Section 31 - Carbon budgets
153.This section places a duty on the Welsh Ministers to set, for each five year budgetary period, a maximum total amount for the net Welsh emissions account, which is known as a carbon budget. The Welsh Ministers are required to ensure that net Welsh emissions account for each period does not exceed the carbon budget for that period. The first budgetary period is 2016-2020, and the remaining budgetary periods are each succeeding period of five years, ending with 2046-2050.
154.The section requires the Welsh Ministers to set 2 consecutive carbon budgets for the periods 2016-2020 and 2021-2025 before the end of 2018. It also creates a duty to set subsequent carbon budgets at least 5 years in advance of the budgetary period to which they relate. When making the regulations to set carbon budgets the Welsh Ministers must regard to the matters provided in section 32(3). Before the Welsh Ministers lay draft regulations to set a carbon budget they must seek advice from the advisory body (section 49(1)). The advice provided to the Welsh Ministers by the advisory body must also include the body’s opinion on the matters provided in section 50(2), which includes the appropriate level of the carbon budget for the period.