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Quia Emptores (1290)

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Quia Emptores (1290)

1290 CHAPTER 1 18 Edw 1

A STATUTE of our LORD THE KING, concerning the Selling and Buying of Land. The Title Statute d’ni R. de t’ris vendend’ emend’ is in the Margin of the Roll, and of the Vetus Codex at the Tower, fo. 20: On the Close Roll 18 Edw. I. m. 6. d, this Statute is entered with the following Title in the Margin, ’Statute qd null emat tras de aliis tenend qa de capitalibz dnis, &c.’ In the Printed Copies and Translations it is intituled, ’Statutum Westm. iij. The Statute of Westminster the Third, viz. of Quia Emptores Terrarum.’X1X2

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X1This Act is not necessarily in the form in which it has effect in Northern Ireland

X2The original text of this Act was not modern English. The traditional translation appears first with obsolete characters modernised. The original text (as an image) appears second.

IFreeholders may sell their Lands; so that the Feoffee do hold of the Chief Lord.E+W

FORASMUCH as Purchasers of Lands and Tenements of the Fees of great men and [X3other Lords,] have many times heretofore entered into their Fees, to the prejudice of the Lords, [X4to whom] the Freeholders of such great men (X5) have sold their Lands and Tenements to be holden in Fee (X6) of their Feoffors, and not of the Chief Lords of the Fees, whereby the same Chief Lords have many times lost their Escheats, Marriages, and Wardships of Lands and Tenements belonging to their Fees; which thing seemed very hard and extream unto those [X7Lords and other great men,] and moreover in this case manifest Disheritance: Our Lord the King, in his Parliament at Westminster after Easter, the eighteenth year of his Reign, that is to wit, in the Quinzime of Saint John Baptist, at the instance of the great Men of the Realm, granted, provided, and ordained, That from henceforth it shall be lawful to every Freeman to sell at his own pleasure his Lands and Tenements, or part of them; so that the Feoffee shall hold the same Lands or Tenements of the [X8Chief Lord of the same Fee, by such Service] and Customs as his Feoffor held before.

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X3Variant reading of the text noted in The Statutes of the Realm as follows: others

X4Variant reading of the text noted in The Statutes of the Realm as follows: to which Purchasers

X5Variant reading of the text noted in The Statutes of the Realm as follows: and others

X6Variant reading of the text noted in The Statutes of the Realm as follows: to them and their Heirs

X7Variant reading of the text noted in The Statutes of the Realm as follows: great Men and other Lords

X8Variant reading of the text noted in The Statutes of the Realm as follows: same Chief Lord, and by the same Services

II Sale of Part.Apportionment of Services.E+W

AND if he sell any part of such Lands or Tenements to any, the Feoffee shall immediately hold it of the Chief Lord, and shall be forthwith charged with the Services, for so much as pertaineth, or ought to pertain to the said Chief Lord for the same parcel, according to the Quantity of the Land or Tenement [so] sold: And so in this case the same part of the Service [X9shall remain to the Lord, to be taken by the hands of the Feoffee, for the which he ought] to be attendant and answerable to the same Chief Lord, according to the Quantity of the Land or Tenement sold, for the parcel of the Service so due.

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X9Variant reading of the text noted in The Statutes of the Realm as follows: shall cease to be taken by the Chief Lord by the hands of the Feoffor, from the time that the Feoffee ought

IIIX10Mortmain prohibited.E+W
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X10Marginal note no longer accurate

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F1 And It is to wit, that this Statute extendeth but only to Lands [X11holden] in Fee Simple; and that it extendeth to the time coming; and it shall begin to take effect at the Feast of Saint Andrew the Apostle next coming. [Given the eighteenth year of the Reign of King Edward, Son to King Henry.]

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X10Marginal note no longer accurate

X11Variant reading of the text noted in The Statutes of the Realm as follows: sold to be holden

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