom a fixed penalty notice may be given are to be treated as references to the partnership.

(6)In the case of an offence that an authorised officer has reason to believe has been committed by an unincorporated association other than a partnership, the references in subsections (1) and (2) to the person to whom a fixed penalty notice may be given are to be treated as references to the association.

(7)In this section, “partnership” means—

(a)a partnership within the Partnership Act 1890 (c.39), or

(b)a limited partnership registered under the Limited Partnerships Act 1907 (c.24).

(8)For further provision about fixed penalties, see Schedule 1.

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