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Land Transaction Tax and Anti-avoidance of Devolved Taxes (Wales) Act 2017

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CHAPTER 1E+WRETURNS

Duty to make returnE+W

44Duty to make a returnE+W

(1)The buyer in a notifiable land transaction must make a return to WRA.

(2)A return made under this section must—

(a)be made before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day after the effective date of the transaction, and

(b)if the transaction is a chargeable transaction, include a self-assessment.

(3)In this Act, “"self-assessment”” in relation to a return, means an assessment of the amount of tax that, on the basis of the information contained in that return, is chargeable in respect of the transaction.

Notifiable transactionsE+W

45Notifiable transactionsE+W

(1)For the purposes of this Act, a land transaction is notifiable if it is—

(a)an acquisition of a major interest in land (see section 68) that does not fall within one of the exceptions listed in section 46,

(b)an acquisition of a chargeable interest, other than a major interest in land, if—

(i)it is not exempt from charge as provided for in Schedule 3, and

(ii)tax is chargeable at a rate of more than 0%, or would be so chargeable but for a relief listed in section 30, in respect of any part of the chargeable consideration for the transaction,

(c)a land transaction that a person is treated as entering into by virtue of section 11(3)(contract providing for transfer to third party), or

(d)a notional or additional notional land transaction within the meaning given in paragraph 8(1) and (3) of Schedule 2.

(2)This section has effect subject to—

(a)section 10(5) (contract and transfer),

(b)paragraph 18(5) of Schedule 4 (arrangements involving public or educational bodies),

(c)paragraph 44(1) of Schedule 7 (transfer of partnership interest), and

(d)paragraph 2(6) of Schedule 10 (alternative property finance).

46Exceptions for certain acquisitions of major interests in landE+W

(1)The exceptions referred to in section 45 are as follows.

(2)A transaction which is exempt from charge as provided for in Schedule 3.

(3)An acquisition other than the grant, assignment or surrender of a lease where the chargeable consideration, together with the chargeable consideration for any linked transactions, is less than £40,000.

(4)The grant of a lease for a term of less than 7 years, where the chargeable consideration does not exceed the zero rate threshold.

(5)The assignment or surrender of a lease where—

(a)the lease was originally granted for a term of less than 7 years, and

(b)the chargeable consideration for the assignment or surrender does not exceed the zero rate threshold.

(6)The grant of a lease for a term of 7 years or more where—

(a)the chargeable consideration other than rent is less than £40,000, and

(b)the relevant rent is less than £1,000.

(7)The assignment or surrender of a lease where—

(a)the lease was originally granted for a term of 7 years or more, and

(b)the chargeable consideration for the assignment or surrender is less than £40,000.

(8)Chargeable consideration for an acquisition exceeds the zero rate threshold if it includes —

(a)any amount in respect of which tax is chargeable at a rate of more than 0%, or

(b)any amount in respect of which tax would be so chargeable but for a relief listed in section 30(2) or (3).

(9)In subsection (6), “"relevant rent”” means—

(a)the annual rent (as defined in paragraph 36(2) of Schedule 6), or

(b)in the case of the grant of a lease to which paragraph 31 of Schedule 7 applies, the relevant chargeable proportion of the annual rent (as calculated in accordance with that paragraph).

(10)The Welsh Ministers may by regulations amend subsection (3), (6) or (7) so as to substitute for an amount for the time being specified there a different amount.

AdjustmentsE+W

47Contingency ceases or consideration is ascertained: duty to make returnE+W

(1)The buyer in a land transaction must make a return to WRA if—

(a)section 19 or 20 (contingent, uncertain or unascertained consideration) applies in relation to the transaction, or to any transaction in relation to which the transaction is a linked transaction,

(b)an event mentioned in subsection (2) occurs, and

(c)the effect of the event is that—

(i)the transaction becomes notifiable,

(ii)additional tax is payable in respect of the transaction, or

(iii)tax is payable in respect of the transaction where none was payable.

(2)The events are—

(a)in the case of contingent consideration, the contingency occurs or it becomes clear that it will not occur, or

(b)in the case of uncertain or unascertained consideration, an amount relevant to the calculation of the consideration, or any instalment of consideration, becomes ascertained.

(3)A return made under this section must—

(a)be made before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day after the day on which the event mentioned in subsection (2) occurred, and

(b)include a self-assessment.

(4)Despite section 157(3) of TCMA (late payment interest), the late payment interest start date in relation to an amount—

(a)stated in a return made under this section as the tax payable,

(b)payable as a result of an amendment or correction to such a return,

(c)payable as a result of an assessment made in addition to such a return, or

(d)payable as a result of a determination or an assessment made in place of such a return,

is the day after the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day after the effective date of the transaction (and Chapter 1 of Part 6 of that Act is to be read accordingly).

(5)The Welsh Ministers may by regulations amend subsection (4) so as to substitute for the period for the time being specified there, a different period.

(6)This section does not apply in so far as the chargeable consideration consists of—

(a)rent (see Schedule 6);

(b)an annuity to which section 21 applies.

48Contingency ceases or consideration ascertained: repayment of taxE+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies in relation to a land transaction if—

(a)section 19 or 20 (contingent, uncertain or unascertained consideration) applies in relation to the transaction, or to any transaction in relation to which the transaction is a linked transaction,

(b)an event mentioned in section 47(2) occurs (“"the relevant event””), and

(c)the effect of the relevant event is that there is less tax payable in respect of the transaction than the buyer has already paid in accordance with the return made for the transaction (““the land transaction return””).

(2)In order to obtain a repayment of the amount of tax overpaid, the buyer in the land transaction may—

(a)within the period allowed for amendment of the land transaction return, amend the return accordingly (see section 41 of TCMA);

(b)after the end of that period (if the return is not so amended), make a claim for repayment of the amount overpaid in accordance with Chapter 7 of Part 3 of TCMA as modified by subsection (3).

(3)In its application to a claim to which subsection (2)(b) applies, Chapter 7 of Part 3 of TCMA applies as if for section 78 there were substituted—

78Time limit for making claims

A claim under section 63 to which section 48(2)(b) of LTTA applies must be made before the later of the end of—

(a)the period of 4 years beginning with the day after the filing date for the tax return to which the land transaction tax already paid relates, or

(b)the period of 12 months beginning with the relevant event (within the meaning given in section 48(1)(b) of LTTA).

(4)But where the transaction (““the relevant transaction””) is the grant or assignment of a lease, no claim may be made under subsection (2)—

(a)in respect of the repayment (in whole or in part) of any loan or deposit that is treated by virtue of paragraph 19 of Schedule 6 as being consideration given for the relevant transaction, or

(b)in respect of the refund of any of the consideration given for the relevant transaction, in a case where the refund—

(i)is made under arrangements that were made in connection with the relevant transaction, and

(ii)is contingent on the termination or assignment of the lease or on the grant of a chargeable interest out of the lease.

(5)This section does not apply—

(a)so far as the consideration consists of rent (see Schedule 6);

(b)where section 21 (annuities) applies.

49Further return where relief is withdrawnE+W

(1)The buyer in a land transaction must make a further return to WRA if relief is withdrawn to any extent under—

(a)Schedule 11 (alternative finance investment bonds);

(b)Schedule 14 (relief for certain acquisitions of residential property);

(c)Schedule 16 (group relief);

(d)Schedule 17 (reconstruction or acquisition relief);

(e)Schedule 18 (charities relief).

(2)A return made under this section must—

(a)be made before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day after the day on which the disqualifying event occurred, and

(b)include a self-assessment.

(3)The disqualifying event is—

(a)in relation to the withdrawal of relief under Schedule 11, an event mentioned in paragraph 14 of that Schedule;

(b)in relation to the withdrawal of relief for certain acquisitions of residential property under Schedule 14, an event mentioned in paragraph 8(1), (3) or (4) of that Schedule;

(c)in relation to the withdrawal of group relief under Schedule 16, the buyer ceasing to be a member of the same group as the seller within the meaning of that Schedule;

(d)in relation to the withdrawal of reconstruction relief or acquisition relief under Schedule 17, an event mentioned in paragraph 5(2) or 7(2) or (3) of that Schedule;

(e)in relation to the withdrawal of charities relief under Schedule 18, a disqualifying event as defined in paragraph 2(4), 5(2) or 8(2) of that Schedule.

(4)Despite section 157(3) of TCMA (late payment interest), the late payment interest start date in relation to an amount—

(a)stated in a return made under subsection (1)(a) as the tax payable,

(b)payable as a result of an amendment or correction to such a return,

(c)payable as a result of an assessment made in addition to such a return, or

(d)payable as a result of a determination or an assessment made in place of such a return,

is the day after the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day after the effective date of the first transaction (and Chapter 1 of Part 6 of that Act is to be read accordingly).

(5)The Welsh Ministers may by regulations amend subsection (4) so as to substitute for the period for the time being specified there, a different period.

50Single return in respect of linked transactions with same effective dateE+W

(1)Wherethere are two or more linked transactions with the same effective date the buyer, or all of the buyers if there is more than one, may make a single return as if all of those transactions were a single notifiable transaction.

(2)Where two or more buyers make a single return in respect of linked transactions, sections 37 to 40 apply as if—

(a)the transactions in question were a single transaction, and

(b)those buyers were buyers acting jointly.

51Return as a result of later linked transactionE+W

(1)This section applies where the effect of a transaction (““the later transaction””) that is linked to an earlier transaction is that—

(a)the earlier transaction becomes notifiable,

(b)additional tax is chargeable in respect of the earlier transaction, or

(c)tax is chargeable in respect of the earlier transaction where none was chargeable before.

(2)The buyer in the earlier transaction must make a return in respect of that transaction.

(3)A return made under this section must—

(a)be made before the end of the period of 30 days beginning with the day after the effective date of the later transaction, and

(b)include a self-assessment.

(4)This section does not affect any requirement to make a return in respect of the later transaction.

52Power to amend period in which returns must be madeE+W

(1)The Welsh Ministers may by regulations amend a provision listed in subsection (2) so as to substitute for the period for the time being specified there, a different period.

(2)The provisions are—

(a)section 44(2)(a);

(b)section 47(3)(a);

(c)section 49(2)(a);

(d)section 51(3)(a);

(e)paragraph 24(4)(a) of Schedule 5;

(f)paragraph 3(4) of Schedule 6;

(g)paragraph 5(5) of that Schedule;

(h)paragraph 13(1) of that Schedule.

DeclarationsE+W

53DeclarationE+W

(1)A return under this Act must include a declaration by the buyer that the return is, to the best of the buyer's knowledge, correct and complete.

(2)But where—

(a)the buyer authorises an agent to complete the return,

(b)the buyer makes a declaration that, with the exception of the relevant date, the information provided in the return is to the best of the buyer's knowledge, correct and complete, and

(c)the return includes a declaration by the agent that the relevant date provided in the return is to the best of the agent's knowledge correct,

the requirement in subsection (1) is deemed to be met.

(3)The relevant date is—

(a)in relation to a return under section 47, the date of the event as a result of which the return is required,

(b)in relation to a return under section 49, the date on which the disqualifying event occurred,

(c)in relation to a return under section 51, the effective date of the later transaction,

(d)in relation to a return under paragraph 24 of Schedule 5, the date on which the interim period that applies in accordance with paragraph 9(5) or 18(5) of that Schedule ended, and

(e)in relation to a return made under any other provision of this Act, the effective date of the transaction.

(4)Nothing in subsection (2) affects the liability of the buyer under this Act or TCMA.

54Buyer with a disability: declaration by the Official SolicitorE+W

(1)Where—

(a)a buyer in a land transaction is disabled,

(b)the Official Solicitor is acting for that buyer, and

(c)the return includes a declaration by the Official Solicitor that the return is to best of the Official Solicitor's knowledge correct and complete,

the requirement in section 53 is deemed to be met.

(2)Nothing in this section affects the liability of the buyer under this Act or TCMA.

(3)For the purposes of this section, a person is disabled if they have a disability for the purposes of the Equality Act 2010 (c. 15).

(4)In this section, the “"Official Solicitor”” means the Official Solicitor to the Senior Courts.

55Declaration by person authorised to act on behalf of individualE+W

(1)This section applies to a declaration mentioned in section 53 that a return is correct and complete.

(2)Where the buyer is an individual, the requirement that the buyer make such a declaration (alone or jointly with others) is treated as met if a declaration to that effect is made by a person authorised to act on behalf of that individual in relation to the matters to which the return or certificate relates.

(3)For the purposes of this section a person (““P””) is not regarded as authorised to act on behalf of an individual unless P is so authorised by a power of attorney in writing, signed by that individual.

(4)This section does not apply where an individual is acting in accordance with section 33 (persons through whom a company acts)—

(a)as the proper officer of a company, or

(b)otherwise on behalf of a company.

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